Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies. 

Numbers 10:9 ESV

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  From Parts 9 & 10 of our study, it seems that the “Last Trump” that sounds at the time of the rapture is likely this battle cry of remembrance – for God to rise up and save Israel from destruction.

In Parts 7 & 8 of our study, we noted the connections between the heavenly Mount Zion, our assembling together at the time of the resurrection/rapture event, and the coming of the Day of the Lord.  Let’s review Joel 2, which connects the trumpet of alarm sounding from Zion (which can refer to both the Heavenly Mount Zion, Heavenly Jerusalem, and the Earthly Jerusalem), the coming of the Day of the Lord, the assembling of the people and the bridegroom and bride leaving their chambers (the resurrection/rapture event?), and God sparing His people for the sake of His Holy Name.  God becoming jealous for His land and having pity on His people sounds like Him remembering the Abrahamic Covenant (Israel land and people covenant).  It also sounds exactly like the purpose of the Gog Magog war in Ezekiel 38-39.  Let’s review the passage:

Joel 2:1-2,15-20 ESV

Blow a trumpet in Zion;
    sound an alarm on my holy mountain!
Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble,
    for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near,
a day of darkness and gloom,
    a day of clouds and thick darkness!

Blow the trumpet in Zion;
    consecrate a fast;
call a solemn assembly;
     gather the people.
Consecrate the congregation;
    assemble the elders;
gather the children,
    even nursing infants.
Let the bridegroom leave his room,
    and the bride her chamber.

 Between the vestibule and the altar
    let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep
and say, “Spare your people, O Lord,
    and make not your heritage a reproach,
    a byword among the nations.
Why should they say among the peoples,
    ‘Where is their God?’”

 Then the Lord became jealous for his land

    and had pity on his people.
 The Lord answered and said to his people,
“Behold, I am sending to you
    grain, wine, and oil,
    and you will be satisfied;
and I will no more make you
    a reproach among the nations.

 “I will remove the northerner far from you,
    and drive him into a parched and desolate land,
his vanguard into the eastern sea,
    and his rear guard into the western sea;
the stench and foul smell of him will rise,
    for he has done great things.

In case you are wondering, Zion’s Trump is H7782, Shophar  (Joel 2:1-2).  I think we’ve covered the other connections fairly well in previous posts, so let’s examine the connection with the Battle of Gog & Magog found in Ezekiel 38-39.

The Battle of Gog & Magog – Ezekiel 38-39

God has seemed conspicuously silent towards Israel for the last several thousand years, but in the near future God will break His silence in a specific war detailed in Ezekiel 38-39.

“Gog” and the many nations intend to plunder Israel.  However, we are shown how God sets this war up Himself to fulfill His plans and purposes.  He then intervenes supernaturally to save Israel from certain annihilation for the sake of His own name. 

Basically, God will raise Israel’s enemies up against her in such a way as to guarantee her destruction, just so that He can prevent her from being destroyed.  God breaks His silence with Israel for the purpose of announcing to an unbelieving world that  He intends to fulfill His covenant promises!  He will reclaim Israel as His people and His land.  God mentions this purpose 70 times in the book of Ezekiel; four times in these two chapters alone, to ensure He gets His point across.  However, He has one final test for Israel.

gog_magog

It’s impossible to overemphasize the significance that God Himself is arranging this war exactly according to His schedule.  He will use Gog / Magog as a set-up for both Israel and the nations.  It will be deliberately presented so that it can be interpreted by Israel as the final war (Battle of Armageddon).  When God intervenes, Israel will look for the Messiah to inaugurate the Messianic Kingdom.  A “messiah” will most certainly appear.

Will Israel accept or reject the ultimate false messianic figure?

There are strong connections between Ezekiel 38-39 and the opening of Seal 6 in Revelation 6.  These connections also seemingly mark the beginning of birth pains (Matthew 24, Luke 21, Mark 13).  Collectively, Seal 6, Matthew 24, and Ezekiel 38-39 would seem to mark both the Rapture and the beginning of the Day of the Lord.  We discussed in Part 3, with Peter’s Pentecost Prophecy, how Seal 6 and the end of the church age ties in with Pentecost.  I hope you are starting to notice how all these threads are being woven together to form a beautiful tapestry!

Spare your people, O Lord,
    and make not your heritage a reproach,
    a byword among the nations.
Why should they say among the peoples,
    ‘Where is their God?’”

 Then the Lord became jealous for his land

    and had pity on his people.
 The Lord answered and said to his people,
“Behold, I am sending to you
    grain, wine, and oil,
    and you will be satisfied;
and I will no more make you
    a reproach among the nations.

 “I will remove the northerner far from you,
    and drive him into a parched and desolate land,
his vanguard into the eastern sea,
    and his rear guard into the western sea;
the stench and foul smell of him will rise,
    for he has done great things.

Gog approaches Israel “from the North”, and he will be driven away and slain on the mountains of Israel. Ezekiel 39:4-6 describes this stench, with my commentary in brackets:

You shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your hordes and the peoples who are with you. [Emphasis is on the mountains of Israel, where they will be gathered] I will give you to birds of prey of every sort and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. [instead of humans offering clean animals in sacrifice, humans will be a sacrifice to the birds of prey and beasts of the field – ceremonially unclean animals.  Note the connection here to Luke 17:37 – the first of the sacrificial feasts God prepares for the birds of prey.  This places a strong connection between the rapture at the same time as or followed immediately by the Gog Magog war.] You shall fall in the open field, for I have spoken, declares the Lord God. I will send fire on Magog and on those who dwell securely in the coastlands, and they shall know that I am the Lord. [God will also send judgment on the countries these people came from – the land of Russia and the coastlands – those who stayed behind will not be spared from wrath]

I believe that the upcoming Ezekiel 38-39 (Gog/Magog) war will occur in conjunction with the rapture, and that the antichrist will claim it was the Battle of Armageddon.  He will then seek to “change the times and laws” and attempt to set up his own “kingdom age”.  For more study on the Gog/Magog battle, I refer you to these posts:

The Heavenly Battle – Revelation 12

As on earth, it is in heaven… I believe that the Last Trump will also initiate the greatest heavenly battle of all time.  I believe that THIS is the “heavenly dragon sign” we have been watching for.  I believe it will occur in conjunction with the rapture… as we go up, the angelic hosts go to war.

9045-st-michael-defeats-the-devil-eug-ne-delacroix

As I discussed in this post: Revelation 12 – A Visual RearrangementI believe that Revelation 12 gives an overview of the entire Day of the Lord from a unique vantage point.  I believe that verses 1-6 give an overview, and the rest of the chapter fills in details.  I have discussed Revelation 12 verse by verse HERE.  The part that the Last Trump introduces I believe is this (my commentary in brackets):

And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems.  Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon.  And the dragon and his angels fought back, but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.

His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. [Seal 6, Rev 6 – 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale.  Does the Holy Spirit (Restrainer) remove with a violent wind (gale) just as He came down with a violent wind in Acts 2?]  And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she bore her child he might devour it.

She gave birth to a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne,  [resurrection/rapture event]

10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. 11 And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death.  [Revelation 7 – After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands, 10 and crying out with a loud voice, “Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!”]

