Chasing Pentecost 2019

Hello fellow watchmen/women!

Pentecost, or the “Feast of Weeks”, is only a few weeks away and is the highest watch date of the year in my opinion!  In my article series on Pentecost, I discussed how this feast, like Feast of Trumpets, is one where we do not know the exact “day or hour” it is to be celebrated.  This is because instead of God placing it on a certain date, it is based on a calculation.  Fascinating, huh?  Its name as the “feast of weeks” stems from how it is to be calculated:  seven weeks after the waving of the Omer (Firstfruits sheaf of grain offering).

In Deuteronomy, the Israelites are told to “count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain” (Deut 16:9 ESV).

Pentecost came exactly 7 weeks after the first harvest of barley, waved as a Firstfruits offering to God during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

“You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath.” (Leviticus 23:15 ESV)

So, when is Pentecost 2019?  Well, once we know the first day of the year (Nisan 1), it should be easy to calculate, shouldn’t it?  You’d think so… but the different Jewish sects developed their own ways of doing things.  Which sect is most accurate?  Which one does God go by?  We cannot know for sure, so I will calculate them all!  Fortunately, this year the leap year was agreed upon by all and this makes our calculations easier.

Pentecost 2019

Sadduccees:  June 9, 2019 (6 Sivan)

Pharisees:  June 9, 2019 (6 Sivan)

Essenes:  June 16, 2019 (13 Sivan)

Karaites: June 9, 2019 (6 Sivan)

I personally believe the Karaites’ method is likely most accurate, and will be high watching June 9, 2019 for Pentecost.

How did I get to these calculations?  Keep reading….

New Moon or First Sliver?

For all of you who have been following “high watch dates”, you are aware that there are calendar discrepancies.  Not only between the Hebrew and Gregorian calendars, but within the Hebrew calendar itself.  We have discussed the “missing years” in other posts, but for our purpose here – finding Pentecost – we need to look at establishing the correct months so we can start adding in our feasts.

As we learned from the Fall Feasts, the Hebrew calendar is heavily tied into the moon phases. The start of each month is determined by the new moon. It seems there is some uncertainty as to whether the start of the month was determined by the New Moon itself or by the First Sliver of Crescent Moon, and may have differed between Jewish sects. The viewing of the first sliver of crescent seems to be the most heavily referenced and documented. The teaching that the Hebrew months went by full moons instead of new moons seems to stem from Seventh Day Adventist teachings and is incorrect as far as I can determine.

From Chabad (Orthodox Jewish website):

The Jewish calendar is based on lunar cycles. Towards the beginning of the moon’s cycle, it appears as a thin crescent. That is the signal for a new Jewish month. The moon grows until it is full, the middle of the month, and then it begins to wane until it cannot be seen. It remains invisible for approximately two day—and then the thin crescent reappears, and the cycle begins again.

“The L‑rd spoke to Moses and to Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, ‘This chodesh shall be to you the head of months.’” (Exodus 12:1–2)

From the wording of this verse, “shall be to you,” the sages deduced that the responsibility of pinpointing and consecrating the chodesh, the crescent new moon, was entrusted to the leaders of our nation, the Sanhedrin, the rabbinical supreme court of every generation.

Originally, there was no fixed calendar. There was no way to determine in advance the exact day of a coming holiday or bar mitzvah, because there was no way to determine in advance when the month would begin. Each month anew, the Sanhedrin would determine whether the month would be 29 or 30 days long—depending on when the following month’s new moon was first sighted—and would sanctify the new month.

In the 4th century CE, the sage Hillel II foresaw the disbandment of the Sanhedrin, and understood that we would no longer be able to follow a Sanhedrin-based calendar. So Hillel and his rabbinical court established the perpetual calendar which is followed today.

When Hillel established the perpetual calendar, he sanctified every Rosh Chodesh until Moshiach will come and reestablish the Sanhedrin.

Source: https://www.chabad.org/library/article_cdo/aid/526874/jewish/The-Jewish-Month.htm

What I have referenced in this post is the first sighting of crescent sliver as I believe this to be most accurate, but I will place dark new moon dates in brackets in case you are interested. The first sliver was determined by 2 witnesses visually sighting the first sliver of moon after the new moon by the unaided eye. I have estimated this at around 1% illumination, although some sources state it might be closer to 2.5%. Of course there are many factors other than illumination, including moonset and moonrise times, glare, humidity, fog, clouds, dust, etc that can affect first sighting.

[T]he new moon began when the thin crescent of the new moon was first visible at sunset. (Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, vol 1, p. 266)

[T]he ancient Jewish calendar depended not on mathematical calculations and arrangements, but was set from month to month according to the physical appearance of the new moon. Witnesses who had seen the first sign of the crescent on the horizon after sunset were expected to report the fact to the authorities, who thereupon published throughout the country the fact that the new month had begun. (The Pharisees, by Louis Finkelstein, p. 601, Jewish Publication Society, 1938, Philadelphia., based on talmudic literature)

Until Hillel II instituted a permanent calendar based on calculations (ca. 360), the fixing of the new moon was determined by observation and the evidence of witnesses. During the earlier period, the practice of adding a second day to festivals … was introduced for communities lying at a distance from Palestine, because it was doubtful on precisely which of the two days the new moon occurred.” (Encyclopedia of the Jewish Religion, p. 78; Massada-P.E.C. Press Ltd, 1965., based on talmudic tradition)

In old Israel the new moon—the day after the crescent was first sighted in the sky—was celebrated by sacrifices and feasting…” (Judaism, by George Foot Moore, professor of the history of religion, Harvard, vol 2, p. 22, based on talmudic literature)

[T]he ancient Jewish calendar depended not on mathematical calculations and arrangements, but was set from month to month according the physical appearance of the new moon. Witnesses who had seen the first sign of the crescent on the horizon after sunset were expected to report the fact to the authorities, who there upon published throughout the country the fact that a new month had begun. The year consisted of 12 months whose limits were determined by these observations. But, since the lunar year consists of only 354 days, eleven less than the solar year, it was necessary from time to time to “intercalate” a thirteenth month before the Passover, to prevent its being moved back into the winter. This intercalary month was a “second Adar” and was added whenever a consideration of the sun’s position in the heavens, the state of the crops, or the newborn lambs, made it appear necessary.” (The Pharisees, pp. 601–602, by Louis Finkelstein, professor of theology at Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Jewish Publication Society of America, 1938., based on talmudic literature)

“The phases of the moon could easily be recognized by everybody. The new moon indicated the beginning of the month.… Though the ‘new moon’ could be observed by every individual, to prevent any mistake or doubt the duty of fixing the new month was assigned to a rabbinical council in Jerusalem. Their decision was subject to the testimony of two reliable witnesses. As soon as their reports have been received and checked by astronomical calculation, an official message was sent out by chains of fire signals” (The Judaic Heritage, by Rabbi Dr. R. Brasch, pp. 22, 24, based on talmudic literature)

“The sighting of the lunar crescent within one day of New Moon is usually difficult. The crescent at this time is quite thin, has a low surface brightness, and can easily be lost in the twilight. Generally, the lunar crescent will become visible to suitably-located, experienced observers with good sky conditions about one day after New Moon. However, the time that the crescent actually becomes visible varies quite a bit from one month to another. Naked-eye sightings as early as 15.5 hours after New Moon have been reliably reported while observers with telescopes have made reliable reports as early as 12.1 hours after New Moon. Because these observations are exceptional, crescent sightings this early in the lunar month should not be expected as the norm.” (Source: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/faq/docs/crescent.php)

How Do We Find Pentecost?

My goal this morning is to figure out the possible dates for Pentecost 2019 – what I believe is our highest watch day of the year. All dates listed here start at sunset Jerusalem time, which is the night before on the Gregorian calendar.

monthsarial400.jpg

First, we need to find Nisan 1 and the Feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover).

Nisan 1 – Sighting of The New Moon in Jerusalem:
April 6, 2019 (April 5 calculated 0.2% illumination; April 6 calculated 1.3% illumination) – Source (TimeandDate)

This result was confirmed visually on April 6, 2019 by Renewed Moon.

For these reasons I will base 1 Nisan as April 6, 2019.  This year, there is no secondary calculation required, as there is agreement that Adar II (leap month) was required.  Thus, all the Jewish date calculators are in agreement (for once!).  Screenshot below, Hebcal, Chabad, and AISH confirm Renewed Moon’s dates above.

Ok, so we have our head of the year (Rosh Chodesh) established.  Now let’s work to determine Passover and Pentecost!

In my article on Pentecost Part 5 – The Counting of the Omer – Day and Hour Unknown?, I discussed how the Jewish sects determine the date of Pentecost differently.  So we’re going to calculate all of them here!

“Unlike the other mo’edim given in the Torah, however, Shavuot has no explicit date but must be inferred from Leviticus 23:11 and 23:15: “And from the day on which you bring the omer offering – the day after the Sabbath – you shall count off seven weeks”. The key phrase is “the day after the Sabbath”. Does this phrase refer to Sunday or perhaps to the Sabbath of Passover?”

(Source: http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Shavuot/shavuot.html)

Sadducees

The Tzaddukim (Sadducees) believed that the word “Sabbath” was used in its regular sense, as the seventh day of the week, and therefore began the countdown on the first Sunday after Passover (Talmud: Menachot 65). Now since Shavuot occurs 7 weeks later to this day, this implies that it also fell on a Sunday. Moreover, since the day of the week for Passover varies over the year, the date of Shavuot would likewise vary.

Source: http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Shavuot/shavuot.html

 

The third faction, the Sadducees, agreed with the Essenes that Shavuot must be counted from a weekly Sabbath, but disagreed as to which one. The Sadducees believed the 50-day count must begin on the weekly Sabbath that falls out during the seven-days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. According to their reckoning, the counting towards Shavuot could begin anywhere from the 15th to the 21st day of the month, depending on what day of the week the Feast of Unleavened Bread began. If Unleavened Bread began on a Sunday, the count would begin on the 15th day of the month. If Unleavened Bread began on a Saturday, the count would begin on the 16th day of the month, and so on. Based on this counting, Shavuot could fall out from the 4th to the 12th of the Third Hebrew Month. Karaite Jews have accepted the Sadducee reckoning as the only one to be consistent with the plain meaning of the biblical text.

Source: https://www.nehemiaswall.com/truth-shavuot

If we use the Sadducees method of calculating Pentecost:

April 6, 2019 – 1 Nisan [April 5 if New Moon used]

April 19, 2019 – 14 Nisan, Passover [April 18 if New Moon used]

April 20 – 26, 2019 – 15-21 Nisan, Unleavened Bread [April 19-April 25 if New Moon used]

April 21, 2019 – 16 Nisan, Firstfruits (Sunday) [unchanged]

June 9, 2019 – 6 Sivan, Pentecost [unchanged if New Moon used]

Pharisees

The Perushim (Pharisees), on the other hand, believed that “the day after the Shabbat” referred to not the weekly Sabbath but to the first day of Passover (which is a shabbaton or day of work restrictions), and therefore began counting the following day, that is, the day after Passover (which is also the second day of Unleavened Bread). This is supported in Joshua 5:11-12 when Israel first entered the land and ate of its firstfruits. Now since Passover always occurs on Nisan 15, this established a fixed date for Shavuot 49 days later on Sivan 6.

Historically, the Pharisee’s position prevailed in the Jewish tradition, and the modern Rabbinical calendar marks Shavuot on the fixed date of Sivan 6 (in May/June), exactly 49 days after the second day of Passover (Nisan 16). This accords with the testimony of first century historians Josephus and Philo, who both state that the “day after the Sabbath” meant the day after the holiday Sabbath.”

Source: http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Shavuot/shavuot.html

Note that Passover is Nisan 14 (not a No Work Day) and Unleavened Bread starts Nisan 15 (a No Work Day), so I disagree with Hebrew4Christians above. However, the end result is the same in that Pentecost / Shavuot always occurs on Sivan 6 per the Pharisees.

The Pharisees argued that Shavuot is to be counted from the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which they designated a “Sabbath.” According to the Pharisees, “morrow of the Sabbath” means the “morrow of the 1st day of Unleavened Bread.” The ancient Pharisees and their modern day successor the Orthodox rabbis begin the 50-day count to Shavuot on the second day of Unleavened Bread, which is always the 16th day of the First Hebrew Month. As a result, the Pharisee Shavuot always fell out in ancient times from the 5th to the 7th day of the Third Hebrew Month (Sivan). After the destruction of the Temple, the Pharisees became the predominant surviving faction among the Jewish leadership and their interpretation is followed by most Jews until this very day. In 359 CE, the Pharisee leader Hillel II established a pre-calculated calendar and ever since the Pharisee Shavuot has always been observed on the 6th of Sivan.

Source: https://www.nehemiaswall.com/truth-shavuot

If we use the Pharisees method of calculating Pentecost:

April 6, 2019 – 1 Nisan

April 20, 2019 – 15 Nisan, Passover, considered a Sabbath

April 20 – 26, 2019 – 15-21 Nisan, Unleavened Bread

April 20, 2019 – 15 Nisan, Firstfruits OR April 21, 2019 – 16 Nisan if ancient count used

June 9, 2019 – 6 Sivan, Pentecost OR June 10, 2019 – 7 Sivan if ancient count used

**Since 359AD, the Pharisees have always observed 6 Sivan as Pentecost regardless of the day of the week it falls on.

Essenes

The Essenes, who wrote the Dead Sea Scrolls, began the 50-day count to Shavuot on a different Sabbath from the Pharisees. In their reckoning, the Omer offering was to be brought on the morrow of the weekly Sabbath, in modern terms: “Sunday.” The Essenes began their count on the Sunday after the seven-days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. As a result, they always began their count on the 26th day of the First Hebrew Month. The Essenes had a 364-day solar calendar, which began every year on a Wednesday and had fixed lengths for each month. Based on the Essene calendar, Shavuot always fell out on the 15th day of the Third Hebrew Month. The Essenes are presumed to have been wiped out when the Romans invaded Judea in 66-74 CE and only their documents survive today.

