Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

Ok guys, hang on to your hats, this is going to blow you away!  Fellow watchwoman Kate Engel and I have been chewing on this the last few days and I will try to present our findings!

The First Trump

The very first mention in the Bible of a trumpet blast is found in Exodus chapter 19.  You should be familiar with this chapter by now, as it records the very first Pentecost, when God came down to meet with Moses on Mount Sinai to give the 10 Commandments.  More specifically, God instituted the Mosaic Covenant and the Dispensation of Law on this day.  And He did so with the First Trump in scripture:

When Moses told the words of the people to the Lord,  the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments  and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.  And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death.  No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast [yobel H3104; mashak H4900], they shall come up to the mountain.”  So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments.  And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast [chazaq H2389; shophar H7782], so that all the people in the camp trembled. Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.  Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.  And as the sound of the trumpet [shophar, H7782] grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.  The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.  Exodus 19:9-20 ESV

The words used for trumpet in this passage are Strong’s H3104, Hebrew yobel, and H7782, Hebrew shophar.  I want you to note that they are used interchangeably.  This blast was used to call the Israelites to assembly at the foot of Mount Sinai in preparation to enter into covenant with God.

Yobel, H3104
Strong’s Concordance
yobel: a ram, ram’s horn (a wind instrument)
Transliteration: yobel
Short Definition: jubilee

Brown-Driver-Briggs

2 designation of 50th year, marked by blowing of cornets, AV ‘jubile’ (so Late Hebrew יוֺבֵלᵑ7 יובֵילָא, as loan-word); originally no doubt שְׁנַת הַיּוֺבֵל year of the ram (‘s horn), as Leviticus 25:13,28,40,50,52,54 (all H), Leviticus 27:17,18,23,24 (all P), but then, without שׁנת, as יוֺבֵל הִוא תִּהְיֶה לָכֶם Leviticus 25:10 a ram (‘s horn blowing) shall it be to you; so Leviticus 25:11Leviticus 25:12Leviticus 25:15Leviticus 25:28Leviticus 25:30Leviticus 25:31Leviticus 25:33 (all H), Leviticus 27:18Numbers 36:4 (both P).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet

Or yobel {yob-ale’}; apparently from yabal; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); specifically, the signal of the silver trumpets; hence, the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced — jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet.

http://biblehub.com/hebrew/3104.htm

Did you notice the very interesting connection between the first description of the long trumpet blast [yobel mashak] and the Jubilee?  When we go to Leviticus 25:9, which designates the Jubilee trumpet blast, the Hebrew words used are the trumpet [shophar] of the Jubilee [teruah].  We examined teruah in our last post as a great shouting, such as on the Feast of Trumpets (Shouting).  Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance links the yobel to the specific signal from the silver trumpets.

Shophar, H7782
Strong’s Concordance
shophar: a horn (for blowing)

Transliteration: shophar
Phonetic Spelling: (sho-far’)
Short Definition: trumpet

At the First Trump, we have both the yabal and the shophar being used interchangeably, with links to the silver trumpets.

Call to Assemble, Call to Battle

The shofar, or ram’s horn trumpet, features regularly in the service of the Temple.  God also commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets to be sounded regularly.  The Feasts of God all involve the sounding of trumpets.  Besides being blown on the feast days, the trumpets were used to call the Israelites to assembly, to call them to battle, to announce their months, and to sound at burnt offerings and peace offerings. Let’s examine the passage in Numbers 10:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp.  And when both are blown, all the congregation shall gather themselves to you at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  But if they blow only one, then the chiefs, the heads of the tribes of Israel, shall gather themselves to you.  When you blow an alarm, the camps that are on the east side shall set out.  And when you blow an alarm the second time, the camps that are on the south side shall set out. An alarm is to be blown whenever they are to set out.  But when the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow a long blast, but you shall not sound an alarm.  And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets. The trumpets shall be to you for a perpetual statute throughout your generations.  And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”  Numbers 10:1-10 ESV

Based on studying what the trumpet blasts are to be used for:

  • one trumpet blast – the chiefs and heads of the tribes shall be gathered
  • two trumpets sounding in one long blast – summoning the entire congregation
  • gathering them together in assembly at the entrance of the tent of meeting
  • breaking camp
  • sounding an alarm right before war
  • the purpose of reminding God to save them from their enemies
  • sounding the day of gladness
  • sounding at appointed feasts
  • sounding at the beginnings of months
  • sounding over burnt offerings
  • sounding over the sacrifices of peace offerings

The First Trump, as we saw above, was one long blast which summoned the entire congregation before Mount Sinai.  It also sounded the very first Pentecost.  So now let’s look, what kind of trumpet and blast is the Last Trump?