12 Therefore, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to you, O earth and sea, for the devil has come down to you in great wrath, because he knows that his time is short!” [1 week of years – 7 years – Restraint has now been lifted on the earth with the removal of the Restrainer, and satan will unleash his plan of deception.  God will send a powerful delusion on those who refused to believe the truth, so that they will believe satan’s lies. 2 Thess. 2]

There is no longer any place (purpose) for the accuser of the brethren (satan) in heaven, because we have been redeemed!  For one brief moment in time there are NO CHRISTIANS left to accuse!  We will conquer him by the blood of the Lamb and the word of our testimony, loving not our lives even unto death.

If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved.  Romans 10:9-10 ESV

For more on the dragon sign, you can check out these posts:

Who Sounds the Last Trump?

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

last trump.jpg

The Last Trump will not be sounded by humans.  No matter what it is associated with – Feast of God, Battle Cry, Call to Assembly, or all of the above, the Last Trump is clearly sounded by God Himself.  We’ve been examining the different types of trumpets in Scripture, and trying to discern whether the Last Trump is a shophar or the silver trumpets.  But what if the Last Trump, like the First Trump, is referring to the trumpet voice of God?  David Lowe proposes this concept very well in his books Earthquake Resurrection and Then His Voice Shook the Earth.  Lowe explains it this way:

Just what could Paul have meant by the “trumpet of God” in I Thessalonians 4:17? Does the idea of God Almighty placing a gold or silver trumpet to his mouth come to mind? Given his omnipotence, the idea of the Creator of the universe placing a literal trumpet to his mouth in heaven seems a bit unnecessary. Could it be that the trumpet of God is actually his voice rather than a trumpet that he places to his mouth and blows?

Fortunately, there is a wealth of scripture that will shed some light on these questions. The first is Exodus chapter 19, in which the scene is set for the giving of the Ten Commandments. The following is the Septuagint version of the passage:

Exo 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day, as the morning drew nigh, there were voices and lightnings and a dark cloud on Mount Sinai. The voice of the trumpet [salpiggo] sounded loud, and all the people in the camp trembled.

Exo 19:17 And Moses led the people forth out of the camp to meet God, and they stood by under the camp.

Exo 19:18 Now Mount Sinai was altogether in smoke, because God had descended upon it in fire; and the smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and the people were exceedingly amazed.

Exo 19:19 And the sounds of the trumpet [salpiggo] were growing much louder. Moses spoke, and God answered him with a voice.

It is clear from this famous account that the voice heard from the mountain was the sound of a trumpet.  As God spoke to Moses, his voice reverberated and shook Mount Sinai, and the people were extremely terrified. When Paul recounted this spectacle in the letter to the Hebrews, the voice of the trumpet is again mentioned:

Heb 12:18 For you have not come to something that can be touched, to a burning fire and darkness and gloom and a whirlwind

Heb 12:19 and the blast of a trumpet [salpiggos] and a voice uttering words such that those who heard begged to hear no more

The trumpet and the voice are again combined in describing God’s communication to the Israelites.  Another example of supernatural communication and trumpets is found in Revelation, when John  encountered the Lord on the isle of Patmos:

Rev 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day when I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet [salpiggo],

Rev 4:1 After these things I looked, and there was a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet [salpiggo] said: “Come up here so that I can show you what must happen after these things.”

Revelation chapter 1 states that John heard the resurrected Jesus Christ speaking to him, who would have been seated at the right hand of God after his ascension. In both cases, John described the voice he heard as a loud trumpet blast.

In each of the verses explored above, the Greek words salpiggi or salpiggo are used to describe a trumpet or the sound of the trumpet. These Greek words are also found in the two prophetic passages in I Corinthians and I Thessalonians in describing the sound just before the dead are resurrected:

I Cor 15:52 in a moment, in the blinking of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpiggi]. For the trumpet will sound [salpisei], and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.

I The 4:16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet [salpiggi] of God [theos], and the dead in Christ will rise first.

According to Strong’s Concordance, these words are associated with the reverberation and vibration sound made by a trumpet when it is blown. These Greek words have root word origins that are too interesting and important to bypass. Again according to Strong’s Concordance, one root word is salos, which
means the quavering or billowing of the waves on the sea, and is used but once in the New Testament:

Luke 21:25 “And there will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth nations will be in distress, anxious over the roaring of the sea and the surging waves [salou].

Source: http://www.earthquakeresurrection.com/excerpts/08.voiceandtrumpet.pdf

The “Last Trump” that will call us up to heaven is the trumpet voice of God Himself, issuing forth from the Heavenly Mount Zion just as it did at the First Trump on the earthly Mount Sinai.  It will be a call for the body of Christ to assemble, a call for the angels to go to war, and a call for God to intervene on behalf of His people for the sake of His Holy Name.

This introduces us to our next post:

Pentecost Part 12 – Covenants Confirmed, Covenants Proclaimed

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Covenant With Israel – Who Confirms It?

Connecting Isaiah 17, Psalm 83, Ezekiel 38&39

When God Intervenes (Douglas Berner) – I recommend this book for multiple reasons, but it has a very good discussion of the Gog Magog war.

The Silence is Broken!  God Hooks Ezekiel’s Gog & Magog (Douglas Berner) – If you are really interested in Ezekiel 38-39, this is an exhaustive discussion of it!

Douglas Berner has several short articles available online.

The Trumpet of God and His Voice: Are They the Same? – David Lowe

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

Ok guys, hang on to your hats, this is going to blow you away!  Fellow watchwoman Kate Engel and I have been chewing on this the last few days and I will try to present our findings!

The First Trump

The very first mention in the Bible of a trumpet blast is found in Exodus chapter 19.  You should be familiar with this chapter by now, as it records the very first Pentecost, when God came down to meet with Moses on Mount Sinai to give the 10 Commandments.  More specifically, God instituted the Mosaic Covenant and the Dispensation of Law on this day.  And He did so with the First Trump in scripture:

When Moses told the words of the people to the Lord,  the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments  and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.  And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death.  No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast [yobel H3104; mashak H4900], they shall come up to the mountain.”  So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments.  And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast [chazaq H2389; shophar H7782], so that all the people in the camp trembled. Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.  Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.  And as the sound of the trumpet [shophar, H7782] grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.  The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.  Exodus 19:9-20 ESV

The words used for trumpet in this passage are Strong’s H3104, Hebrew yobel, and H7782, Hebrew shophar.  I want you to note that they are used interchangeably.  This blast was used to call the Israelites to assembly at the foot of Mount Sinai in preparation to enter into covenant with God.

Yobel, H3104
Strong’s Concordance
yobel: a ram, ram’s horn (a wind instrument)
Transliteration: yobel
Short Definition: jubilee

Brown-Driver-Briggs

2 designation of 50th year, marked by blowing of cornets, AV ‘jubile’ (so Late Hebrew יוֺבֵלᵑ7 יובֵילָא, as loan-word); originally no doubt שְׁנַת הַיּוֺבֵל year of the ram (‘s horn), as Leviticus 25:13,28,40,50,52,54 (all H), Leviticus 27:17,18,23,24 (all P), but then, without שׁנת, as יוֺבֵל הִוא תִּהְיֶה לָכֶם Leviticus 25:10 a ram (‘s horn blowing) shall it be to you; so Leviticus 25:11Leviticus 25:12Leviticus 25:15Leviticus 25:28Leviticus 25:30Leviticus 25:31Leviticus 25:33 (all H), Leviticus 27:18Numbers 36:4 (both P).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet

Or yobel {yob-ale’}; apparently from yabal; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); specifically, the signal of the silver trumpets; hence, the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced — jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet.

http://biblehub.com/hebrew/3104.htm

Did you notice the very interesting connection between the first description of the long trumpet blast [yobel mashak] and the Jubilee?  When we go to Leviticus 25:9, which designates the Jubilee trumpet blast, the Hebrew words used are the trumpet [shophar] of the Jubilee [teruah].  We examined teruah in our last post as a great shouting, such as on the Feast of Trumpets (Shouting).  Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance links the yobel to the specific signal from the silver trumpets.