Source: https://www.nehemiaswall.com/truth-shavuot

If we use the Essenes method of calculating Pentecost:

April 6, 2019 – 1 Nisan

April 19, 2019 – 14 Nisan, Passover

April 20 – 26, 2019 – 15-21 Nisan, Unleavened Bread

April 28, 2019 – 23 Nisan, Firstfruits (first Sunday AFTER Unleavened Bread)

June 16 – 13 Sivan, Pentecost

Karaites

The Karaites rejected both these methods but instead relied upon the sighting of the new moon (Rosh Chodesh) and the appearance of the first sheaves of barley to determine the month of Aviv and the festival of Firstfruits, respectively. After these observations, the wave offering of the firstfruits would then be presented at the temple on the day after the weekly Sabbath, and only then would the 49 day countdown to Shavuot begin. Therefore, since the appearance of the first barley sheaves is not constant, the date of Shavuot could not be foreknown with any certainty.

Source: http://www.hebrew4christians.com/Holidays/Spring_Holidays/Shavuot/shavuot.html

The Karaites agreed with the Sadducees that the Sabbath in question for the Feast of Weeks was the weekly Sabbath that fell within the feast of Unleavened Bread.  The Karaites took into account the barley ripeness to determine if it was to be a leap year or not.  This year (2019) it was clear the barley was not abib (ripe) in March and thus Adar II was added (the leap month).  The barley was clearly abib (ripe) in April.  This makes our calculation a little easier.

If we use the Karaites method of calculating Pentecost:

April 6, 2019 – 1 Nisan

April 19, 2019 – 14 Nisan, Passover

April 20 – 26, 2019 – 15-21 Nisan, Unleavened Bread

April 21, 2019 – 16 Nisan, Firstfruits (Sunday)

June 9, 2019 – 6 Sivan, Pentecost

 

pentecost


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

Moon Phase / Calendar Resources:

https://www.timeanddate.com/moon/phases/israel/jerusalem
http://renewedmoon.com/

Jewish Calculation Reckoning Resources:

Calculating FirstFruits and Shavuot (Teshuva Ministries)

The Truth About Shavuot (NehemiahsWall)

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Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church

Shavuot – Revelation and the Fruit of the Spirit (Hebrew4Christians)

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

Main Menu

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

Calendars, Calendars, Calendars… 360 Days Versus 365 Days Per Year – The Clue of Enoch

I know, I know, this is my third post on calendars.  This is the kind of person I am though, I just can’t leave a thing alone until I’ve investigated it as far as I think I can take it.  Some may call that stubborn or obsessive-compulsive… I like to think of it as… persistent 🙂  I really REALLY want to figure out what year we are in!!!  Though I know it’s not a critical issue.  We watch and we wait for the appointed time, whenever that may be.

This post involves some speculation.  If that bothers you, just scroll on….  I’m not trying to convince anyone of anything; I’m just thinking out loud!

I think many of us are aware that there are inconsistencies in the calendars that are used today and that have been used in the past.  Every Feast Day that comes up, the true calendar becomes an important consideration.  I believe that we need to use the calendar in the sun, moon, and stars – the Mazzaroth – to determine God’s timelines.  It’s the only one that humans can’t mess up 😉

So here are my suggestions:

  • It shouldn’t require complicated calculations to figure out
  • It should involve the sun, moon, and stars
  • It should be supported by scripture

I have watched several YouTube videos lately about the Enoch/Zadok calendar.  While I agree with the premise – 360-day-years – I disagree with how I’ve seen it applied so far.  Remember we are all trying our best to apply the knowledge we have been given, and I don’t claim to have any special revelation.  I’ve just been poring over the calendars and praying over them and I will keep letting you in on my thought processes.  I think more clearly when I have to write things down in a way that others might be able to follow me.  So here goes!

God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity

My first post on the calendar,  God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity, discussed how the years allotted to humanity parallel the 7 days of creation and the Sabbath cycle.

And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation. (Genesis 2:2-3 ESV)

When Adam and Eve “fell”, their “work week” began.  No longer would they enjoy the pleasures and life of ease in Eden, but would have to work, strive and toil for the essentials of life.  Ever since, all creation longs for the Sabbath rest on the 7th day.

From Jewish historical belief and from the Sabbath cycle itself, we can discern that humanity is granted approximately 7000 years of existence on Earth.  6000 years of human government + 1000 years of Jesus’ government in the Millennial Kingdom = 7000 years.

But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. (2 Peter 3:8 ESV)

The Jubilee Cycle, of 7×7 years followed by a Jubilee year, would also seem to correlate.  In Genesis 6, God said:

“My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.” (v3 ESV)

This 120 year period was likely literal, but it has been suggested that it is also representative of 120 Jubilee cycles.  120 x 50 = 6000 years.  For more on the comparisons between the days of Noah and the days we are now in, please see Noah Didn’t Have to Take Swimming Lessons.

The last thousand years, the Millennial Kingdom, will see the Earth restored to near Eden-like conditions.  For more on the Millennial Kingdom, please see The Millennial Kingdom.

In summary, I would agree with the scholars who suggest that humanity has 6000 years allotted before Jesus’ Millennial Kingdom rule.  I would also agree that the Jubilee cycle likely ends on the 6000th year, ushering in the eternal Jubilee and the 7th Day of Rest for humanity.  This would place the Jubilee at the Second Coming of Christ – Year 6000.  In theory the Rapture should be at year 5993 and the Second Coming at year 6000.  

Biblical Genealogies

Remember all the begats and the age counts in Genesis?  These are actually extremely useful pieces of information when determining the age of the Earth, the timeline of the Great Flood, and the dividing of the Earth.  When combining the genealogical information in scripture with archaeological evidence, it appears that we have around 6000 years of human history.  Without getting into a creation debate, here are some articles if you are interested in the numbers:

Using numbers supplied in scripture, we can discern this timeline:

Adam to the Flood: 1656 years
Flood to the birth of Abraham 454 years
Abraham to the Exodus 430 years
Exodus to the First Temple 480 years
First Temple to the Exile 393 years
Exile to Second Temple 72 years
Second Temple built 515 BCE

Years elapsed in CE – 2017 (no Year 0 so this number is 1 less than the current year)
Total 6017 years

The genealogies listed in scripture are useful pieces of information in the calendar of humanity.  However, after the Flood, they are based upon calendars which changed over time.  Thus, I suggest we need to corroborate these numbers with the calendar in the heavens.

The Calendar in the Sun, Moon, and Stars

And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years (Genesis 1:14 ESV)

God provided the sun, moon, and stars to serve as signs and to mark days and years.  The sun, moon, and stars have remained unchanged by humanity.  Is there any sign in the heavens that can give us a clue as to what “time” it is?

Well, yes there is 🙂  Interestingly, when prophecy watchers started scanning the thousands of years of human history and future for a specific sign in the sun, moon, and stars described in Revelation 12:1-2, they found only one match.

And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.  She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth.  (Revelation 12:1-2 ESV)

The sign occurred on September 23, 2017 and is detailed HERE.

While the sign in fulfillment of Revelation 12:1-2 only occurs once, watchmen did find three other partial alignments.  These partial alignments occurred on September 11, 3 BC (Jesus’ birth?), August 27, 70 AD (destruction of Second Temple), and August 5, 3915 BC.  All extremely significant events for humanity.  It is the 3915 BC alignment that is relevant to our current discussion.

Adam and Eve were created to be eternal beings, and in their perfection were granted to eat freely from the Tree of Life.  Thus, it was only when they FELL and became physically mortal that year counts would start to actually matter.  It was when they FELL that humanity’s “work week” began:

…cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat breadtill you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”  (Genesis 3:17-19 ESV)

Mankind was allotted 7000 years before this form of heaven and earth would be complete and we would return to our eternal state (either with God or apart from Him – the choice is up to each one of us).

The calendar in the sun, moon, and stars would seem to possibly give us a date for the fall of mankind to be August 5, 3915 BCE.  This is perhaps the date when humanity’s “work week” of 6000 years began.

360 Versus 365.25 Days Per Year

The length of a year is currently 365.242190 days.  The length of a year is decreasing by approximately 0.000006 every century. (wikipedia)  The Bible, however, uses a year length of 360 days in Genesis, Daniel, and Revelation.

…they will trample the holy city for forty-two months.  And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days…  (Revelation 11:2-3 ESV)

…and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which she is to be nourished for 1,260 days. (Revelation 12:6 ESV)

…so that she might fly from the serpent into the wilderness, to the place where she is to be nourished for a time, and times, and half a time. (Revelation 12:14 ESV)

And I heard the man clothed in linen, who was above the waters of the stream; he raised his right hand and his left hand toward heaven and swore by him who lives forever that it would be for a time, times, and half a time, and that when the shattering of the power of the holy people comes to an end all these things would be finished.  (Daniel 12:7 ESV)

42 30-day months = 1260 days = “time, and times, and half a time” (“time”= 1 360-day year)

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. (Genesis 7:11 ESV)

At the end of 150 days the waters had abated,  and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:3-4 ESV)

In Genesis chapters 7-8 we are told the Flood covered the land from the 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month.  This time period totals 150 days.  This would only be true if each month had 30 days in it.

I would assume God uses 360 day years for a reason, not just because the numbers round nice.  This is where I both agree and disagree with the Enoch/Zadok calendar.  I agree that God created the Earth with a 360-day solar year orbit.  Each month was 30 days, and the moon phases likely obeyed this 30 day pattern.  I also agree that after the rapture of the church, the Earth will once again have 360-day solar years with 30-day lunar months.  I believe that the resurrection / rapture event will be so severe as to cause the earth to sway and change its orbital path once again.

For the windows of heaven are opened,
    and the foundations of the earth tremble.
The earth is utterly broken,
    the earth is split apart,
    the earth is violently shaken.
The earth staggers like a drunken man;
    it sways like a hut;
its transgression lies heavy upon it,
    and it falls, and will not rise again.

Isaiah 24:18-20 ESV

Compare this to Genesis 6:

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. (v11 ESV)

Where I disagree is in laying the 360-day-year model on top of our current situation.  The Earth *did* change in orbit and tilt.  I believe the Earth *will* change in orbit and tilt.  While the sun, moon, and stars remained in place, the Earth’s relative position to them changed.  Thus, our perspective of them changed, and our observance of them had to change.  I do believe we can correct for this, though.

God has allotted 6000 years for humanity to rule likely based on the original creation of 360-day-years.  To figure out what year we are in, we need to account for the discrepancy between how the earth was created (360-day-years) and how it is now (365.25-day-years).

Correcting for 360-Day-Years

Prior to the Global Flood, the Earth had 360-day-years.  Subsequent to the Rapture, the Earth will have 360-day-years.  It is the interim time we wish to correct for, in order to discern the current year.

We don’t want to just go ahead and apply corrections to day counts to support our theories without some sort of scriptural basis to do so.  Fortunately, I believe we have several instances that supports this correction.

The first is the 430 Days of Laying of Ezekiel:

“Then lie on your left side, and place the punishment of the house of Israel upon it. For the number of the days that you lie on it, you shall bear their punishment.  For I assign to you a number of days, 390 days, equal to the number of the years of their punishment. So long shall you bear the punishment of the house of Israel.  And when you have completed these, you shall lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the punishment of the house of Judah. Forty days I assign you, a day for each year.  And you shall set your face toward the siege of Jerusalem, with your arm bared, and you shall prophesy against the city.  And behold, I will place cords upon you, so that you cannot turn from one side to the other, till you have completed the days of your siege.”  Ezekiel 4:3-8 ESV

Ezekiel literally laid on his side for 430 consecutive days to represent the punishment Israel was facing for disobedience.  God even strapped him down so that he couldn’t turn.  FOR OVER A YEAR.  70 years are most certainly accounted for in the Babylonian Captivity.  But there were still 360 years remaining.

After their captivity, by and large the nation of Israel did not repent.  Many didn’t even return to the Promised Land, and most didn’t obey God’s commandments.  Even after the rebuilding of the Temple, Israel remained in rebellion.  Israel’s continued disobedience resulted in a greater punishment coming into effect.  This was forewarned by God through Moses in Leviticus 26.  In this chapter, God states four times that He will increase their punishment “sevenfold” if they continue to disobey.

360 remaining years of punishment x 7-fold = 2520 years of punishment remaining

2520 years x 360 days = 907, 200 days

907, 200 days divided by 365.25 days (current Gregorian calendar) = 2483.778 years (2483 years, 9 months, 10 days)

What do we do with these numbers?  Well, there are two different time periods that might qualify:

“The Servitude of the Nation” – prophesied to last 70 years – Started by the first siege of Nebuchadnezzar in 605BC.  This lasted 70 years to the day – using the prophetic 360 day-year – ending in 536BC in Nisan (March/April) .  Using this calculation:

2483 years, 9 months, 21 days  MINUS 536 years [3-4 months/unsure day] PLUS 1 year (no year “0”) = 1948 year [undetermined month/day]

Restoration of Israel as a Nation – May 14, 1948

“The Desolations of Jerusalem” – prophesied to last 70 years – Started by the third and last siege in 587/6 BC and resulted in the destruction and desolation of the Temple and the city of Jerusalem.  This also lasted 70 years, until 516/7 BC, when the Second Temple was finished.  Using this calculation:

2483 years, 9 months, 21 days  MINUS 516/7 years [unsure month/day] PLUS 1 year (no year “0”) = 1967 year [undetermined month/day]

Restoration of Jerusalem to Israel – June 7, 1967

It seems that Ezekiel’s 430 days of laying prophetically predict the scattering and regathering of Israel within days or months, when a 360-day-year correction is applied to our current orbit.  For more on Ezekiel’s 430 days, please see: Ezekiel’s 430 Days of Laying.