The Last Trump

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpigx, G4536]. For the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

We have to connect the Greek (New Testament) with the Hebrew (Old Testament).  We know the Last Trump is a Salpigx:

Last Trump: G4536, salpigx (1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16)

How do we connect the salpigx to the Hebrew?  Fortunately, Hebrews 12 gives us the answer:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet [salpingos, G4536] and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  Hebrews 12:18-20 ESV

We now know that the Sinai Trump, the First Trump, is equivalent in meaning to the Last Trump.  They are of the same kind:

Sinai Trump: G4536, salpingos (Hebrews 12:19)

So what exactly does the concordance have to say about a salpigx?

G4536, Salpigx
Strong’s Concordance
salpigx: a trumpet

Original Word: σάλπιγξ, ιγγος, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: salpigx
Phonetic Spelling: (sal’-pinx)
Short Definition: a trumpet
Definition: a trumpet, the sound of a trumpet.

HELPS Word-studies

4536 sálpigks – “properly, a war-trumpet” (WS, 797) that boldly announces God’s victory (the vanquishing of His enemies).

In the OT, trumpets were used to called God’s people to war, and to announce victory wrought by Him. That is, a military clarion that proclaimed the Lord inspired and empowered the victory on behalf of His people.

[“The trumpet was the signal employed to call the hosts of Israel to march as to war, and is common in prophetic imagery (Is 27:13). Cf. The seventh angel (Rev 11:15)” (WP, 1, 193).

Trumpets in the OT summoned God’s saints for His righteous wars (Nu 10:9; Jer 4:19; Joel 2:1). See also Lev 23:24,25; Nu 10:2-10; Ps 81:3.]

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

trumpet.

Perhaps from salos (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet — trump(-et).

see GREEK salos

Source: http://biblehub.com/greek/4536.htm

The “Last Trump”, while also calling us to assembly on the Heavenly Mount Zion as we have studied in Hebrews 12 (the rapture), seems to primarily be a call to war.

Do you remember what Numbers 10 told us was one of the purposes of the silver trumpets, which seem to be used interchangeably with the ram’s horn shophar?

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  Does this sound shockingly familiar???

Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church

 last trump


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

The Day of Christ- BEMA Seat

The Millennial Kingdom

Who Will Stand Before the Son of Man?  Examining Luke 21:36

What’s Shaking?  The Earth, The Heavens, or Both?

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 


Passages Describing the Feast of Pentecost

When studying Biblical teaching, I believe it is always important to read the source for yourself.  Not just a verse or two, but the entire relevant passage.  This will sharpen your discernment skills, as you examine the scriptures for yourself to see if these things are so.  Much of the fall ruckus over the Jubilee and Yom Kippur could have been avoided if everyone had just read Leviticus chapter 23.  So with no further delay, here are the relevant passages describing the celebration of the Feast of Pentecost (Weeks):

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.”

 the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments 11 and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments. 15 And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

16 On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly. 19 And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

[10 Commandments Given]

18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off 19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” 21 The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

[Additional commandments Given – the Law]

Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”  And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

15 Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.16 The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. 18 Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 19:1, 5-8, 10-20; 20:18-21; 24:3, 6-8, 15-17

 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.  You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the Lord.  You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the Lord.  And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.  And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.  And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.  “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”  Leviticus 23:15-22 ESV

26 On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, 27 but offer a burnt offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord: two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs a year old; 28 also their grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths for one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 30 with one male goat, to make atonement for you. 31 Besides the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. See that they are without blemish.  Numbers 28:26-31 ESV

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. 10 Then you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with the tribute of a freewill offering from your hand, which you shall give as the Lord your God blesses you. 11 And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your towns, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow who are among you, at the place that the Lord your God will choose, to make his name dwell there. 12 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt; and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.  Deuteronomy 16:9-12 ESV

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