Shophar, H7782
Strong’s Concordance
shophar: a horn (for blowing)

Transliteration: shophar
Phonetic Spelling: (sho-far’)
Short Definition: trumpet

At the First Trump, we have both the yabal and the shophar being used interchangeably, with links to the silver trumpets.

Call to Assemble, Call to Battle

The shofar, or ram’s horn trumpet, features regularly in the service of the Temple.  God also commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets to be sounded regularly.  The Feasts of God all involve the sounding of trumpets.  Besides being blown on the feast days, the trumpets were used to call the Israelites to assembly, to call them to battle, to announce their months, and to sound at burnt offerings and peace offerings. Let’s examine the passage in Numbers 10:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp.  And when both are blown, all the congregation shall gather themselves to you at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  But if they blow only one, then the chiefs, the heads of the tribes of Israel, shall gather themselves to you.  When you blow an alarm, the camps that are on the east side shall set out.  And when you blow an alarm the second time, the camps that are on the south side shall set out. An alarm is to be blown whenever they are to set out.  But when the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow a long blast, but you shall not sound an alarm.  And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets. The trumpets shall be to you for a perpetual statute throughout your generations.  And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”  Numbers 10:1-10 ESV

Based on studying what the trumpet blasts are to be used for:

  • one trumpet blast – the chiefs and heads of the tribes shall be gathered
  • two trumpets sounding in one long blast – summoning the entire congregation
  • gathering them together in assembly at the entrance of the tent of meeting
  • breaking camp
  • sounding an alarm right before war
  • the purpose of reminding God to save them from their enemies
  • sounding the day of gladness
  • sounding at appointed feasts
  • sounding at the beginnings of months
  • sounding over burnt offerings
  • sounding over the sacrifices of peace offerings

The First Trump, as we saw above, was one long blast which summoned the entire congregation before Mount Sinai.  It also sounded the very first Pentecost.  So now let’s look, what kind of trumpet and blast is the Last Trump?

The Last Trump

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpigx, G4536]. For the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

We have to connect the Greek (New Testament) with the Hebrew (Old Testament).  We know the Last Trump is a Salpigx:

Last Trump: G4536, salpigx (1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16)

How do we connect the salpigx to the Hebrew?  Fortunately, Hebrews 12 gives us the answer:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet [salpingos, G4536] and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  Hebrews 12:18-20 ESV

We now know that the Sinai Trump, the First Trump, is equivalent in meaning to the Last Trump.  They are of the same kind:

Sinai Trump: G4536, salpingos (Hebrews 12:19)

So what exactly does the concordance have to say about a salpigx?

G4536, Salpigx
Strong’s Concordance
salpigx: a trumpet

Original Word: σάλπιγξ, ιγγος, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: salpigx
Phonetic Spelling: (sal’-pinx)
Short Definition: a trumpet
Definition: a trumpet, the sound of a trumpet.

HELPS Word-studies

4536 sálpigks – “properly, a war-trumpet” (WS, 797) that boldly announces God’s victory (the vanquishing of His enemies).

In the OT, trumpets were used to called God’s people to war, and to announce victory wrought by Him. That is, a military clarion that proclaimed the Lord inspired and empowered the victory on behalf of His people.

[“The trumpet was the signal employed to call the hosts of Israel to march as to war, and is common in prophetic imagery (Is 27:13). Cf. The seventh angel (Rev 11:15)” (WP, 1, 193).

Trumpets in the OT summoned God’s saints for His righteous wars (Nu 10:9; Jer 4:19; Joel 2:1). See also Lev 23:24,25; Nu 10:2-10; Ps 81:3.]

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

trumpet.

Perhaps from salos (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet — trump(-et).

see GREEK salos

Source: http://biblehub.com/greek/4536.htm

The “Last Trump”, while also calling us to assembly on the Heavenly Mount Zion as we have studied in Hebrews 12 (the rapture), seems to primarily be a call to war.

Do you remember what Numbers 10 told us was one of the purposes of the silver trumpets, which seem to be used interchangeably with the ram’s horn shophar?

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  Does this sound shockingly familiar???

Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church

 last trump


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

The Day of Christ- BEMA Seat

The Millennial Kingdom

Who Will Stand Before the Son of Man?  Examining Luke 21:36

What’s Shaking?  The Earth, The Heavens, or Both?

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 


Passages Describing the Feast of Pentecost

When studying Biblical teaching, I believe it is always important to read the source for yourself.  Not just a verse or two, but the entire relevant passage.  This will sharpen your discernment skills, as you examine the scriptures for yourself to see if these things are so.  Much of the fall ruckus over the Jubilee and Yom Kippur could have been avoided if everyone had just read Leviticus chapter 23.  So with no further delay, here are the relevant passages describing the celebration of the Feast of Pentecost (Weeks):

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.”

 the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments 11 and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments. 15 And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

16 On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly. 19 And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

[10 Commandments Given]

18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off 19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” 21 The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

[Additional commandments Given – the Law]

Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”  And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

15 Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.16 The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. 18 Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 19:1, 5-8, 10-20; 20:18-21; 24:3, 6-8, 15-17

 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.  You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the Lord.  You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the Lord.  And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.  And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.  And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.  “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”  Leviticus 23:15-22 ESV

26 On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, 27 but offer a burnt offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord: two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs a year old; 28 also their grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths for one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 30 with one male goat, to make atonement for you. 31 Besides the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. See that they are without blemish.  Numbers 28:26-31 ESV

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. 10 Then you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with the tribute of a freewill offering from your hand, which you shall give as the Lord your God blesses you. 11 And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your towns, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow who are among you, at the place that the Lord your God will choose, to make his name dwell there. 12 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt; and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.  Deuteronomy 16:9-12 ESV

Pentecost Part 9 – The Trumpets and the Feasts

We want to examine which trumpet is blown in Zion in Joel 2:1-2.  To examine this, first we’re going to back up a little bit and discuss another trumpet, and see if we can connect them.

There has been a lot of confusion and controversy surrounding three little words – “The Last Trump”.

in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

Is this “Last Trump” the last of the 7 Trumpet Judgments?  Those who would try to refute a pretribulation rapture claim that Paul was referring to the last in the series of trumpet judgments which John would write about some 20-40 years later.  The difficulty with the Trumpet 7 Judgment interpretation, despite the obvious lack of reference for Paul’s audience at the time he wrote it, is that there are no additional trumpets mentioned in the sequence.  Notable too, is that angels blow the 7 trumpets of judgment, compared to the rapture, in which the trumpet of God is sounded.  The Last Trump isn’t the 7th Trumpet of Revelation.