Ezekiel’s 430 days of laying remind me of the 70 weeks prophecy given to Daniel, which Jesus expected His people to be aware of.

And when he drew near and saw the city, he wept over it, saying, “Would that you, even you, had known on this day the things that make for peace! But now they are hidden from your eyes. Luke 19:41-42 ESV

The second example is this 70 Weeks of Daniel prophecy.  Although Daniel’s prophecy was given post-Flood, when the Earth was surely in 365.25-day-year orbit, the dates given to him were in 360-day-years.

In Daniel 9:24, Daniel is given a prophecy:

Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city

Seventy weeks uses the Hebrew term “weeks” or “sevens”, which is a period of 7 years (much like our decade is a period of 10 years).  Seventy sets of seven years, or 70 weeks of years, is 490 years. Israel was to look for their anointed one, a prince, their Messiah, in 7+62 “weeks” from the decree issued in 445 BC.  69 weeks of years = 483 years.

The word to restore and build Jerusalem was given by King Artaxerxes in the month of Nisan in the 20th year of his reign.  Nisan 1 in his 20th year of his reign corresponds to March 14, 445 BC.  We learn from several places that a prophetic year is 360 days long.

483 years x 360 days = 173, 880 days

173, 880 days / 365.25 day-years = 476.06 years

445 BC – 476.06 years + 1 (no “year 0”) = 32 AD

Jesus was born somewhere around 3 BC.  He was baptized in 28 AD.  Throughout His ministry, Jesus concealed His identity as the Son of God, at least in public.  This was so that He could proclaim Himself as Messiah on the very day foretold in the Scriptures.

Jesus deliberately arranged to enter Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, the 10th of Nisan, 32 AD in fulfillment of Messianic prophecy (Zechariah 9:9, Psalm 118:26, Daniel 9:25).  On that day, he rode in to Jerusalem on a donkey while the crowd cheered Him on as the Messiah.  This was exactly 173, 880 days after Artaxerxes gave word to rebuild Jerusalem.  For more on Daniel’s 70 Weeks, please see Daniel’s 70 Weeks.

Once again, in the example of Palm Sunday, it seems we have precedence for not just laying a 360-day calendar over top of our current one, but for correcting our current orbit to a 360-day orbit.  This will help us discern the times and seasons of God.

There is Scriptural precedence given in correcting for a 360-day-year calendar in the examples of Ezekiel’s 430 Days of Laying and Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy.

The Clue of Enoch?

Using 365.25 Day/Years to Correct from Flood:

In my first post, God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity, I suggested that for every year subsequent to the Global Flood, humanity has existed for an extra ~5.25 days per year.  If our allotted days are only 6000 360-day-years, we have actually “used up” more years than our calendars indicate.  My first attempt at correcting for this looked like:

3915 (Fall – August 5) – 1656 (Flood – Iyar 17, approx mid-April) = 2258.7 years

+ 2018 years – 1 (no year 0)

= 4275.7 years lived with “extra days” (from Flood until today)

4275.7 x 365.25 (current days/year) = 1,561,699 days

 1656 (preflood years)  x 360 = 596,160 days

1,561,699 + 596,160 = 2,157,859 days / 360 = 5994.0 years

This would mean we would have 6.0 years to go until year 6000.  The main concerns with this calculation is that we don’t know how long the earth reeled for and when its’ orbit settled into 365.25-day-years.  There are also several other instances post-Flood when the Earth’s orbit seems to have been supernaturally changed by God as well, and these are impossible to correct for (Joshua 10:13, 2 Kings 20:8-11).

Using 365.0 Day/Years to Correct from Flood:

Here is where I believe the Key of Enoch might come in.  In my second post, What Year Is It Really?  (Is It 5991?), I wondered if God raptured Enoch at 365 years old specifically as a clue. What if God gives us 365 years exactly (tradition holding to Enoch being both born and raptured on the same day of the year – Pentecost), to have us use that number in our calculation as the exact average correcting for all the wobbling as described above?

Using 365 instead of 365.25 days/year in the same calculation gives us:

4275.7 x 365 (Enoch days/year) = 1,560,630 days

 1656 (preflood years)  x 360 = 596,160 days

1,560,630 + 596,160 = 2,156,790 days / 360 = 5991.08 years

This is again using 3915 BCE as the Fall, and 1656 BCE as the Flood.

Using 365.0 Day/Years to Correct from Enoch’s Rapture:

So now I’ve given this a third calculation.  I still am considering Enoch’s age at the time of his rapture, 365 years, as a clue.  I also believe his birthday and rapture day being Pentecost (from extrabiblical accounts) might be significant.  Thus, in this calculation, I consider that it might be Enoch’s rapture date that should be used for the 365.0 day correction start point instead of the Flood.  Enoch was raptured 669 years prior to the Flood.  That number surely must be significant in some way?  What if we are to take it into account in the calendar correction?

August 5, 3915 BC – Fall of Man

Enoch’s Rapture = 1656 Flood + 669 (669 years before flood at age 365) = 2325 BC on Pentecost

August 5, 3915 BC – Pentecost 2325 BC = 1589.75 years x 360 = 572,310 Days pre Enoch Rapture

Pentecost 2325 BC – Pentecost 2018 AD = 4342.0 years x 365 = 1,584,830 Days post Enoch Rapture

Total Days of Humanity, Corrected = 2,157,140 = 5992.06 years

If we use the age of Enoch (365.0 years) as a clue to correct for the wobbling of the Earth on its’ orbit and tilt, we arrive at possible years of 5992, or 5991, depending on whether we start at the time of Enoch’s rapture or the time of the Global Flood.  

The Fig Tree Generation

If you will recall from previous teachings, many prophecy scholars consider May 14, 1948 to be the date when the “Fig Tree Leafed Out”.  This was the most significant end times sign, as it seems to have started the prophetic clock ticking on the “transitional generation”.  Jesus mentioned that just as there was a transitional generation that saw both His birth and the destruction of Jerusalem, there would be a transitional generation that would not pass away before “all these things were accomplished”.  What were “all these things”?  These included the fig tree budding and all the events of the Time of Jacob’s Trouble (70th Week of Daniel – “The 7-Year Tribulation”), including the Second Coming of Christ.

The years of our life are seventy,
    or even by reason of strength eighty;
yet their span is but toil and trouble;
    they are soon gone, and we fly away. 

Psalm 90:10 ESV

Psalm 90 seems to indicate the lifespan of a generation to be 70-80 years.  We have discussed that more in these posts – The Fig Tree Sign and Israel’s Rebirth and The Terminal Generation.

What if we apply the 360-day-year correction to this 70-80 year timespan, as we have for the all the preceding years?

70 years = 25,200 days  = 68.99 356.25 day-years (May 12, 2017)

73 years = 26,280 days  = 71.95 365.25-day-years (April 26, 2020)

80 years = 28,800 days = 78.85 365.25-day-years (however, will switch to 360-day-years at rapture – so date depends on rapture date)

It would seem that those who have strength to survive the Time of Jacob’s Trouble, would need to survive until up to approximately 2027.  The “early exit option”, when we “fly away”, would seem to come at some point between years 70-73 [May 12, 2017 and April 26, 2020].

Let’s go back to our Mazzaroth – the celestial clock of the sun, moon, and stars, to see if we can verify this 70-73 year time span.  Remember that there was a near-complete alignment of the Revelation 12:1-2 sign on September 11, 3 BC (Jesus’ birth?) and August 27, 70 AD (destruction of Second Temple), in addition to the one on August 5, 3915 BC?  Do those alignments give us the length of the transitional generation in Jesus’ day?

September 11, 3 BC – August 27, 70 AD = 26,283 days = 73.0 360-day-years

(This includes taking into account no “year 0”)

The sun, moon, and stars and the Revelation 12 near-complete alignments seem to confirm the length of the transitional generation of Jesus’ First Coming as 73.0 years 360-day-years.  Considering the end-times fig tree transitional generation, it would seem that the 70-80 year (69-79 360-day-year) lifespan of a generation given in Psalm 90 is a very reasonable length of time to apply to this prophecy.  A possible rapture window using this passage would be from May 12, 2017 to April 26, 2020.

The Virgin Mary Had a Baby Boy

We have considered the signs in the sun, moon, and stars above.  The main one that applies to our generation is the one that occurred on September 23, 2017.  How far away from the Revelation 12:1-2 sign can we get before it is no longer reliably considered a sign?  This is a valid question and one that I have pondered as well.

For the answer to this I would ask you to consider the Star of Bethlehem that announced Jesus’ birth.  We know that it took up to 2-3 years for the wise men to locate Jesus after they saw and interpreted the Star Sign.

Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men.  Matthew 12:16 ESV

If you are interested in the Star Sign announcing Jesus’ first coming, I would recommend Rick Larson’s 2007 Documentary entitled The Star of Bethlehem.

Based on the Star Sign that announced Jesus’ First Coming, it would seem reasonable to consider the Time of Jacob’s Trouble starting at any time up to 3 years after the appearance of the Great Sign of Revelation 12:1-2.  This gives us a date range of September 23, 2017 – September 22, 2020.

What Does This All Mean?

Let’s put together our summaries:

I would agree with the scholars who suggest that humanity has 6000 years allotted to us by God before Jesus’ Millennial Kingdom rule.  I would also agree that the Jubilee cycle likely ends on the 6000th year, ushering in the eternal Jubilee and the 7th 1000-year-Day of Rest for humanity.  This would place the Jubilee at the Second Coming of Christ – Year 6000.  In theory the Rapture should be at year 5993 and the Second Coming at year 6000 using the pretribulation rapture model.

The genealogies listed in scripture are useful pieces of information in the calendar of humanity.  However, after the Flood, they are based upon calendars which changed over time.  Thus, I suggest we need to corroborate these numbers with the calendar in the heavens.

The calendar in the sun, moon, and stars would seem to possibly give us a date for the fall of mankind to be August 5, 3915 BCE.  This is perhaps the date when humanity’s “work week” of 6000 years began.  This date is compatible with biblical genealogies.

God has allotted 6000 years for humanity to rule likely based on the original creation of 360-day-years.  To figure out what year we are in, we need to account for the discrepancy between how the earth was created (360-day-years) and how it is now (365.25-day-years).

There is Scriptural precedence given in correcting for a 360-day-year calendar in the examples of Ezekiel’s 430 Days of Laying Prophecy and Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy.

If we consider that we have lived on average an extra 5.25 days per year since the Global Flood, we arrive at a possible year of 5994.0 as of Pentecost 2018.  The difficulty with making this assumption is that it is impossible to know when the Earth settled into its’ new orbit and tilt post-Flood, and there are several other occasions on which “the sun stood still” or “moved backwards” which cannot be corrected for.

If we use the age when Enoch was raptured (365.0 years) as a clue to correct for the wobbling of the Earth on its’ orbit and tilt, we arrive at possible years of 5992.0 (Enoch’s Rapture), or 5991.0 (Global Flood), depending on whether we correct to the time of Enoch’s rapture or to the time of the Global Flood.  Personally, I think using the date of Enoch’s rapture might be the one to use, as I can figure out no other purpose for it being so far in advance of the Great Flood (669 years).  However, either are plausible and give a possible rapture window of Spring 2019 or Spring 2020 (whichever would be the actual year 5993).

The sun, moon, and stars and the Revelation 12 near-complete alignments seem to confirm the length of the transitional generation of Jesus’ First Coming as 73.0 years 360-day-years.  Considering the end-times fig tree transitional generation, it would seem that the 70-80 year (69-79 360-day-year) lifespan of a generation given in Psalm 90 is a very reasonable length of time to apply to this prophecy.  A possible rapture window using this passage as a basis would be open from May 12, 2017 to April 26, 2020 (correcting for 360-day-years).

Based on the Star Sign that announced Jesus’ First Coming, it would seem reasonable to consider the Time of Jacob’s Trouble starting at any time up to 3 years after the appearance of the Great Sign of Revelation 12:1-2.  This gives us a possible date range of September 23, 2017 – September 22, 2020 for the 70th Week of Daniel to begin.

In summary, the evidence that we are in the transitional end-times generation is overwhelming.  There is support from the Star of Bethlehem sign at Jesus’ first coming, the length of the transitional generation at the time of Jesus’ first coming, the Revelation 12:1-2 sign in the sun, moon, and stars on September 23, 2017, Psalm 90, and the Fig Tree parable.

Based on applying a 360-day-year correction, which seems to be well-supported biblically, it would seem that we are currently in either year 5991.0 or 5992.0 as of Pentecost 2018.  Anticipating a rapture at year 5993 followed by 7 years of the 70th Week of Daniel, it would seem plausible for the rapture window to open in Spring 2019 and close around Pentecost 2020.

When corroborating the corrected calendar with a study on the Feasts of God, it is my suggestion that Pentecost is the most likely “high watch day” of any given year.  I’m not sure if these day counts are within 25 days of accuracy, but if they are, it would seem that 2020 might possibly be ruled out and the most likely contender would thus be 2019.

If one corrects the calendar using Enoch’s age and rapture date, we would be at year 5992 on Pentecost 2018.   This would suggest a Pentecost 2019 rapture possibility.  As I mentioned at the start of this post, this is a working model only and I do not claim to know the day or time of the rapture.  I believe that the rapture will occur in conjunction with signs that will compel us to “Look Up!  For our redemption draws nigh!”.  On the day, in the hour, I think we will KNOW, whenever that may turn out to be.

For more discussion on the Feasts as High Watch Days, please see this page: The Biblical Feasts – God’s Appointments.

Firmament-Of-Heaven.jpg

 


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

Ussher and the Date of Creation (Answers in Genesis)

God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity

What Year Is It Really?  (Is It 5991?)