What is the Last Trump then?  Is this “Last Trump” the last trumpet sounded on the Feast of Trumpets?  Is it the “Last Trump” of a Jubilee year on Yom Kippur?  Is it the “Last Trump” sounded in a feast year on the mysterious Eighth Day after the Feast of Tabernacles?  Or is the “Last Trump” something else?  Could the “Last Trump” be the trumpet blast that is sounded in Mount Zion right before the Day of the Lord???

Last Trump Contenders

Many watchmen have correctly identified that the Feasts of God are a beautiful picture of God’s redemption plan for humanity.  It is commonly assumed that all 4 Spring Feasts have been fulfilled (although we have been challenging that belief about Pentecost in this series).  Thus, focus has mostly been on the Fall Feasts as possible rapture date contenders, so let’s take a moment to examine these:

Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) – I understand the connections that have been made regarding the “last trump” with the Feast of Trumpets.  I mean, the name of that feast alone tends to make it stand out as a strong contender.

Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets [teruah, H8643] , a holy convocation.  Leviticus 23:24 ESV

On the first day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets [teruah, H8643]… Numbers 29:1 ESV

From Hebrew tradition, it seems that the Feast of Trumpets contained the “last trump” and Yom Kippur sounded the “great trump”.  On the Feast of Trumpets, traditionally 100 blasts of the shofar would be sounded, with the last being the Tekiah Gedolah – a specific long blast.  Despite the lack of scriptural corroboration for these blasts, the Jewish traditions seem very compelling.  As such, this feast has remained a “high watch” day for me as a possible shadow fulfillment with the rapture.

The shofar blasts are truly spine tingling and if you’ve never heard them I highly recommend checking them out on YouTube.  Here’s a sample:

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) – Another Last Trump contender that I have considered as a possibility is Yom Kippur.  The 10 Days between the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement are somber and reflective, during which one’s eternal fate is believed to be “sealed”.  It is said in Jewish tradition that books are opened on the day of Yom Teruah (Feast of Trumpets).  The righteous are written in the Book of Life, the wicked are written in the Book of Death, and those in limbo have ten days to repent before their fate is sealed in one book or the other.  Seal 7 seems to describe the Yom Kippur Temple ceremony in the heavenly temple, right before God’s wrath begins to rain down upon the earth.  Thus,  Yom Kippur could possibly both start and end the Tribulation period (as far as the day counts go, I believe the earth will be rocked back to 360-day-years at the time of the rapture).

The Jubilee Trump – The Trump announcing a Jubilee is a very specific loud trumpet blast [tekiah shophar] found in Leviticus 25:9.  Despite what many are teaching about this trumpet, the Jubilee Trump is sounded on Yom Kippur to mark the START of a Jubilee year, not the end of one.  The main excitement over the Jubilee cycle has come from a so-called prophecy by a Rabbi named Judah ben Samuel.  This prophecy is *HIGHLY SUSPECT* and I have detailed that here: Does Yom Kippur 2017 Mark the Loud Trump of a Jubilee?  Looking at significant dates in Israel’s history would indicate there is a possibility that 2017 could indeed start a Jubilee.  Dan Matson has done a lot of work studying this possibility at WatchForTheDay if you want to check it out.  In my opinion, the Jubilees are about Israel, and releasing her from slavery.  While gentile believers have been freed from our slavery to sin, I’m wondering if the Jubilee has more to do with the fulfillment of Daniel’s 70th week than it does about the snatching of the Bride of Christ.  As such, I personally believe the Jubilee will fall on the 6000th year of human government at the end of the Tribulation period.  (By the way, I believe we are currently in approximately year 5993 – God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity).

The Eighth Day – I personally never found the eighth day compelling as a possible rapture date.  The Feast of Tabernacles clearly is associated with the Millennial Kingdom rule of Christ, although some have suggested it could shadow fulfill by our “tabernacling” with Christ in our “chambers” during the time of tribulation (as per Isaiah 26).  It is true that there is a trumpet blast on the 8th Day of the Feast of Tabernacles, which would be the final trumpet blast of that year’s feast cycles.  It would mark the “Last Trump” of the feast year.

The Fall Feasts – Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles – point to the future completion of God’s redemptive program.  I believe the complete fulfillment of all 3 fall feasts will occur in the same year, at the Second Coming. What we don’t know is if there will be a Shadow fulfillment of these feasts, or not.  I have studied them in the past here:

  1. The Feasts of God – His Appointed Times
  2. The Harvest of the Church and the Fulfillment of the Feasts of God 
  3. Jewish Traditions in the Fall Feasts
  4. Yom Kippur – Do We Go Up As Wrath Comes Down?

With the fall feasts discussed, let’s examine the possibility that the “Last Trump” is not connected to a Feast of God at all.

No Feast – Hillary MC recently posted an interesting study in which she suggests that BOTH the First and Last Trumps will sound at the time of the rapture, perhaps not in connection with any Feast Date:

Look at the order:
  1. The dead in Christ rise first
  2. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds
Or, look at it another way:
  1. The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible (the dead rise before we do)
  2. We who are alive and remain shall be changed at the last trump
See it?
  1. The trumpet shall sound (this is the first trump): the dead rise and the corruptible puts on incorruptible
  2. The trumpet sounds again (this is the last trump) and we shall be changed: this mortal puts on immortality and we are caught up together with them to meet the Lord in the air.

There are two trumpets for the rapture. Or two trumpet blasts: a first one and a last one. The first, for the dead in Christ. The last, for we who are alive and remain.

“And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.” (Numbers 10:1-3)
Who is The Door?
Source: https://www.facebook.com/notes/hillary-mc/what-is-the-last-trump-of-the-rapture-of-the-church/187206301889451/

With all these possibilities discussed, I personally believe that the “Last Trump” is connected to the Feasts of God as well as to the Rapture of the Church.  The challenge has been how to demonstrate this connection in scripture.  I believe the key might be contained in Joel chapter 2, with the Trumpet being blown in Zion.

What’s That You’re Blowing?

When we examined the Feast of Trumpets earlier, we noted that the “day of blowing” was to be with the trumpets, or with shouting [teruah, H8643].  

Strong’s Concordance
teruah: a shout or blast of war, alarm, or joy

Original Word: תְּרוּעָה
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: teruah
Phonetic Spelling: (ter-oo-aw’)
Short Definition: shout

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from rua
Definition
a shout or blast of war, alarm, or joy
NASB Translation
alarm (5), battle cry (2), blowing (1), blowing trumpets (1), joy (1), joyful sound (1), resounding (1), shout (10), shout of alarm (1), shout of joy (1), shouted (1), shouting (4), shouts of joy (1), signal (1), trumpet blast (1), war cries (2), war cry (1).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/8643.htm

This word is used on a number of occasions in scripture, and is translated “the Jubilee”, blowing of trumpets, an alarm, the shout, an alarm is to be blown, a great shout (Joshua with the walls of Jericho), shouting, rejoicing, war cry, and shouts of joy.  Sometimes the blowing is via ram’s horn (shofar), sometimes by human voices, sometimes by a pair of silver trumpets, and sometimes it is unspecified.

shout.png

Digging deeper, we find that there are TWO different types of trumpets.  First, is a ram’s horn shophar.  Second, is a pair of silver trumpets.