The Fig Tree Sign and Israel’s Rebirth

Ezekiel’s 430 Days of Laying

The Terminal Generation

Revelation 12 – A Sign in the Heavens, September 23, 2017

Year 6000 – This Wikipedia page discusses the Jewish expectation of the Messianic Age to begin at year 6000 at the latest.  Their calendar is off (see the discussion on the missing years, and the 360-day calendar conversion above), but this shows the Jewish belief of the 7000 years destined for humanity.

God’s Challenge!  Understand My Plan by Douglas Berner

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 

 

 

Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast That Ties Everything Together for the Church

This probably won’t cover everything you need to know about the Feast of Pentecost… but it might come close!  😉

In studying the Feast of Pentecost, one of God’s Appointed Times (Mo’ed), it is becoming increasingly clear to me that this feast ties together so many loose ends for the church.  What has started out as a single post is evolving into a series, through which I hope to bring you along on a fascinating journey of discovery!  Pentecost – our “highest watch date”!

If you will remember, the Feasts of God tell the redemption story of mankind. The Jewish men were required to make 3 pilgrimages per year to Jerusalem, to honor these feasts:

1. Early Spring Feasts (Passover / Firstfruits)
2. Late Spring Feast (Pentecost)
3. Fall Feasts (Tabernacles)

Interestingly, the first resurrection (for believers) also has 3 stages:

1. Firstfruits – Jesus and the “many saints”
2. (main resurrection / rapture event)
3. Tabernacles – the tribulation martyrs resurrected to rule during the millennial kingdom

Are you seeing the pattern I am? Pentecost is the feast that has to do with the church – it is our birthday! Enoch, a type for the gentile rapture, was reportedly “raptured” on his birthday at 365 years old. In the extrabiblical books (the Book of Enoch) it states that his birthday was on Pentecost.  Will we be “raptured” on our birthday as well?

While studying the Feast of Pentecost, I have been praying very earnestly for God to connect threads of scripture together for me.  I believe He gave me Joel 2 and Hebrews 12 as two key passages.  Through my studies, I believe that Pentecost can be scripturally connected with all of the following:

  • The Rapture of the Church and the Resurrection of the Dead in Christ
  • Dispensation Changes
  • Covenant Confirmations
  • The Removal of the Restrainer
  • The Trump of God
  • The Last Trump
  • The Last Day
  • The Start of the Day of the Lord
  • The Gog/Magog Battle of Ezekiel 38-39
  • The Beginning of Birth Pains (the Time of Jacob’s Trouble)
  • The Blood Moon Sign

I will summarize each of these topics here, and you can click on each title for the full post, and additional resources!  Here’s a quick shortcut list:

(In progress)

  1. Pentecost Part 1 – The Giving of the Law, The Giving of Grace
  2. Pentecost Part 2 – The Feast That Marks Dispensation Changes and Birthdays
  3. Pentecost Part 3 – Pentecost Prophecies
  4. Pentecost Part 4 – Temples of God and the Removal of the Restrainer
  5. Pentecost Part 5- The Counting of the Omer – Day and Hour Unknown?
  6. Pentecost Part 6 – God’s Covenant Changes on Pentecost – It’s All About the Blood
  7. Pentecost Part 7 – A Picture of a Pentecost Rapture in Hebrews 12
  8. Pentecost Part 8 – Pentecost, Joel 2, and the Coming of the Day of the Lord
  9. Pentecost Part 9 – The Trumpets and the Feasts
  10. Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?
  11. Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump
  12. Pentecost Part 12 – Covenants Confirmed, Covenants Proclaimed
  13. Pentecost Part 13 – The Resurrection on the Last Day
  14. Pentecost Part 14 – The Harvest of the Church Pictured on Pentecost (Amos 8)
  15. Pentecost Part 15 – The Day the Skies Open
  16. The Feast of Weddings and Wedding Suppers

Pentecost Part 1 – The Giving of the Law, The Giving of Grace

Pentecost, also known as Shavuot or the Feast of Weeks, is one of God’s appointed times.  These feast days clearly point to God’s redemption plan for humanity.  We are currently in the “Summer Gap” between the Early Spring Feasts (Jesus’ Death and Resurrection – Suffering Servant) and the Fall Feasts (Jesus Second Coming in Power and Great Glory – King of Kings and Lord of Lords).

The first Pentecost, Shavuot, marked the giving of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai.  In this way, it can be considered the “birthday” of Judaism.  On the first celebration of this feast day after Jesus’ resurrection, the Holy Spirit was given to the body of Christ in power and as a seal for the coming day of redemption.  Thus, Pentecost is also associated with the “birthday” of the Church.

The coming of the Holy Spirit upon all believers is unique to the church age.  Whereas in the Old Covenant (Age of Law), the Holy Spirit came upon specific individuals such as the kings, prophets, and judges, the Holy Spirit in the New Covenant (Age of Grace) comes upon all believers at the moment of salvation to Seal them for the Day of Redemption.

In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.  Ephesians 1:13-14 ESV

And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed  for the day of redemption. Ephesians 4:30 ESV

Hebrew4Christians describes the festival of Shavuot as “the culmination of the redemption, sometimes called Atzeret Pesach, or “The Gathering of Passover””.  Culmination of redemption, and the gathering, hey?  Brings to mind these verses:

Now concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our being gathered together to him… 2 Thessalonians 2:1 ESV

For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now.  And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies.  Romans 8:22-23

It’s looking like Pentecost just may be the feast that marks the culmination of our redemption.

Pentecost Part 2 – The Feast That Marks Dispensation Changes and Birthdays

As we said, Shavuot is considered the day on which Judaism was born (the Age of Law).  Pentecost is considered the day on which the Church was born (the Age of Grace).  In this way, Pentecost has already marked the beginning and ending of several dispensations.

Will a future Pentecost mark another dispensation change?

God’s revelation and dealings with humanity can be broadly separated into “ages”.  It is progressive in nature, as each “dispensation”, or “age”, unfolds into the next.  This is the basis for Dispensational Theology.  It’s not perfect, but it helps us grasp how God has progressively revealed Himself and His redemption plan to humanity.

dispensations

Pentecost was the day on which the dispensation of Law began…and ended.  Pentecost was the day on which the dispensation of Grace began…and will end???  Remember that when the church age ends, a new 7 year “dispensation” will begin that seems to involve both Law AND Grace (per Matthew 25, sheep and goats judgment).  The tribulation saints will be responsible for remaining faithful without the sealing of the Holy Spirit in their hearts.

Tradition holds that Enoch was both born and raptured on Pentecost.  Will we be as well?

1200px-Birthday_candles

Pentecost Part 3 – Pentecost Prophecies

I have been fascinated by the way Peter quoted Joel 2 in Acts 2:16-21 – on the first Pentecost of the Church Age.  Through this passage, I believe he defines the beginning and end of the church age for us.  Peter affirms that the Holy Spirit coming at Pentecost was a partial fulfillment of Joel’s prophecy:

But this is what was uttered through the prophet Joel:

[start of church age]

17 “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares,
that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh,
and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
    and your young men shall see visions,
    and your old men shall dream dreams;
18 even on my male servants and female servants
    in those days I will pour out my Spirit, and they shall prophesy.

[church age]

19 And I will show wonders in the heavens above
    and signs on the earth below,
    blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;
20 the sun shall be turned to darkness
    and the moon to blood,
    before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day.
21 And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’

[end of church age]

Verses 17-18 mark the beginning of the church age.  There is a pregnant pause“, so to speak, between Verses 18 and 19.  Verses 19-21 mark the end of the church age.  It is clear why Peter quotes Joel 2:28-29 on Pentecost as fulfilling that part of Joel’s prophecy.   The end of the Holy Spirit’s sealing ministry in the church will be marked by wonders in the heavens, signs on the earth, blood, fire, vapor of smoke, darkened sun, and a blood red moon.  These events clearly did not occur on the first Pentecost, so why would Peter mention them in his sermon – on Pentecost?  Could it be that he is announcing the future fulfillment of the remainder of Joel’s prophecy on some future Pentecost?  

pentecost 1

I believe that what Peter did NOT quote is just as important to study as what he DID quote, and for that we turn to Joel 2.

“And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh;
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams,
and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female servants
in those days I will pour out my Spirit. “And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.  The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.  And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.  For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls.  Joel 2:28-32 ESV

I believe Peter is clearly defining the ending of the church age for us, on Pentecost. That’s why he included verses 30-32a in his sermon, on Pentecost.  I can think of no other reason why he would bother including verses 30-32a and leaving off 32b.  He did NOT include verse 32b, because that part will be fulfilled at the second coming, during the Fall Feasts.

Pentecost Part 4 – Temples of God and the Removal of the Restrainer

In the old testament, under the Old Covenant, God’s Holy Spirit dwelt among His people in the Holy of Holies first in the Tabernacle, then in the First Temple.  I am not sure when God’s presence left, perhaps it was when the Temple was destroyed or when the Ark of the Covenant left?  Regardless, His presence never did dwell in the Second Temple and neither did the Ark of the Covenant.  I would suggest a connection between this Ark of the Covenant – a symbol of the Mosaic Covenant – and the Holy Spirit’s dwelling, but would have to research further.

When Jesus came to the earth, the fullness of God dwelt in Him (Colossians 2:9).  When Jesus died for the sins of the world as the Lamb of God, the veil in the temple was torn in two.  Jesus Himself became our high priest.  No longer would the Spirit of God reside in the Holy of Holies in a building built by human hands.  He would now come to reside within the hearts of individual believers, and this takes us once again to Pentecost.

In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in himwere sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.  Ephesians 1:13-14 ESV

And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee.  2 Corinthians 1:21-22 ESV

The sealing of the Holy Spirit is the mark of being part of the New Covenant, at least in the church age.  This time of special sealing is coming to an end, though, as the day of our redemption through the resurrection/rapture event draws near. The Holy Spirit will depart from the hearts of individual believers when the Restrainer is removed and the church is taken up into heaven in what we refer to as the “rapture”.  There is only one possible identity of the Restrainer: The Holy Spirit residing within the true body of Christ.

There will then be a push to finally build that Third Temple.

ezekiels temple.png

Pentecost Part 5- The Counting of the Omer – Day and Hour Unknown?

Shavuot is the last of the Spring feasts.  It concludes the Feast of Weeks, which begins at Firstfruits.  This is kind of confusing, so here’s a diagram:

countomerdays

In Deuteronomy, the Israelites are told to “count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain” (Deut 16:9 ESV).  Pentecost came exactly 7 weeks after the first harvest of barley.  Hebrew4Christians states “The 49 day countdown to the holiday is called the “Sefirat Omer” – Counting of the Omer.  Every day of the countdown a special blessing was recited naming exactly how many more days were left before the climactic 50th day – a Jubilee of days!”

Since the Feast of Firstfruits can vary by several days on the Hebrew calendar, Pentecost can also vary by several days.  Firstfruits is determined by “the day after the Sabbath following Passover”.  Seven full weeks later is Pentecost.  Thus, the day of Pentecost is not easily determined until after Firstfruits has been established for that year.  As we will see below, there is some variation in how the word “Sabbath” is applied in these day counts.

Interestingly, the Sadducees, Pharisees, and Karaites all had different methods of calculating the date on which Pentecost was to fall.  If you have been following the discussions about whether or not the “Barley Was Abib”, then you have already been introduced to the Karaite version.  Thus, it seems that Pentecost is also a contender, along with the Feast of Trumpets, for the “Feast of Unknown Day/Hour”.

Pentecost Part 6 – God’s Covenant Changes on Pentecost – It’s All About the Blood

As we discussed previously, Shavuot is the feast that marks the giving of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai.  This Law is regarded as the “Old Covenant”, or the “Mosaic Covenant”.  It was given by God, agreed to by the Hebrew people, and was ratified by the blood of sacrifices as well as a covenant meal.  Moses literally sprinkled the blood of the sacrifices upon the people to “cover them”.

When Jesus came, He fulfilled the Law and the Prophets and made a New Covenant in His blood.

“Behold, the days are coming, says the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah”.  Jeremiah 31:31 ESV

When Jesus came, He made a new covenant, a better covenant, in His blood.  Jesus fulfilled Jeremiah’s new covenant prophecy through His death and resurrection.  It was given by God, agreed to by individual believers, and ratified by the blood of the ultimate sacrifice – Jesus Christ.  Under the new covenant, we are covered by the blood of the Lamb – the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world!

nothing but the blood

Jesus is the fulfillment of both the Law (the covenant of Moses) and the Prophets (the dispensation of the Law).  A new covenant and dispensation (Grace/Church Age) began at His death and resurrection.  The covenant meal that reminds us of this sacrifice is referred to as communion.  Communion points us to when Jesus will return and complete the redemption of our bodies.  It points to the consummation of our redemption, our wedding supper with Him!

For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night when he was betrayed took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, “This is my body, which is for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” In the same way also he took the cup, after supper, saying, This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me.”  For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.  1 Corinthians 11:23-26 ESV

Communion is meant to remind us that JESUS IS COMING BACK FOR US!!!!!!!  Partake in communion joyfully, saints!

And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,  so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.  Hebrews 9:27-28 ESV

Again, Christ will appear a second time TO SAVE THOSE WHO ARE EAGERLY WAITING FOR HIM!

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,  and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,  and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.  Hebrews 12:22-24 ESV

Wow, just wow, guys.  Mind blown.  Read that last passage again and tell me if you see a clear picture of the rapture.  We just read that the new covenant in Jesus’ blood will be completely fulfilled when we celebrate it with Him in heaven.  The taking of communion – remembering Christ’s blood shed and body broken for us – is to remind us that He is coming back for us!!!  He will appear a second time to save those who are eagerly waiting for Him!!!  And now in Hebrews 12 we have a clear connection of this event to Pentecost.