The ram’s horn is the shophar [H7782].

Strong’s Concordance
shophar: a horn (for blowing)

Original Word: שׁוֹפָר
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: shophar
Phonetic Spelling: (sho-far’)
Short Definition: trumpet

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from shaphar
Definition
a horn (for blowing)
NASB Translation
horn (4), horns (1), ram’s horn (1), trumpet (46), trumpeter* (1), trumpets (19).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/7782.htm

shofar.jpg

This pair of silver trumpets is the chatsotsrah [H2689].

Strong’s Concordance
chatsotsrah: (an ancient) trumpet

Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: chatsotsrah
Phonetic Spelling: (khats-o-tser-aw’)
Short Definition: trumpets

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from an unused word
Definition
(an ancient) trumpet
NASB Translation
trumpet (1), trumpeters (3), trumpets (26).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/2689.htm

silver trumpets.jpg

Let’s go to a key passage in Numbers 10, which informs us that trumpets are involved in ALL the Feasts of God:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp…  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets [chatsotsrah, H2689] over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.  Numbers 10:1,10 ESV

The trumpets used to be used at the Feasts of God are the chatsotsrah, the two silver trumpets.

That’s all very nice and good, but what we really want to know is which type of trumpet is the Last Trump????  Is the Last Trump a chatsotrsrah, that will sound on a Feast Day?

For this, we need to find out what kind of trumpet the First Trump was, and when it was sounded.  I do not believe that the First and Last Trump will both be sounded at the rapture, because I believe the First Trump has already sounded – on Pentecost!

Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

What is the “Last Trump” of the Rapture of the Church?  (Hillary MC)

The Last Trump of the Rapture Explained (Beginning and End)

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 

Pentecost Part 7 – A Picture of a Pentecost Rapture in Hebrews 12

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,  and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel. 

Hebrews 12:22-24 ESV

My dear watchmen, how have we not seen this???  Is this not clearly a rapture passage?  When is it that we will come to the heavenly Mount Zion and the city of the living God?  When do we enter our chambers, the ones that Jesus has been preparing for us in the Heavenly Jerusalem?  When will we attend a festal gathering?  When will the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven assemble?  Surely this is describing the rapture!

Mount Zion and the Heavenly City of Jerusalem

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem…

In my Father’s house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I go to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you to myself, that where I am you may be also. John 14:2-3 ESV

But our citizenship is in heaven, and from it we await a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ,  who will transform our lowly body to be like his glorious body, by the power that enables him even to subject all things to himself.  Philippians 3:20-21 ESV

Come, my people, enter your chambers,
    and shut your doors behind you;
hide yourselves for a little while
    until the fury has passed by.
For behold, the Lord is coming out from his place
    to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity,
and the earth will disclose the blood shed on it,
    and will no more cover its slain.  Isaiah 26:20-21 ESV

Blow the trumpet in Zion;
    consecrate a fast;
call a solemn assembly;
     gather the people.
Consecrate the congregation;
    assemble the elders;
gather the children,
    even nursing infants.
Let the bridegroom leave his room,
    and the bride her chamber.  Joel 2:15-17 ESV

“Come, I will show you the Bride, the wife of the Lamb.”  And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great, high mountain, and showed me the holy city Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from God,  having the glory of God, its radiance like a most rare jewel, like a jasper, clear as crystal.  Revelation 21:9-11 ESV

We will live in our Father’s house, in the heavenly Jerusalem, on the heavenly Mount Zion.  At some point (I believe after the Millennial Kingdom when the new heaven and new earth are made) it will come down out of heaven.

mount zion

Festal Gathering

…and to innumerable angels in festal gathering…

Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.  Revelation 19:9 ESV

Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and hold fast to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh.”  This mystery is profound, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church.  Ephesians 5:31-32 ESV

And while they were going to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut.  Matthew 25:10 ESV

Remember in Part 1 of our study, we noted that on the original Pentecost (Shavuot), the elders of Israel ascended Mount Sinai to eat a “covenant affirmation” meal with the LORD?

Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up,  and they saw the God of Israel. There was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness.  And he did not lay his hand on the chief men of the people of Israel; they beheld God, and ate and drank.  Exodus 24:9-11 ESV

Assembly of the Firstborn

…and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven…

Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him… 2 Thessalonians 2:1 ESV

Our assembly is described in the interlinear as Strong’s #3831:

panéguris: a festal assembly

Original Word: πανήγυρις, εως, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: panéguris
Phonetic Spelling: (pan-ay’-goo-ris)
Short Definition: a festival assembly
Definition: a festival assembly.

HELPS Word-studies

3831 panḗgyris (from 3956 /pás, “all” and 58 /agorá, “the public square, meeting place”) – properly, an assembly-place where people met for a common purpose, especially to celebrate (commemorate) or be festive (BAGD).

Source: http://biblehub.com/greek/3831.htm

“Your heart must not be troubled. Believe in God; believe also in Me.  In My Father’s house are many dwelling places; if not, I would have told you. I am going away to prepare a place for you.  If I go away and prepare a place for you, I will come back and receive you to Myself, so that where I am you may be also.”  John 14:1-3 NKJV 

Note how Jesus will receive us unto Himself as you read the next passage.

Two men will be in the field; one will be taken [received] and the other left.  Two women will be grinding with a hand mill; one will be taken [received] and the other left.  Matthew 24:40-41; Mark 13:34-35 ESV  

Interestingly, the word used, paralambanetai, is used elsewhere to represent “received” – as in, the ones taken will be received unto the Lamb.  Our reception into heaven is when we are taken from the earth and assemble together before the Lamb.  That we are enrolled in heaven means that we are in the Lamb’s book of life from the foundation of the world (Rev 17:8).

God, the Judge of All

…and to God, the judge of all…

I believe this is a reference to the Judgment Seat of Christ, where saints will receive or lose their rewards:

And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment, so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.  Hebrews 9:27-28 ESV

For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil. (2 Corinthians 5:10 ESV)

Why do you pass judgment on your brother? Or you, why do you despise your brother? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of God;  for it is written,  “As I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.” So then each of us will give an account of himself to God.  (Romans 14:10-12 ESV)

Now if anyone builds on the foundation with gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, straw—each one’s work will become manifest, for the Day will disclose it, because it will be revealed by fire, and the fire will test what sort of work each one has done.  If the work that anyone has built on the foundation survives, he will receive a reward.  If anyone’s work is burned up, he will suffer loss, though he himself will be saved, but only as through fire. (1 Corinthians 3:12-15 ESV)

Do you not know that in a race all the runners run, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it.  Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable.  (1 Corinthians 9:24-25 ESV)

Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to me on that day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearing. (2 Timothy 4:8 ESV)

Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive the crown of life, which God has promised to those who love him. (James 1:12 ESV)   (Also Rev 2:10  Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life. ESV)

And when the chief Shepherd appears, you will receive the unfading crown of glory. (1 Peter 5:4 ESV)

Look! I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me to repay each person according to what he has done. (Revelation 22:12 ESV)

I believe that the Day of Christ is the heavenly track while the Day of the Lord runs its course on earth.   The Day of Christ is the day of redemption of the saints, when the “age of grace” is complete and the true body of Christ is called up to join Jesus in glory.  The Day of the Lord is the day of judgment for those who “refused to love the truth and so be saved”.

Spirits of the Righteous Made Perfect

..and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect…

I believe this is related to our complete redemption through the blood of the Lamb.

Listen! I am telling you a mystery:  We will not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet.  For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we will be changed.  For this corruptible must be clothed with incorruptibility, and this mortal must be clothed with immortality.  When this corruptible is clothed with incorruptibility, and this mortal is clothed with immortality, then the saying that is written will take place:

Death has been swallowed up in victory.
Death, where is your victory?
Death, where is your sting?

1 Corinthians 15:51-55 ESV

And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption.  Ephesians 4:30 ESV

In him we have redemption through his bloodthe forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace,  which he lavished upon us, in all wisdom and insight  making known to us the mystery of his will, according to his purpose, which he set forth in Christ as a plan for the fullness of time, to unite all things in him, things in heaven and things on earth. In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, so that we who were the first to hope in Christ might be to the praise of his glory.  In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.  Ephesians 1:7-14 ESV

Jesus, the Mediator of a New Covenant

…and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant…

Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant. For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established.  For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive. Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood.  For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,  saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.  And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship.  Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins. Thus it was necessary for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.  For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.  Nor was it to offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with blood not his own,  for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.  And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,  so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.  Hebrews 9:15-28 ESV

The Sprinkled Blood

…and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel. 

The sprinkled blood refers back to the blood of the Lamb, Jesus, the mediator of the New Covenant.  The blood of Abel refers to the purpose of the Day of the Lord, which is to cleanse the earth of its’ bloodguilt and wickedness and punish those who refused to love the truth and be saved (2 Thessalonians 2:12).

The Pentecost Connection

Ok, you are saying, I can see the rapture here, with our assembling together in heaven at the redemption of our bodies.  But where does Pentecost fit in?  For this we turn to the entire passage to ascertain context:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  

The passage starts out describing the giving of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai on what day?  PENTECOST.  It continues with no interruption:

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,  and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

This is the rapture connection we have discussed above.  And what follows?  Keep going…

See that you do not refuse him who is speaking. For if they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape if we reject him who warns from heaven.  At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”  This phrase, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of things that are shaken—that is, things that have been made—in order that the things that cannot be shaken may remain.  Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe,  for our God is a consuming fire.  Hebrews 12:18-29 ESV

Did you note the connection which confirms that the author is connecting the escaping at Mount Sinai and the escaping what is to come next?  The author then describes a shaking of the heavens and the earth, to remove the powers from them in order to establish Jesus’ Kingdom that will never be shaken!  We know that at the rapture there is an escape route, followed by a time of wrath on earth.

But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.  

Luke 21:36 ESV

The giving of the Law on Mount Sinai was a somber and dramatic occasion, ON PENTECOST, which the author of Hebrews ties together with a future festal gathering in heaven as an escape, followed by a shaking of the heavens and the earth.  Could this be a clue that this gathering will also occur on a future PENTECOST, followed by a time of tribulation on earth?

Let’s examine the connection of Hebrews 12 to the Day of the Lord to see if we are on the right track:

Pentecost Part 8 – Pentecost, Joel 2, and the Coming of the Day of the Lord

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

The Day of Christ- BEMA Seat

The Millennial Kingdom

Who Will Stand Before the Son of Man?  Examining Luke 21:36

What’s Shaking?  The Earth, The Heavens, or Both?

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 

7 Trumpets, With 3 Woes

Now the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared to blow them. The first angel blew his trumpet, and there followed hail and fire, mixed with blood, and these were thrown upon the earth. And a third of the earth was burned up, and a third of the trees were burned up, and all green grass was burned up. The second angel blew his trumpet, and something like a great mountain, burning with fire, was thrown into the sea, and a third of the sea became blood.  A third of the living creatures in the sea died, and a third of the ships were destroyed. The third angel blew his trumpet, and a great star fell from heaven, blazing like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of water.  The name of the star is Wormwood. A third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the water, because it had been made bitter. The fourth angel blew his trumpet, and a third of the sun was struck, and a third of the moon, and a third of the stars, so that a third of their light might be darkened, and a third of the day might be kept from shining, and likewise a third of the night. Then I looked, and I heard an eagle crying with a loud voice as it flew directly overhead, “Woe, woe, woe to those who dwell on the earth, at the blasts of the other trumpets that the three angels are about to blow!” And the fifth angel blew his trumpet, and I saw a star fallen from heaven to earth, and he was given the key to the shaft of the bottomless pit. He opened the shaft of the bottomless pit, and from the shaft rose smoke like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened with the smoke from the shaft.  Then from the smoke came locusts on the earth, and they were given power like the power of scorpions of the earth.  They were told not to harm the grass of the earth or any green plant or any tree, but only those people who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads.  They were allowed to torment them for five months, but not to kill them, and their torment was like the torment of a scorpion when it stings someone.  And in those days people will seek death and will not find it. They will long to die, but death will flee from them. In appearance the locusts were like horses prepared for battle: on their heads were what looked like crowns of gold; their faces were like human faces,  their hair like women’s hair, and their teeth like lions’ teeth;  they had breastplates like breastplates of iron, and the noise of their wings was like the noise of many chariots with horses rushing into battle.  They have tails and stings like scorpions, and their power to hurt people for five months is in their tails.  They have as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit. His name in Hebrew is Abaddon, and in Greek he is called Apollyon. The first woe has passed; behold, two woes are still to come. Then the sixth angel blew his trumpet, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God,  saying to the sixth angel who had the trumpet, “Release the four angels who are bound at the great river Euphrates.”  So the four angels, who had been prepared for the hour, the day, the month, and the year, were released to kill a third of mankind.  The number of mounted troops was twice ten thousand times ten thousand; I heard their number. And this is how I saw the horses in my vision and those who rode them: they wore breastplates the color of fire and of sapphire and of sulfur, and the heads of the horses were like lions’ heads, and fire and smoke and sulfur came out of their mouths.  By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed, by the fire and smoke and sulfur coming out of their mouths.  For the power of the horses is in their mouths and in their tails, for their tails are like serpents with heads, and by means of them they wound. The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands nor give up worshiping demons and idols of gold and silver and bronze and stone and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk,  nor did they repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts. Then the seventh angel blew his trumpet, and there were loud voices in heaven, saying, “The kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of our Lord and of his Christ, and he shall reign forever and ever.”  Then God’s temple in heaven was opened, and the ark of his covenant was seen within his temple. There were flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.   (Revelation 8:6-9:21, 11:15,19 ESV)

The Heavenly Yom Kippur Ceremony

After the silence from Seal 7, seven angels are given seven trumpets.  An 8th angel comes and stands at the altar and offers incense with the prayers of the saints before the throne of God.  The angel then takes fire from the altar and throws it to the earth – resulting in lightning, thunder, and an earthquake.  The silence has been broken!

This event is significant in that it is the heavenly enactment of the Yom Kippur temple ritual.  On Yom Kippur, the Day of Judgment, incense is offered with sacrifices by the high priest to offer atonement for the people.  It is the ONLY day of the year that the High Priest can enter the Holy of Holies, and as such, it is the most solemn and significant day on the Hebrew calendar.  It would seem that the wrath of God cannot begin until this ceremony is performed in the heavenlies.  The prayers of the 5th Seal martyred saints are about to be answered!  God’s judgment is about to be released upon the world.