Pentecost Part 7 – A Picture of a Pentecost Rapture in Hebrews 12

My dear watchmen, how have we not seen this???  Is this not clearly a rapture passage?  When is it that we will come to the heavenly Mount Zion and the city of the living God?  When do we enter our chambers, the ones that Jesus has been preparing for us in the Heavenly Jerusalem?  When will we attend a festal gathering?  When will the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven assemble?  Surely this is describing the rapture!

mount zion

Ok, you are saying, I can see the rapture here, with our assembling together in heaven at the redemption of our bodies.  But where does Pentecost fit in?  For this we turn to the entire passage to ascertain context:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  

The passage starts out describing the giving of the Law to Moses on Mount Sinai on what day?  PENTECOST.  It continues with no interruption:

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,  and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect, and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

This is the rapture connection we have discussed above.  And what follows?  Keep going…

See that you do not refuse him who is speaking. For if they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape if we reject him who warns from heaven.  At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”  This phrase, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of things that are shaken—that is, things that have been made—in order that the things that cannot be shaken may remain.  Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe,  for our God is a consuming fire.  Hebrews 12:18-29 ESV

Did you note the connection which confirms that the author is connecting the escaping at Mount Sinai and the escaping what is to come next?  The author then describes a shaking of the heavens and the earth, to remove the powers from them in order to establish Jesus’ Kingdom that will never be shaken!  We know that at the rapture there is an escape route, followed by a time of wrath on earth.

But stay awake at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to take place, and to stand before the Son of Man.  

Luke 21:36 ESV

The giving of the Law on Mount Sinai was a somber and dramatic occasion, ON PENTECOST, which the author of Hebrews ties together with a future festal gathering in heaven as an escape, followed by a shaking of the heavens and the earth.  Could this be a clue that this gathering will also occur on a future PENTECOST, followed by a time of tribulation on earth?

Pentecost Part 8 – Pentecost, Joel 2, and the Coming of the Day of the Lord

Just as God marked His arrival on Mount Sinai with a time of darkness upon the mountain, the Day of the Lord will be a time of great darkness over the whole earth.  While the Day of the Lord and the Giving of the Law at Sinai obviously have very different intents and purposes, I want you to notice how God’s interactions with humanity invoke fear and terror in the hearts of man.

When praying for understanding the connections between Pentecost and the Day of the Lord several nights ago, the Lord brought to mind a song from when I was a kid in church:

 

I believe a key passage to understanding the connections between Pentecost, the Day of the Lord, the Ezekiel 38-39 war, and the rapture of the church is found in Joel Chapter 2.

Notice that a trumpet sounds in Zion before the Day of the Lord begins (Joel 2:1-2).  The Day of the Lord follows, accompanied by darkness, clouds, gloom, and thick darkness.  Note the assembly of the people, the bridegroom and the bride leaving their chambers.  The bridegroom would leave His chamber, heaven, at the time of the opening of the skies to reveal Him.  The bride would leave her earthly chambers to come join Him in the heavenly ones that He has prepared for her.  We will speak more on this wedding in a future post!

Next, however, we need to examine this trumpet that is blown in Zion!

Pentecost Part 9 – The Trumpets and the Feasts

We want to examine which trumpet is blown in Zion in Joel 2:1-2.  To examine this, first we’re going to back up a little bit and discuss another trumpet, and see if we can connect them.  There has been a lot of confusion and controversy surrounding three little words – “The Last Trump”.

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

Is this “Last Trump” the last of the 7 Trumpet Judgments?  Is this “Last Trump” the last trumpet sounded on the Feast of Trumpets?  Is it the “Last Trump” of a Jubilee year on Yom Kippur?  Is it the “Last Trump” sounded in a feast year on the mysterious Eighth Day after the Feast of Tabernacles?  Or is the “Last Trump” something else?  Could the “Last Trump” be the trumpet blast that is sounded in Mount Zion right before the Day of the Lord???  We will examine all these in this post.

A key passage is found in Numbers 10, which informs us that trumpets are involved in ALL the Feasts of God:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp…  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets [chatsotsrah, H2689] over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.  Numbers 10:1,10 ESV

What we really want to know is which type of trumpet is the Last Trump????  Is the Last Trump a chatsotrsrah, that will sound on a Feast Day?

For this, we need to find out what kind of trumpet the First Trump was, and when it was sounded.  I do not believe that the First and Last Trump will both be sounded at the rapture, because I believe the First Trump has already sounded – on Pentecost!

 

Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

The very first mention in the Bible of a trumpet blast is found in Exodus chapter 19.  You should be familiar with this chapter by now, as it records the very first Pentecost, when God came down to meet with Moses on Mount Sinai to give the 10 Commandments.  More specifically, God instituted the Mosaic Covenant and the Dispensation of Law on this day.  And He did so with the First Trump in scripture.

The First Trump was one long blast which summoned the entire congregation before Mount Sinai.  It also sounded the very first Pentecost.  So now let’s look, what kind of trumpet and blast is the Last Trump?

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpigx, G4536]. For the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

We have to connect the Greek (New Testament) with the Hebrew (Old Testament).  We know the Last Trump is a Salpigx:

Last Trump: G4536, salpigx (1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16)

How do we connect the salpigx to the Hebrew?  Fortunately, Hebrews 12 gives us the answer:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet [salpingos, G4536] and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  Hebrews 12:18-20 ESV

We now know that the Sinai Trump, the First Trump, is equivalent in meaning to the Last Trump.  They are of the same kind:

Sinai Trump: G4536, salpingos (Hebrews 12:19)

So what exactly does the concordance have to say about a salpigx?

HELPS Word-studies

4536 sálpigks – “properly, a war-trumpet” (WS, 797) that boldly announces God’s victory (the vanquishing of His enemies).

In the OT, trumpets were used to called God’s people to war, and to announce victory wrought by Him. That is, a military clarion that proclaimed the Lord inspired and empowered the victory on behalf of His people.

Source: http://biblehub.com/greek/4536.htm

The “Last Trump”, while also calling us to assembly on the Heavenly Mount Zion as we have studied in Hebrews 12 (the rapture), seems to primarily be a call to war.

Do you remember what Numbers 10 told us was one of the purposes of the silver trumpets, which seem to be used interchangeably with the ram’s horn shophar?

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  Does this sound shockingly familiar???

Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  From Parts 9 & 10 of our study, it seems that the “Last Trump” that sounds at the time of the rapture is likely this battle cry of remembrance – for God to rise up and save Israel from destruction.

God has seemed conspicuously silent towards Israel for the last several thousand years, but in the near future God will break His silence in a specific war detailed in Ezekiel 38-39.

gog_magog

It’s impossible to overemphasize the significance that God Himself is arranging this war exactly according to His schedule.  He will use Gog / Magog as a set-up for both Israel and the nations.  It will be deliberately presented so that it can be interpreted by Israel as the final war (Battle of Armageddon).  When God intervenes, Israel will look for the Messiah to inaugurate the Messianic Kingdom.  A “messiah” will most certainly appear.

Will Israel accept or reject the ultimate false messianic figure?

As on earth, it is in heaven… I believe that the Last Trump will also initiate the greatest heavenly battle of all time.  I believe that THIS is the “heavenly dragon sign” we have been watching for.  I believe it will occur in conjunction with the rapture… as we go up, the angelic hosts go to war.

9045-st-michael-defeats-the-devil-eug-ne-delacroix

The Last Trump will not be sounded by humans.  No matter what it is associated with – Feast of God, Battle Cry, Call to Assembly, or all of the above, the Last Trump is clearly sounded by God Himself.  The “Last Trump” that will call us up to heaven is the trumpet voice of God Himself, issuing forth from the Heavenly Mount Zion just as it did at the First Trump on the earthly Mount Sinai.  It will be a call for the body of Christ to assemble, a call for the angels to go to war, and a call for God to intervene on behalf of His people for the sake of His Holy Name.

Pentecost Part 13 – The Resurrection on the Last Day

We understand that the future resurrection/rapture event will occur prior to what is commonly known as the “7 Year Tribulation”, or the Time of Jacob’s Trouble.  How could this possibly be considered the “Last Day”?  Isn’t the “Last Day” of existence right before the eternal state, when the heavens and the earth are destroyed in preparation for the Great White Throne Judgment?  It’s a great question!

the last daya

The only references to the “Last Day” are found in the book of John.  From these passages it is clear that the Last Day has to do with a resurrection to eternal life.  This resurrection is specifically for believers.  Each time Jesus mentions the “Last Day” it is sandwiched in between statements of eternal life.  It is also strongly connected to Him being the bread of life – that whoever comes to Him shall not hunger and whoever believes in Him shall never thirst.

The “Last Day” is the Resurrection/Rapture event for believers.  It marks the main harvest of the First Resurrection. Unbelievers won’t be resurrected until the end of the Millennial Kingdom, for the Great White Throne Judgment.  So why does Jesus call it a “Last Day”?  Why use such a confusing term?  Well… There is a specific Day that the scriptures talk about hundreds of times.  This Great Day will mark the end of humanity’s reign on earth, so one might refer to it as the Last Day of an era – The Great and Terrible Day of the Lord.

The resurrection/rapture on the Last Day marks the start of the Day of the Lord.  The “Last Day” is the last possible day to get in on the major resurrection/rapture event, before the wrath of God is unleashed upon the earth and the world as we know it comes to a screeching halt.

Pentecost Part 15 – The Day the Skies Open

I’m a sola scriptura kind of gal, so I try not to include extrabiblical texts in my studies.  I do peek into Jewish expectation at times, as I believe that end times prophecy revolves around Israel and the Hebrew people.  Their expectations will play into how they respond to God’s call.  For that reason, we are going to briefly peek into a Kabbalistic Jewish custom today regarding the Feast of Pentecost.

The custom is known as the Tikkun Leil Shavuot.  The kabbalistic Jews stay up all night studying the Torah in preparation for the celebration of Shavuot (Pentecost).  Included in this tradition is the belief that the skies open up for a brief moment during the night.  Now, why do I include this mystical tradition in our study?  I include it because we actually are anticipating the skies rolling back as a scroll!

it is well.jpg

When seal 6 is opened, the sky vanishes like a scroll that is being rolled up.  This is the human perception of what is happening in the earth’s atmosphere and the universe.  It seems that what is occurring here is that the Third Heaven (supernatural) is becoming visible and colliding with the First and Second Heavens (natural realm of atmosphere and space).  The entire sky appears opened, allowing visibility into heaven – people on earth try to hide from what they see, which presumably is God on His throne (or some bright and terrifying supernatural scene).  Note, it’s not a doorway or window that opens, it’s the entire sky – no pushing and shoving necessary, there will be plenty of room for everyone if this is the rapture 😉

Chasing Pentecost 2018

We may never be able to know for sure which date God sees as the true date for Pentecost.  Thus, it seems that Pentecost is also a contender, along with the Feast of Trumpets, for the “Feast of Unknown Day/Hour”.  Note, too, that even if Pentecost is “THE Day”, the actual date and time (hour) will vary for believers worldwide because of time zones :).  And we still don’t know the year. 😉

Possible Pentecost 2018 Dates, starting at sunset in Jerusalem on the Gregorian Calendar.  The Gregorian calendar dates are unchanged whether you use the new moon or the sighting of the first crescent sliver.  The Hebrew calendar dates may vary by 1 day based on moon sighting so 2 days are listed:

May 20, 2018  [5-6 Sivan]

May 27, 2018  [12-13 Sivan]

June 24, 2018  [11-12 Sivan] 

Personally, I believe the Karaites method of determining the Spring Feast Dates is most accurate.  I believe this because they base their determinations on the moon as well as the agricultural conditions.

And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years…” Genesis 1:14 ESV

From the data I have sifted through, it seems probable that Pentecost should occur on May 20, 2018.  There is a small possibility that there should have been a leap month added, pushing Pentecost to June 24, 2018.  I will update if I find information that would suggest otherwise.

 

Under Construction

  • Pentecost Part 12 – Covenants Confirmed, Covenants Proclaimed
  • Pentecost Part 14 – The Harvest of the Church Pictured on Pentecost (Amos 8)
  • The Feast of Weddings and Wedding Suppers

For the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. 20 For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 21 that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. 22 For we know that the whole creation has been groaning together in the pains of childbirth until now. 23 And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies. 24 For in this hope we were saved. Now hope that is seen is not hope. For who hopes for what he sees? 25 But if we hope for what we do not see, we wait for it with patience.

It appears that God rises up in wrath to supernaturally protect Israel from imminent destruction, and whisks the church out of the way at the same time.  God is fully in charge of the timing of this event – he “hooks the jaws” of Gog to lead him as a horse into position.  Likewise, Jesus is the “author and finisher of our faith”, and thus controls when the “fullness of the Gentiles” (Rom 11:25) is complete.  God has a Day of which He has spoken, and this Day will begin exactly at the time He has preordained.

 


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

Does Scripture Support a Pentecost Rapture? (PDF – T.W. Tramm)

The Feast of Pentecost (GraceThruFaith)

Shavuot – Revelation and the Fruit of the Spirit (Hebrew4Christians)

The Mystery of Pentecost (Prophecy Watchers)

Sweet Hour of Prayer (A Little Strength)

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

Seals, Sealing, and the Ministry of the Holy Spirit

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!


Passages Describing the Feast of Pentecost

When studying Biblical teaching, I believe it is always important to read the source for yourself.  Not just a verse or two, but the entire relevant passage.  This will sharpen your discernment skills, as you examine the scriptures for yourself to see if these things are so.  Because we are going to be discussing Pentecost in great detail over the next few posts, I encourage you to read through the following at least once.  So with no further delay, here are the relevant passages describing the celebration of the Feast of Pentecost (Weeks):

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.”

 The Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments 11 and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments. 15 And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

16 On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly. 19 And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

[10 Commandments Given]

18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off 19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” 21 The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

[Additional commandments Given – the Law]

Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”  And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

15 Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.16 The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. 18 Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 19:1, 5-8, 10-20; 20:18-21; 24:3, 6-8, 15-17

 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.  You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the Lord.  You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the Lord.  And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.  And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.  And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.  “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”  Leviticus 23:15-22 ESV

26 On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, 27 but offer a burnt offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord: two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs a year old; 28 also their grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths for one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 30 with one male goat, to make atonement for you. 31 Besides the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. See that they are without blemish.  Numbers 28:26-31 ESV

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. 10 Then you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with the tribute of a freewill offering from your hand, which you shall give as the Lord your God blesses you. 11 And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your towns, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow who are among you, at the place that the Lord your God will choose, to make his name dwell there. 12 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt; and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.  Deuteronomy 16:9-12 ESV

What Year Is It Really? (Is It 5991?)

The Day and the Hour and the Year?

From our studies on Pentecost I am becoming more and more confident that it is the “Day” we are to “high watch” for, although I would never be so brazen as to say a certain day WILL BE “The Day”.  [See part 1 of my ongoing study here –Pentecost Part 1 – The Giving of the Law, The Giving of Grace]  The “Hour” will vary for each one of us (and the literal day, actually) because of how we calculate time zones.

But what about the year?  We know from putting together Psalm 90 with the fig tree parable that the “transitional generation” will be approximately 70-80 years in length.  Thus, many of us are anticipating that it will be 73 years at the most (80 – 7 year tribulation) from Israel’s rebirth until we “fly away”.  This gives us a possible rapture window of up to 2021, but perhaps sooner.  [Again, I’m not saying that the rapture *has to* be by then, but am doing my best to rightly divide the scriptures.  This is a theory!]

The years of our life are seventy,
    or even by reason of strength eighty;
yet their span is but toil and trouble;
    they are soon gone, and we fly away.
 Who considers the power of your anger,
    and your wrath according to the fear of you?

So teach us to number our days
    that we may get a heart of wisdom.
Return, O Lord! How long?
    Have pity on your servants!

Psalm 90:10-13 ESV

The span of all our years is toil and trouble in this fallen age, and following Christ is a life of “tribulation” until we “fly away” (either through death or through the rapture).  After we “fly away”, God’s anger and wrath is released.  Only those who have great strength will make it to the 80 year mark, having survived the awful tribulation period.

Return, O Lord!  How long?  Have pity on your servants who are anxiously awaiting Your return!

Does Enoch’s Rapture Give Us a Key?

As I was writing about Enoch’s rapture the other day, it had me thinking.  Tradition holds that he was both born and raptured on the day that would become Pentecost.  And then it tells us the curious detail that he was 365 years old.

Now, the fact that Genesis gives us his age is not unusual, because the ages of all the patriarchs are listed.  This is how we can verify the age of the world and the timelines of history.  But why 365?  Why not 150? Or 843?  That is only about half as long as the other patriarchs lived.  And 365… that’s a very significant number to us as it is the number of days in our solar year.

I ran a number of calculations trying to figure out if there is any significance to the time gap between his rapture and the flood, which was 669 years.  I haven’t come up with anything concrete.  Maybe one of you can?  (Dan Matson??)

What I have previously studied was God’s prophetic timeline and the 7000 years He has allotted to humanity.  In that study I suggested we might be approximately at year 5993 now on God’s calendar (in 2017).  But I believe God is impressing upon my heart a possible correction to that calculation.

First, let me review how I got to the year ~ 5993, taken from this post: God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity:

What Time Is It?

From archaeological evidence, it appears that we have around 6000 years of modern human history.  Without getting into a creation debate, here are some articles if you are interested in the numbers:

One of the challenges to knowing exactly what year it is, is that the tracking of time has changed throughout human history.  A number of calendars have existed, some based on the sun (solar), some on the moon (lunar), and some on a combination of the two (lunisolar).

The Hebrew calendar is a lunisolar calendar, using intercalary months instead of leap years to make up the time difference between the lunar and solar years.  It is based on starting year counts at the creation of the world.  It also has gone through a few revisions and there is a discrepancy between the Orthodox Rabbinic calendar and the Nazarene calendar.  Currently, in 2017, the Orthodox Rabbinic year count is 5777.  The Orthodox Rabbinic calendar is based on a book called the “Seder Olam Rabbah”, which was written in 240 CE (AD).  There is some indication that there are up to 240 “missing years” in this calendar, which may or may not be deliberate.  The Nazarene calendar, on the other hand, uses the accounts in the Old Testament, much as current creation science does.  This is where God’s careful recording of genealogies comes into play!  All Scripture is there for a purpose, to lay out God’s plans and purposes.

Here is the geneaological counting, which was done in 2007:

Adam to the Flood: 1656 years
Flood to the birth of Abraham 454 years
Abraham to the Exodus 430 years
Exodus to the First Temple 480 years
First Temple to the Exile 393 years
Exile to Second Temple 72 years
Total 3,485 years

Next, to count how many years there were between the building of the Second Temple until the year 2007 (i.e., now), we must switch to the Western (Roman) Gregorian calendar. The reason for this is that Scripture does not record these dates for us.

Ezra 6:15
15 Now the Temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius.

Secular historians inform us that the sixth year of the reign of Persian King Darius took place in approximately 515 BCE. When we add 515 years to the 2007 years that have elapsed since Yeshua’s birth, we find that the Second Temple was built approximately 2520 years ago:

Second Temple built 515 BCE
Years elapsed since Yeshua’s birth 2007
Total 2520 years

Now, to find the approximate age of the earth today (in the year 2007), we should add the number of years from the Creation to the building of the Second Temple (3,485) to the number of years from the building of the Second Temple until now (2,520). This will give us the approximate age of the earth in the year 2007 CE:

Creation to the Second Temple 3,485 years
Second Temple to 2007 CE 2,520 years
Years since the Creation (approximate) 6,005 years

(Source: Paul D Newman – http://pauldnewman.blogspot.ca/2007/04/about-240-missing-years.html)

According to this model, we should now be at around year 6015.  This would technically put us into “prophetic overtime”.  Or does it?

The Calendar in the Sun, Moon, and Stars

And God said, “Let there be lights in the vault of the sky to separate the day from the night, and let them serve as signs to mark sacred times, and days and years (Genesis 1:14 ESV)

God provided the sun, moon, and stars to serve as signs and to mark days and years.  The sun, moon, and stars have remained unchanged by humanity.  Is there any sign in the heavens that can give us a clue as to what “time” it is?

Interestingly, when prophecy watchers started scanning the thousands of years of human history and future for a specific sign in the sun, moon, and stars described in Revelation 12:1-2, they found only one match.

And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.  She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth.  (Revelation 12:1-2 ESV)

The sign occurred on September 23, 2017 and is detailed HERE.

While the sign in fulfillment of Revelation 12:1-2 only occurs once, watchmen did find three other partial alignments.  These partial alignments occurred on September 11, 3 BC (Jesus’ birth?), August 27, 70 AD (destruction of Second Temple), and August 5, 3915 BC.

It is the 3915 BC alignment that is relevant to our current discussion:

From Unsealed:

There is a near perfect match on this date (though not as precise as the 2017 alignment).  In fact it is such a close match that it has been speculated that this could have been the date of the Fall of Mankind when God spoke these eerily relevant words to the devil and to Eve in Genesis 3:15-16:

And I will put enmity
between you and the woman,
and between your offspring and hers;
he will crush your head,
and you will strike his heel.”

To the woman he said,
“I will make your pains in childbearing very severe;
with painful labor you will give birth to children.
Your desire will be for your husband,
and he will rule over you.”

Interestingly, in this dialogue the same three entities mentioned in Revelation 12 are also present: the serpent (Revelation 12:9), the woman, and the male child.  The planet Saturn, which some have speculated represents satan, happens to be near the heel of The Lion.

(Source: unsealed.org – http://www.unsealed.org/2017/01/the-revelation-12-sign-compendium.html)

Adam and Eve were created to be eternal beings, and in their perfection were granted to eat freely from the Tree of Life.  Thus, it was only when they FELL and became physically mortal that year counts would start to actually matter.  It was when they FELL that humanity’s “work week” began:

…cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your face you shall eat breadtill you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”  (Genesis 3:17-19 ESV)

Mankind was allotted 7000 years before this form of heaven and earth would be complete and we would return to our eternal state (either with God or apart from Him – the choice is up to each one of us).

Let’s examine what time it might be based on the calendar in the sun, moon, and stars:

3915 BC – Fall of Humanity + 2017 (current year) – 1 (no year “0”) = 5932 years

This puts us under 6000 years, right?  Or does it?

God’s Prophetic Calendar

The length of a year is currently 365.242190 days.  The length of a year is decreasing by approximately 0.000006 every century. (wikipedia)  The Bible, however, uses a year length of 360 days in both Genesis and Revelation.

…they will trample the holy city for forty-two months.  And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for 1,260 days…  (Revelation 11:2-3 ESV)

…and the woman fled into the wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, in which she is to be nourished for 1,260 days. (Revelation 12:6 ESV)

…so that she might fly from the serpent into the wilderness, to the place where she is to be nourished for a time, and times, and half a time. (Revelation 12:14 ESV)

42 30-day months = 1260 days = “time, and times, and half a time” (“time”= 1 360-day year)

In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. (Genesis 7:11 ESV)

At the end of 150 days the waters had abated,  and in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat. (Genesis 8:3-4 ESV)

In Genesis chapters 7-8 we are told the Flood covered the land from the 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month.  This time period totals 150 days.  This would only be true if each month had 30 days in it.

I would assume God uses 360 day years for a reason, not just because the numbers round nice.  Let’s assume that God created the world with 360-day years, as seen in the Flood account above.

Let’s also say that the global flood was in 1656 AM as calculated through the Torah here (AIG), and in the Nazarene calendar above.

At some point between the Flood and Today, the earth wobbled in its orbital path and gained a few days per year.  I would think it is safe to assume that the “fountains of the deep bursting forth” and the “windows of heaven opened” of the Flood had something to do with it.  The Bible doesn’t provide a lot of detail on this, but we know the post-Flood world was significantly different and many species died off at that time.  Whatever happened (asteroid impacts?  massive earthquakes?), we do know that the land was divided (the crust shifted) “in the days of Peleg” and that this occurred a little while after the Flood (Genesis 10:25).  The result is that somehow we ended up with approximately  365.25 day-years.

So, What Time is It Really?

In my original calculations, I used the year 1656 AM and guessed that things settled down to balance out to 365.25 days/year quite quickly after the global flood.  This means humanity has existed for an extra ~5.25 days per year since the global flood.  But if our allotted days are only 6000 360-day-years, what happens if we take into account the “extra” days?  Correcting for these extra days and converting them to 360-day-years gave me the year of 5993.3 or 5992.3 as of 2017.  I will explain how I got there in a moment.

There are several other considerations though.  Was the earth’s orbit affected when the land was divided post-flood in the days of Peleg?  What about in the days of Joshua?  The book of Joshua records for us a unique occasion where the “sun and moon stood still” to allow the Israelites to defeat their enemies.  How was the earth’s orbit affected at this time, or was it?

And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the midst of heaven and did not hurry to set for about a whole day.  Joshua 10:13 ESV

Through the work of Daniel Matson at Watchfortheday, it seems that another adjustment to the Earth’s axis may have occurred around 713BC during the days of King Hezekiah – documented in 2 Kings 20:8-11, when the sun’s shadow went backwards 10 steps.

 And Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “What shall be the sign that the Lord will heal me, and that I shall go up to the house of the Lord on the third day?”  And Isaiah said, “This shall be the sign to you from the Lord, that the Lord will do the thing that he has promised: shall the shadow go forward ten steps, or go back ten steps?”  And Hezekiah answered, “It is an easy thing for the shadow to lengthen ten steps. Rather let the shadow go back ten steps.” And Isaiah the prophet called to the Lord, and he brought the shadow back ten steps, by which it had gone down on the steps of Ahaz.  2 Kings 20:8-11 ESV

Does God really not want us to know the time?  He tells us to watch, and read the time!  He expected the Pharisees to be aware of the time:

You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the appearance of earth and sky, but why do you not know how to interpret the present time?  Luke 12:56 ESV

It is the glory of God to conceal things, but the glory of kings is to search things out.  Proverbs 25:2 ESV

For the Lord GOD does nothing without revealing his secret to his servants the prophets.  Amos 3:7 ESV

And here is where I believe the Key of Enoch might come in.  I am wondering if God raptured Enoch at 365 years old specifically as a clue.

Prior to the Global Flood, the earth had 360-day years.  After the Rapture, I believe the earth will once again have 360-day years.  The resurrection / rapture event will be so severe as to cause the earth to sway and change its orbital path once again.  This is why both Genesis and Revelation use 360-day years in their prophetic time counts.

It is the interim that we are trying to calculate.  What if God gives us 365 years exactly (tradition holding to Enoch being both born and raptured on the same day of the year), to have us use that number in our calculation as the exact average correcting for all the wobbling as described above?

prophetic time.jpg

Calculating the Year

We will use the Revelation 12:1 sign on August 5, 3915 BC as the “Fall” and 1656 BC as the “Flood” as discussed above.

3915 (Fall) – 1656 (Flood) = 2259 years BC

+ 2017.7 years AD – 1 (no year 0)

= 4275.7 years lived with “extra days”

I used 2017.7 because we are approximately 8 months through 2018 if we use August 5 as a starting point for calculations based on the 3915 start point.  I’m not confident we can get that close though.