The Trumpet Judgments

In Revelation Chapter 8-9 , 11 we are introduced to the Trumpet Judgments.  Let’s summarize these first and then discuss them in more detail.

  1. Trumpet 1 – Hail and fire mingled with blood, 1/3 of trees burned, all green grass burned
  2. Trumpet 2 – Great Mountain burning with fire cast into sea, 1/3 sea becomes blood
  3. Trumpet 3 – Great star falls from heaven, 1/3 of fresh water made bitter
  4. Trumpet 4 – 1/3 of light from the sun, moon, and stars is dimmed
  5. Trumpet 5 – Woe 1 – Demonic army is unleashed from the abyss and tortures men for 5 months.  They are not allowed to touch the sealed 144,000.
  6. Trumpet 6 – Woe 2 – Demonic army of 200,000,000 is unleashed from the region of the Euphrates, where they have been bound, and kills 1/3 of humanity.
  7. Trumpet 7 – Woe 3 – Lightnings, voices, thunderings, earthquake, great hail.  Contains the 7 bowl judgments, which complete the wrath of God.

Let’s delve further into the first 4 Trumpet Judgments – the Judgment of Thirds:

First Trumpet – Land Judgment – Hail and Fire, mixed with Blood – 1/3 of earth, trees, and green grass burned up

Hail and fire are frequent accompaniments of severe electrical storms.  Will this judgment involve severe global thunderstorms with lightning and resultant forest and grass fire activity?  Worldwide volcanic eruptions could represent the blood (reminiscent of Joel 2:30 – blood and fire and billows of smoke).  Alternately, blood could be describing the death that results from the hail and fire.  Blood is important in the description, because the Day of the Lord is about purging the land of its’ blood guilt.  However 1/3 of the earth, trees, and grass is burned, it will be devastating to the animals and humans that are yet alive.  Food will become even more scarce and the death toll from famine will increase.

Second trumpet – Sea Judgment – Great Mountain of Fire Thrown into Sea – 1/3 of sea became blood, 1/3 sea creatures died, 1/3 ships destroyed

The object plunging into the sea appears like a great mountain burning with fire – the most probable explanation is an asteroid or giant meteorite (the size of a mountain), surrounded by flaming gases.  The devastation will spread worldwide and affect 1/3 of the seas – the contaminated water (blood) will kill 1/3 of the creatures and the giant waves that result (like tsunamis) will capsize 1/3 of the ships.  Again, note the blood – this time in the sea.

Third Trumpet – Fresh Water Judgment – Flaming object from space poisons 1/3 of fresh water

This is likely a meteor or comet (burning like a torch), which breaks up in the atmosphere.  The fiery debris contaminates 1/3 of the fresh water around the globe.  Wormwood is a toxic plant, and is associated with bitterness, poison, and death in the OT.  I’m not sure that the wormwood toxin will be the actual poison, or if it has been selected to represent some type of severe bitter judgment on the fresh water (possibly nuclear).  It will be very difficult to obtain enough uncontaminated water to drink, and this will result in much animal and human suffering and death.

Fourth Trumpet – Heavens Judgment – Sun, moon, and stars darkened – Light is dimmed by 1/3

Light from the celestial bodies is darkened by 1/3, possibly by disruptions in the earth’s atmosphere.  The loss of heat from the sun will cause temperatures to plunge drastically all over the world.  Weather patterns will be severely disrupted, leading to violent and unpredictable storms.  Agriculture will be affected.  For further research on how atmospheric disturbance from something like ash (from Trumpet 1?) can affect weather patterns and agriculture, you can look up “Nuclear Winter”.

 

Now let’s discuss the final 3 Trumpet Judgments, also known as the “Woe Judgments”:

Fifth Trumpet (First Woe) – Demonic Locust Army Stings Humans for 5 months – death suspended

Satan will have been already permanently cast down to the earth [see further details in Rev 12:7-9], and is now given the key to the abyss to release its inmates (fallen angels).  These appear resembling locusts, which swarm out from the abyss to plague the people of the earth with painful stings for 5 months.  The normal lifespan of a locust is from May to September – maybe this is when they will appear?

There is no weapon that can harm them, and no cure for their torment.  People will seek death (suicide?) but it will not be granted to them – Satan is holding the key to hell during that time and no one will enter.  Note that the demons will not be allowed to affect the 144,000 Jews who have been sealed by God, placing the timing of this judgment after their sealing but before their martyrdom (Revelation 15).  The locust army is not allowed to affect the physical world (grass, trees, greenery), which physical locusts would normally consume.  Thus we can know that these are not literal locusts, but locust-like beings.

That this army is controlled by God is confirmed by Joel chapter 2, which discusses this attack in detail. – “4They have the appearance of horses; they gallop along like cavalry. With a noise like that of chariots they leap over the mountaintops, like a crackling fire consuming stubble,  like a mighty army drawn up for battle. At the sight of them, nations are in anguish; every face turns pale.They charge like warriors; they scale walls like soldiers. They all march in line, not swerving from their course.They do not jostle each other; each marches straight ahead. They plunge through defenses without breaking ranks.They rush upon the city; they run along the wall. They climb into the houses; like thieves they enter through the windows.10 Before them the earth shakes, the heavens tremble, the sun and moon are darkened, and the stars no longer shine.11  The  Lord  thunders at the head of his army; his forces are beyond number, and mighty is the army that obeys his command.  The day of the Lord is great; it is dreadful. Who can endure it?”  (Joel 2:4-11 ESV)

The army is all consuming, just as literal locusts consume all vegetation.  Note that the earth is shaking, the heavens are trembling, the sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars are not shining.  The Day of the Lord is a time of darkness, throughout much of its course. This darkness may also indicate that T5 closely follows T4, or that the sheer number of demons roaming about literally darken the skies – YIKES!

Even yet God will call people to repent –  “Even now,” declares the Lord, “return to me with all your heart, with fasting and weeping and mourning.” Rend your heart and not your garments. Return to the Lord your God, for he is gracious and compassionate, slow to anger and abounding in love, and he relents from sending calamity.”  (Joel 2:12-13. ESV)  Even in judgment, God extends His mercy.  During the trumpets, repentance is still possible.

Sixth Trumpet (Second Woe) – Demonic Army Unleashed – 1/3 of mankind slaughtered

Here is yet another “one third” judgment.  Four angels, who have been prepared specifically for this hour and day and month and year, are released from their bindings (indicating that they are fallen angels – holy angels are not bound).  The time has come for them to enact judgment upon the earth in accordance with God’s purposes.  This demonic army of 200,000,000 is released from the Euphrates river area and sent forth to slaughter 1/3 of mankind – death has returned to the earth.

It appears that this demonic army might consist of the fallen Watchers (from Genesis 6). These have been kept in chains until the judgment of the great Day – The Day of the Lord. And the angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day— (Jude 1:6 ESV) and For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment” (2 Peter 2:4 ESV)

The number of bodies piled up is difficult to fathom.  Still – the bulk of humanity does not repent or turn to God.  “The rest of mankind, who were not killed by these plagues, did not repent of the works of their hands nor give up worshiping demons and idols of gold and silver and bronze and stone and wood, which cannot see or hear or walk,  nor did they repent of their murders or their sorceries or their sexual immorality or their thefts.” (Rev 9:20-21 ESV).  It’s shocking, but people will be so passionate about believing the lie of Satan that they will continue to stubbornly reject God.