4275.7 x 365 (Enoch days/year) / 360 (prophetic days/year)

= 4335 360-day-year equivalent years since the Flood

4335 (post flood years) + 1656 (preflood years) = 5991 years

Alternately, some software programs give the year 3914 BC for the sign in question. Using this date:

4334 (post flood years) + 1656 (preflood years) = 5990 years

From these calculations, I would suggest we are currently at approximately year 5991.  This consistently fits in with the “Fig Tree Generation” timeline.  It’s possible we have 2 (maybe 3) years left (said while ducking – please don’t stone me!).  But I hope it’s sooner 😉

I would suggest that waiting until the last possible moment within the window would fit with 2 Peter 3:8-9:

But do not overlook this one fact, beloved, that with the Lord one day is as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.  The Lord is not slow to fulfill his promise as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not wishing that any should perish, but that all should reach repentance.  (ESV)

The Virgin Mary Had a Baby Boy

How far away from the Revelation 12:1-2 sign on September 23, 2017 can we get before it is no longer reliably considered a sign?  This is a valid question and one that I have pondered as well.

For the answer to this I would ask you to consider the Star of Bethlehem that announced Jesus’ birth.  We know that it took up to 2-3 years for the wise men to locate Jesus after they saw and interpreted the Star Sign.

Then Herod, when he saw that he had been tricked by the wise men, became furious, and he sent and killed all the male children in Bethlehem and in all that region who were two years old or under, according to the time that he had ascertained from the wise men.  Matthew 12:16 ESV

Any time up to 3 years would seem to be reasonable to still consider the Revelation 12 sign applicable as a Great Sign.

If you are interested in the Star Sign announcing Jesus’ first coming, I would recommend Rick Larson’s 2007 Documentary entitled The Star of Bethlehem.

 


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity

The Fig Tree Sign and Israel’s Rebirth

Ezekiel’s 430 Days of Laying

The Terminal Generation

Revelation 12 – A Sign in the Heavens, September 23, 2017

Year 6000 – This Wikipedia page discusses the Jewish expectation of the Messianic Age to begin at year 6000 at the latest.  Their calendar is off (see the discussion on the missing years, and the 360-day calendar conversion above), but this shows the Jewish belief of the 7000 years destined for humanity.

God’s Challenge!  Understand My Plan by Douglas Berner

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

Pentecost Part 15 – The Day the Skies Open

I’m a sola scriptura kind of gal, so I try not to include extrabiblical texts in my studies.  I do peek into Jewish expectation at times, as I believe that end times prophecy revolves around Israel and the Hebrew people.  Their expectations will play into how they respond to God’s call.  For that reason, we are going to briefly peek into a Kabbalistic Jewish custom today regarding the Feast of Pentecost.

The custom is known as the Tikkun Leil Shavuot.  The kabbalistic Jews stay up all night studying the Torah in preparation for the celebration of Shavuot (Pentecost).  Included in this tradition is the belief that the skies open up for a brief moment during the night.  They also believe that Shavuot represents the wedding of God, and stay up all night to “decorate the bride”.  Let’s examine some commentaries on this custom:

Tikkun Leil Shavuot

A kabbalistic custom emanating from the mystics in Safed (sixteenth century) is to stay up the whole (first) night of Shavuot studying Torah. The tikkun — a set order of study — was composed of selections from the Bible, rabbinic literature and even mystical literature such as the Zohar. In this fashion the kabbalists prepared for the momentous revelation of the following morning.

This practice of staying up all night is in stark contrast to that of the Israelites at Sinai, who according to tradition slept late into that morning and had to be awakened by Moses. In atonement for this, Jews nowadays stay awake all night. The sense of preparation for Sinai is heightened by a mystical tradition holding that the skies open up during this night for a brief instant. At that very moment, we are told, God will favorably answer any prayer. The kabbalists also regard Shavuot as the wedding of God and Israel and of God’s masculine and feminine parts. Therefore, we stay up all night to “decorate the bride.” While the kabbalists instituted other tikkunim (for the seventh day of Pesah and for Hoshana Rabbah), this is the only one widely observed.

Source:  The Jewish Holidays by Michael Strassfeld, p. 73-74 (https://www.sefaria.org/sheets/36435)

And a second one:

Now children, listen to me: I’ll tell you something of my youth. Now your father is old, and if he let his beard grow as did Abraham, you’d see white hair in his beard. But I too was once a little boy who used to do the things children do. While the old men sat in the house of study preparing themselves for the time of the giving of the Torah the following morning, my friends and I would stand outside looking upward, hoping to catch the moment when the sky splits open and everything you ask for (even supernatural things!) is immediately given you by God — if you are worthy and you catch the right moment. In that case, why do I feel as though none of my wishes has ever been granted? Because I had so many things to ask for that before I decided what to wish first, sleep came upon me and I dozed off. When a man is young, his wishes are many; before he gets around to asking for anything, he is overcome by sleep. When a man is old, he has no desires if he asks for anything he asks for a little sleep.

From The Sign by S.Y. Agnon from A City in its Fullness (https://www.sefaria.org/sheets/36435)

Now, why do I include this mystical tradition in our study?  I include it because we actually are anticipating the skies rolling back as a scroll and the wedding of Christ!

The Sky Be Rolled Back As A Scroll

It Is Well with My Soul
Horatio G. Spafford

When peace, like a river, attendeth my way,
When sorrows like sea billows roll;
Whatever my lot, Thou hast taught me to say,
It is well, it is well with my soul.

Refrain:
It is well with my soul,
It is well, it is well with my soul.

Though Satan should buffet, though trials should come,
Let this blest assurance control,
That Christ hath regarded my helpless estate,
And hath shed His own blood for my soul.

My sin—oh, the bliss of this glorious thought!—
My sin, not in part but the whole,
Is nailed to the cross, and I bear it no more,
Praise the Lord, praise the Lord, O my soul!

For me, be it Christ, be it Christ hence to live:
If Jordan above me shall roll,
No pang shall be mine, for in death as in life
Thou wilt whisper Thy peace to my soul.

But, Lord, ’tis for Thee, for Thy coming we wait,
The sky, not the grave, is our goal;
Oh, trump of the angel! Oh, voice of the Lord!
Blessed hope, blessed rest of my soul!

And Lord, haste the day when the faith shall be sight,
The clouds be rolled back as a scroll;
The trump shall resound, and the Lord shall descend,
Even so, it is well with my soul.

If you’ve been reading through my website at all, you are likely aware that I clearly see the rapture of the church in Seals 5&6, pretribulation.  Let me briefly review for those of you who haven’t been following.  In part 3 of this study series on Pentecost, we reviewed Peter’s Pentecost Prophecy.  In it, he quoted a portion of Joel 2, which I believe defines for us the beginning and ending of the church age.  Peter ends his quotation of Joel 2 with this:

And I will show wonders in the heavens above
    and signs on the earth below,
    blood, and fire, and vapor of smoke;
the sun shall be turned to darkness
    and the moon to blood,
    before the day of the Lord comes, the great and magnificent day.
And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.’  Acts 2:19-21 ESV

If Peter is telling us that the church age will end with the signs detailed in Acts 2:19-21, where do we find a match for this in scripture?  There is only one place:

When he opened the sixth seal, I looked, and behold, there was a great earthquake, and the sun became black as sackcloth, the full moon became like blood,  and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale.  The sky vanished like a scroll that is being rolled up, and every mountain and island was removed from its place.  Then the kings of the earth and the great ones and the generals and the rich and the powerful, and everyone, slave and free, hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains, calling to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of him who is seated on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb,  for the great day of their wrath has come, and who can stand?”  Revelation 6:12-17 ESV

When seal 6 is opened, the sky vanishes like a scroll that is being rolled up.  This is the human perception of what is happening in the earth’s atmosphere and the universe.  It seems that what is occurring here is that the Third Heaven (supernatural) is becoming visible and colliding with the First and Second Heavens (natural realm of atmosphere and space).  The entire sky appears opened, allowing visibility into heaven – people on earth try to hide from what they see, which presumably is God on His throne (or some bright and terrifying supernatural scene).  Note, it’s not a doorway or window that opens, it’s the entire sky – no pushing and shoving necessary, there will be plenty of room for everyone if this is the rapture 😉

it is well.jpg

Seal 5 is a picture of the dead in Christ rising and being transformed into robed resurrection bodies, followed immediately by Seal 6 where the ones still alive and remaining are transformed. This process is described in Isaiah 26:

Your dead shall live; their bodies shall rise.
    You who dwell in the dust, awake and sing for joy!
For your dew is a dew of light,
    and the earth will give birth to the dead.

 Come, my people, enter your chambers,
    and shut your doors behind you;
hide yourselves for a little while
    until the fury has passed by.
 For behold, the Lord is coming out from his place
    to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity,
and the earth will disclose the blood shed on it,
    and will no more cover its slain.

Isaiah 26:19-21 ESV

The body of Christ, both dead and alive, will enter our rest in heaven as per Isaiah 26.  Meanwhile on earth, the number of martyrs will continue accumulating until their fullness is complete (Rev 6:11).  The souls of these martyrs accumulate on the sea of glass in heaven (Rev 15:2).

For more detailed analysis, I recommend these posts:

The heavens will open at the START of the Day of the Lord to receive us (Revelation 6), and at the END of the Day of the Lord to let us out (Revelation 19)!

When the Sky Is Opened

There are several other occasions upon which the sky is opened, which confirm our suspicion that it is not the actual blue sky that opens but that another dimension (the spiritual one) is unveiled.  Let’s take a look at these:

 In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the exiles by the Chebar canal, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.  Ezekiel 1:1 ESV

And when Jesus was baptized, immediately he went up from the water, and behold, the heavens were opened to him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and coming to rest on him; and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”  Matthew 3:16-17 ESV (also, Mark 1:10, Luke 3:21)

Now when they heard these things they were enraged, and they ground their teeth at him.  But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.  And he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.   Acts 7:54-56 ESV

And he said to him, “Truly, truly, I say to you, you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man.”  John 1:51 ESV

…and saw the heavens opened and something like a great sheet descending, being let down by its four corners upon the earth.  Acts 10:11 ESV

After this I looked, and behold, a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice, which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet, said, “Come up here, and I will show you what must take place after this.”  Revelation 4:1 ESV

Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war.  Revelation 19:11 ESV

Other uses of the word dianoigo, or to open fully, is used to describe eyes opening to recognize (Luke 24:31), opened understanding of the scriptures (Luke 24:32), and hearts opened (Acts 16:14).  What is being opened in these instances are the spiritual heavens and spiritual understanding.

We now need to further investigate the second part of the Jewish Kabbalistic tradition on Pentecost – The Decorating of the Bride!

Pentecost Part 16 – The Feast of Weddings and Wedding Suppers

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Blood Moon Sign

The Prophetic Significance of Blood Moons and How They Relate to the Rapture of the Church

The Noisy, Not-So-Secret Rapture of the Church

Braxton Hicks, Labor Pains, and the Time of the End

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 

Pentecost Part 13 – The Resurrection on the Last Day

We have been studying the Last Trump and its possible connection to a future Pentecost.  Now we are going to tackle another “Last” – the “Last Day”.

We understand that the future resurrection/rapture event will occur prior to what is commonly known as the “7 Year Tribulation”, or the Time of Jacob’s Trouble.  How could this possibly be considered the “Last Day”?  Isn’t the “Last Day” of existence right before the eternal state, when the heavens and the earth are destroyed in preparation for the Great White Throne Judgment?

It’s a great question, so let’s examine what scripture says about the “Last Day”:

“Do not work for the food that perishes, but for the food that endures to eternal life, which the Son of Man will give to you. For on him God the Father has set his seal.”   Our fathers ate the manna in the wilderness; as it is written, ‘He gave them bread from heaven to eat.’”  Jesus then said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, but my Father gives you the true bread from heaven.  For the bread of God is he who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world. They said to him, “Sir, give us this bread always.” Jesus said to them, I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe.  All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out.  For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will but the will of him who sent me.  And this is the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day.  For this is the will of my Father, that everyone who looks on the Son and believes in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.” No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him.  And I will raise him up on the last day.  So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you.  Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.  John 6:27-28,31-40,44-45,53-55 ESV

Now when Jesus came, he found that Lazarus had already been in the tomb four days. Bethany was near Jerusalem, about two miles off, and many of the Jews had come to Martha and Mary to console them concerning their brother.  So when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she went and met him, but Mary remained seated in the house. Martha said to Jesus, “Lord, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.  But even now I know that whatever you ask from God, God will give you.”  Jesus said to her, “Your brother will rise again.” Martha said to him, “I know that he will rise again in the resurrection on the last day.  Jesus said to her, I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die. Do you believe this?”  She said to him, “Yes, Lord; I believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who is coming into the world.”  John 11:17-27 ESV

The only references to the “Last Day” are found in the book of John as shown above.  From these passages it is clear that the Last Day has to do with a resurrection to eternal life.  This resurrection is specifically for believers.  Each time Jesus mentions the “Last Day” it is sandwiched in between statements of eternal life.  It is also strongly connected to Him being the bread of life – that whoever comes to Him shall not hunger and whoever believes in Him shall never thirst.  We see this exact phrase immediately after the rapture:

They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

 “Therefore they are before the throne of God,
    and serve him day and night in his temple;
    and he who sits on the throne will shelter them with his presence.
 They shall hunger no more, neither thirst anymore;
    the sun shall not strike them,
    nor any scorching heat.
 For the Lamb in the midst of the throne will be their shepherd,
    and he will guide them to springs of living water,
and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.”  Revelation 7:14-17 ESV

 

If you’re struggling with this being a picture of the newly (pretribulation) raptured church, I recommend reading through these posts:

Jesus’ response to Martha I believe is very telling – I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in me, though he die, yet shall he live, and everyone who lives and believes in me shall never die.”  Those who have died in Him shall live, and those who are living in Him shall never die.  This is clearly a picture of the future resurrection/rapture event!  There is only one moment when millions of living believers will be able to bypass death:

Listen! I am telling you a mystery:  We will not all fall asleep, but we will all be changed, in a moment, in the blink of an eye, at the last trumpet.  For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we will be changed.  For this corruptible must be clothed with incorruptibility, and this mortal must be clothed with immortality.  When this corruptible is clothed with incorruptibility, and this mortal is clothed with immortality, then the saying that is written will take place:

Death has been swallowed up in victory.
Death, where is your victory?
Death, where is your sting?