Seventh Trumpet (Third Woe) – Flashes of lighting, rumblings, peals of thunder, earthquake, heavy hail – Contains the 7 Bowl Judgments

Before the 7th Trumpet is blown, there is a pause in the Revelation narrative as several other events are described.  At the blowing, loud voices proclaim that the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of Christ – it is certain, and it is coming to fulfillment.  There are flashes of lightning, rumblings, peals of thunder, an earthquake, and heavy hail.

The process that Trumpet 7 announces will take a number of days.  The seventh trumpet heralds in the final events leading up to Jesus taking His earthly kingdom, and allows the 7 Bowls to be poured out.  We are told in Revelation 10:7 that in the days of the trumpet call to be sounded by the seventh angel, the mystery of God would be fulfilled.  This mystery is the redemption of all of creation, which began at the cross and is about to be completed!

In heaven, we will be rejoicing.  The elders praise God who was and who is, but notably missing is the “who is to come”.  With the 7th trumpet, the “is to come” has arrived – it is finished!  The kingdom Christ paid for with His blood is now going to be claimed.  There is a stark contrast on earth, where the nations are enraged.

7 Trumpets Timeframe

I believe the Trumpet Judgments occur sequentially as described.  Trumpets 1-4 could happen in very quick succession as they seem related to each other by similar space/atmospheric events.  How soon these happen after Seal 6 depends on how long the “approximate half hour of silence” is from Seal 7.

I discuss this more in my post on Seal 7, but possibilities for when the Trumpets begin to sound include:

  • These may occur very soon after the rapture / seal 6 earthquake events
  • They may start 7 days later, similar to Noah being sealed in the ark 7 days before the flood began
  • They may start 10 days later, representing the “10 Days of Awe” between the Feast of Trumpets and Yom Kippur
  • They may begin on Yom Kippur…and they might not; we simply are not told for sure
  • They may begin halfway through the first half of the 70th Week of Daniel

We are not told how long it is after Trumpet 4 that Trumpet 5 sounds, but the duration of Trumpet 5 is given as 5 months.  This is the first woe.

At the completion of the 5 month period of Trumpet 5, Trumpet 6 sounds.  We are not told the duration of Trumpet 6, but we do know when it is completed.  In Revelation chapter 11, we find out that the 6th Trumpet (2nd woe) ends after the 2 witnesses from God have been killed and resurrected from the dead 3.5 days later.  The antichrist likely proclaims himself to be “god” and commits the “abomination of desolation” while the 2 witnesses are lying dead.  Thus, whenever the 6th Trumpet Judgment begins, it appears to end approximately 3.5 days after the antichrist declares himself to be “god”.  We know that this event occurs halfway through the 70th Week of Daniel (7 year time period commonly called the “Tribulation”).

It’s entirely probable that there is a long pause in between the completion of Trumpet 6 and the sounding of Trumpet 7.  This would allow for the Beast to set up his rule and persecute the saints.   At the blowing of Trumpet 7, loud voices proclaim that the kingdom of the world has become the kingdom of Christ – it is certain, and it is coming to fulfillment.  The 7th Trumpet ushers in the 7 Bowl Judgments, and as such, I believe is likely near the end of the Beast’s rule.

Zechariah 14 tells us that before Jesus comes with His holy ones, the Mount of Olives will be split into two – from East to West – to allow the Hebrews one final chance to flee before a great (the greatest ever) earthquake of Bowl 7 occurs.  I’m postulating that the earthquake of Trumpet 7 is the one that splits the Mount of Olives.  I believe this is Jesus calling to the elect remnant in Jerusalem, “Come Out of Her, My People!”, right before the destruction of Mystery Babylon (end-times city of Jerusalem).  Anyone who obeys would be spared from God’s final outpouring of wrath, and it seems that half the city might actually listen!

1/3 Judgments

One other point I would like to make about the Trumpets is that #1-4 and #6 are “1/3 Judgments”.  The end times connection to “1/3” is found in Revelation 12:3, where it describes the dragon as dragging 1/3 of the angels down to the earth with him.  Most see this as the fall of Satan and the other fallen angels.

Trumpets 1-4 may relate to this casting down of satan and the fallen angels somehow, which is further described in Revelation 12.  Perhaps the battle between Michael and the holy angels and Satan and the unholy angels occurs in the heavenly “silence” of Seal 7 during the Days of Awe, and they are ousted on Yom Kippur just in time to experience the 1/3 judgments on earth??   If there is any truth to the “Planet X” theory, Trumpets 1-4 seem to accompany it.

Trumpet 6 results in the slaying of 1/3 of humanity by a gigantic army that I believe is demonic.

Do the 7 Trumpet Judgments contain God’s wrath?

We have already examined the effects of the 7 Seals on the earth as being a result of the removal of the restraint of the Holy Spirit through the body of Christ.  The Seals are not wrath, but at their opening, the inhabitants of earth recognize that the time of God’s wrath has arrived:

When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood,  and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale.  The sky vanished like a scroll that is being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.  Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains,  calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb,  for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?”  Revelation 6:12-17 ESV

The upcoming 7 Bowls are unequivocably wrath, as it states plainly that they are in scripture:

“Then I saw another sign in heaven, great and amazing, seven angels with seven plagues, which are the last, for with them the wrath of God is finished.” (Rev 15:1 ESV)

What about the 7 Trumpets?  Are these merely “judgment”, or are they “wrath”?

In Revelation 15, John states that the angels holding the 7 Bowls are the LAST, which strongly supports the view that the Seals, Trumpets, and Bowls are chronological and not concurrent.  It also confirms that the Trumpets, at least, were also wrath.  The Bowls can’t be “last”, if nothing else came before them as “first”.  The Seals, as we have discussed separately, are different in form and while terrible, appear to signify the removal of restraint more than active “wrath”.  Thus, I believe that the Seals are a consequence of an event (the rapture of the church), and that the Trumpets and Bowls are the Wrath of God, contained within the Day of the Lord.

Conclusion

The Seals involve the removal of God’s light from the earth when the church is raptured.  The Trumpets seem to involve the resultant infiltration of darkness as the earth is overcome by satan’s presence and deception. There is apparent connection between the 1/3 of angels that fall and the Trumpet judgments, as T1-T4 and T6 all involve “1/3’s”.  Trumpets 5&6 seemingly involve demonic armies carrying out judgment according to God’s purposes.  Trumpet 7 announces the final days when Jesus will take hold of His kingdom!  For these reasons, I believe the Trumpet Judgments span the majority of the 7-year “Tribulation”, the Time of Jacob’s Trouble.  It’s possible that trumpets 1-6 encompass the first half, and Trumpet 7 comes near the very end of the second half.


Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

Seals, Sealing, and the Ministry of the Holy Spirit

The Four Horsemen – Seals 1-4

The Martyrs Under the Altar – Seal 5

The Blood Moon – Seal 6

Heavenly Silence – Seal 7

The Day of the Lord

7 Bowls/Vials of Wrath

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

trumpet