1 Corinthians 15:51-55 ESV

We do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, concerning those who are asleep, so that you will not grieve like the rest, who have no hope. Since we believe that Jesus died and rose again, in the same way God will bring with Him those who have fallen asleep through Jesus. For we say this to you by a revelation from the Lord: We who are still alive at the Lord’s coming will certainly have no advantage over those who have fallen asleep.  For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the archangel’s voice, and with the trumpet of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first Then we who are still alive will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air and so we will always be with the Lord Therefore encourage one another with these words.  (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17 ESV)

Do not marvel at this, for an hour is coming when all who are in the tombs will hear his voice and come out, those who have done good to the resurrection of life, and those who have done evil to the resurrection of judgment.  John 5:28-29 ESV

 

Note how John refers to the “resurrection of life” and the “resurrection of judgment”.  There are TWO resurrections – the “First Resurrection” and the “General Resurrection”.  The First Resurrection has multiple parts.  I am working on finishing that post and will insert a link to it here when it is ready!  But for now gotquestions explains it like this:

Question: “What is the first resurrection? What is the second resurrection?”

Answer: Daniel 12:2 summarizes the two very different fates facing mankind: “Many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt.” Everyone will be raised from the dead, but not everyone will share the same destiny. The New Testament reveals the further detail of separate resurrections for the just and the unjust.

Revelation 20:4-6 mentions a “first resurrection” and identifies those involved as “blessed and holy.” The second death (the lake of fire, Revelation 20:14) has no power over these individuals. The first resurrection, then, is the raising of all believers. It corresponds with Jesus’ teaching of the “resurrection of the just” (Luke 14:14) and the “resurrection of life” (John 5:29).

The first resurrection takes place in various stages. Jesus Christ Himself (the “first fruits,” 1 Corinthians 15:20), paved the way for the resurrection of all who believe in Him. There was a resurrection of the Jerusalem saints (Matthew 27:52-53) which should be included in our consideration of the first resurrection. Still to come are the resurrection of “the dead in Christ” at the Lord’s return (1 Thessalonians 4:16) and the resurrection of the martyrs at the end of the Tribulation (Revelation 20:4).

Revelation 20:12-13 identifies those comprising the second resurrection as the wicked judged by God at the great white throne judgment prior to being cast into the lake of fire. The second resurrection, then, is the raising of all unbelievers; the second resurrection is connected to the second death. It corresponds with Jesus’ teaching of the “resurrection of damnation” (John 5:29).

The event which divides the first and second resurrections seems to be the millennial kingdom. The last of the righteous are raised to reign “with Christ a thousand years” (Revelation 20:4), but the “rest of the dead [that is, the wicked] lived not again until the thousand years were finished” (Revelation 20:5).

What great rejoicing will attend the first resurrection! What great anguish at the second! What a responsibility we have to share the Gospel! “And others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire” (Jude 23).

Source: https://www.gotquestions.org/resurrection-first-second.html

The “Last Day” is the Resurrection/Rapture event for believers.  It marks the main harvest of the First Resurrection. Unbelievers won’t be resurrected until the end of the Millennial Kingdom, for the Great White Throne Judgment.  So why does Jesus call it a “Last Day”?  Why use such a confusing term?  Well… There is a specific Day that the scriptures talk about hundreds of times.  This Great Day will mark the end of humanity’s reign on earth, so one might refer to it as the Last Day of an era – The Great and Terrible Day of the Lord.

The resurrection/rapture on the Last Day marks the start of the Day of the Lord.  The “Last Day” is the last possible day to get in on the major resurrection/rapture event, before the wrath of God is unleashed upon the earth and the world as we know it comes to a screeching halt.

I would suggest that this is perhaps the Day that Jesus was referring to when He taught:

But concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.  Matthew 24:36 ESV

The Last Day, the Resurrection/Rapture Day, the start of the Day of the Lord – perhaps all the same great day.

Parallel Tracks – On Earth as it is In Heaven

There are parallel tracks running at any given time – one in the supernatural / spiritual realm (the “third heaven”), and one in the natural / physical realm (the “first and second heavens”).  In end times prophecy, we see views from both perspectives.  The Day of Christ is the heavenly track while the Day of the Lord runs its course on earth.

on-earth-as-it-is-in-heaven-copy.jpg

And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,  so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.  Hebrews 9:27-28 ESV

The Day of Christ is the day of redemption, when the age of grace is complete and the church is called to join Jesus in glory.  Jesus tells us in Luke to pray that we are have the strength to stand before the Son of Man and escape all the things that are going to come upon the earth (Luke 21:36).  We do this by being AWAKE spiritually – being born again and sealed by the Holy Spirit.

The body of Christ will be spared from the Day of the Lord.  Followers of Christ are to look forward to the Day of the Lord, as it signals our being gathered unto Christ.

Since all these things are thus to be dissolved, what sort of people ought you to be in lives of holiness and godliness, waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God, because of which the heavens will be set on fire and dissolved, and the heavenly bodies will melt as they burn!  2 Peter 3:11-12 ESV

And let us consider how we may spur one another on toward love and good deeds, not giving up meeting together, as some are in the habit of doing, but encouraging one another—and all the more as you see the Day approaching.  Hebrews 10:24-25 ESV

The Day of the Lord is a day of wrath upon the earth, where those “who refused to love the truth and so be saved” will experience horrific catastrophe in the judgments of God.

You will be a part of one “Great Day”, and they both begin with the rapture of the church.  Which “Day” you are a part of is up to you!

No study of resurrections would be complete without studying the main Biblical theme surrounding the resurrections – The Harvests.  Thus, let us study the Harvest of the Church!

Pentecost Part 14 – The Harvest of the Church Pictured on Pentecost (Amos 8)

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

The Day of Christ- BEMA Seat

The Day and the Hour That is Unknown

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

The Large Multitude Coming “Out Of” Great Tribulation – Part 1

The Large Multitude Coming “Out Of” Great Tribulation – Part 2

Who Will Stand Before the Son of Man?  Examining Luke 21:36

The Overcomers – Studying the Letters to the Churches in Revelation 2&3

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

the last daya

Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies. 

Numbers 10:9 ESV

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  From Parts 9 & 10 of our study, it seems that the “Last Trump” that sounds at the time of the rapture is likely this battle cry of remembrance – for God to rise up and save Israel from destruction.

In Parts 7 & 8 of our study, we noted the connections between the heavenly Mount Zion, our assembling together at the time of the resurrection/rapture event, and the coming of the Day of the Lord.  Let’s review Joel 2, which connects the trumpet of alarm sounding from Zion (which can refer to both the Heavenly Mount Zion, Heavenly Jerusalem, and the Earthly Jerusalem), the coming of the Day of the Lord, the assembling of the people and the bridegroom and bride leaving their chambers (the resurrection/rapture event?), and God sparing His people for the sake of His Holy Name.  God becoming jealous for His land and having pity on His people sounds like Him remembering the Abrahamic Covenant (Israel land and people covenant).  It also sounds exactly like the purpose of the Gog Magog war in Ezekiel 38-39.  Let’s review the passage:

Joel 2:1-2,15-20 ESV

Blow a trumpet in Zion;
    sound an alarm on my holy mountain!
Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble,
    for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near,
a day of darkness and gloom,
    a day of clouds and thick darkness!

Blow the trumpet in Zion;
    consecrate a fast;
call a solemn assembly;
     gather the people.
Consecrate the congregation;
    assemble the elders;
gather the children,
    even nursing infants.
Let the bridegroom leave his room,
    and the bride her chamber.

 Between the vestibule and the altar
    let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep
and say, “Spare your people, O Lord,
    and make not your heritage a reproach,
    a byword among the nations.
Why should they say among the peoples,
    ‘Where is their God?’”

 Then the Lord became jealous for his land

    and had pity on his people.
 The Lord answered and said to his people,
“Behold, I am sending to you
    grain, wine, and oil,
    and you will be satisfied;
and I will no more make you
    a reproach among the nations.

 “I will remove the northerner far from you,
    and drive him into a parched and desolate land,
his vanguard into the eastern sea,
    and his rear guard into the western sea;
the stench and foul smell of him will rise,
    for he has done great things.

In case you are wondering, Zion’s Trump is H7782, Shophar  (Joel 2:1-2).  I think we’ve covered the other connections fairly well in previous posts, so let’s examine the connection with the Battle of Gog & Magog found in Ezekiel 38-39.

The Battle of Gog & Magog – Ezekiel 38-39

God has seemed conspicuously silent towards Israel for the last several thousand years, but in the near future God will break His silence in a specific war detailed in Ezekiel 38-39.

“Gog” and the many nations intend to plunder Israel.  However, we are shown how God sets this war up Himself to fulfill His plans and purposes.  He then intervenes supernaturally to save Israel from certain annihilation for the sake of His own name. 

Basically, God will raise Israel’s enemies up against her in such a way as to guarantee her destruction, just so that He can prevent her from being destroyed.  God breaks His silence with Israel for the purpose of announcing to an unbelieving world that  He intends to fulfill His covenant promises!  He will reclaim Israel as His people and His land.  God mentions this purpose 70 times in the book of Ezekiel; four times in these two chapters alone, to ensure He gets His point across.  However, He has one final test for Israel.

gog_magog

It’s impossible to overemphasize the significance that God Himself is arranging this war exactly according to His schedule.  He will use Gog / Magog as a set-up for both Israel and the nations.  It will be deliberately presented so that it can be interpreted by Israel as the final war (Battle of Armageddon).  When God intervenes, Israel will look for the Messiah to inaugurate the Messianic Kingdom.  A “messiah” will most certainly appear.

Will Israel accept or reject the ultimate false messianic figure?

There are strong connections between Ezekiel 38-39 and the opening of Seal 6 in Revelation 6.  These connections also seemingly mark the beginning of birth pains (Matthew 24, Luke 21, Mark 13).  Collectively, Seal 6, Matthew 24, and Ezekiel 38-39 would seem to mark both the Rapture and the beginning of the Day of the Lord.  We discussed in Part 3, with Peter’s Pentecost Prophecy, how Seal 6 and the end of the church age ties in with Pentecost.  I hope you are starting to notice how all these threads are being woven together to form a beautiful tapestry!

Spare your people, O Lord,
    and make not your heritage a reproach,
    a byword among the nations.
Why should they say among the peoples,
    ‘Where is their God?’”

 Then the Lord became jealous for his land

    and had pity on his people.
 The Lord answered and said to his people,
“Behold, I am sending to you
    grain, wine, and oil,
    and you will be satisfied;
and I will no more make you
    a reproach among the nations.

 “I will remove the northerner far from you,
    and drive him into a parched and desolate land,
his vanguard into the eastern sea,
    and his rear guard into the western sea;
the stench and foul smell of him will rise,
    for he has done great things.

Gog approaches Israel “from the North”, and he will be driven away and slain on the mountains of Israel. Ezekiel 39:4-6 describes this stench, with my commentary in brackets:

You shall fall on the mountains of Israel, you and all your hordes and the peoples who are with you. [Emphasis is on the mountains of Israel, where they will be gathered] I will give you to birds of prey of every sort and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. [instead of humans offering clean animals in sacrifice, humans will be a sacrifice to the birds of prey and beasts of the field – ceremonially unclean animals.  Note the connection here to Luke 17:37 – the first of the sacrificial feasts God prepares for the birds of prey.  This places a strong connection between the rapture at the same time as or followed immediately by the Gog Magog war.] You shall fall in the open field, for I have spoken, declares the Lord God. I will send fire on Magog and on those who dwell securely in the coastlands, and they shall know that I am the Lord. [God will also send judgment on the countries these people came from – the land of Russia and the coastlands – those who stayed behind will not be spared from wrath]

I believe that the upcoming Ezekiel 38-39 (Gog/Magog) war will occur in conjunction with the rapture, and that the antichrist will claim it was the Battle of Armageddon.  He will then seek to “change the times and laws” and attempt to set up his own “kingdom age”.  For more study on the Gog/Magog battle, I refer you to these posts:

The Heavenly Battle – Revelation 12

As on earth, it is in heaven… I believe that the Last Trump will also initiate the greatest heavenly battle of all time.  I believe that THIS is the “heavenly dragon sign” we have been watching for.  I believe it will occur in conjunction with the rapture… as we go up, the angelic hosts go to war.

9045-st-michael-defeats-the-devil-eug-ne-delacroix

As I discussed in this post: Revelation 12 – A Visual RearrangementI believe that Revelation 12 gives an overview of the entire Day of the Lord from a unique vantage point.  I believe that verses 1-6 give an overview, and the rest of the chapter fills in details.  I have discussed Revelation 12 verse by verse HERE.  The part that the Last Trump introduces I believe is this (my commentary in brackets):

And another sign appeared in heaven: behold, a great red dragon, with seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven diadems.  Now war arose in heaven, Michael and his angels fighting against the dragon.  And the dragon and his angels fought back, but he was defeated, and there was no longer any place for them in heaven. And the great dragon was thrown down, that ancient serpent, who is called the devil and Satan, the deceiver of the whole world—he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.

His tail swept down a third of the stars of heaven and cast them to the earth. [Seal 6, Rev 6 – 13 and the stars of the sky fell to the earth as the fig tree sheds its winter fruit when shaken by a gale.  Does the Holy Spirit (Restrainer) remove with a violent wind (gale) just as He came down with a violent wind in Acts 2?]  And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she bore her child he might devour it.

She gave birth to a male child, one who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron, but her child was caught up to God and to his throne,  [resurrection/rapture event]

10 And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, “Now the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God and the authority of his Christ have come, for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who accuses them day and night before our God. 11 And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death.  [Revelation 7 – After this I looked, and behold, a great multitude that no one could number, from every nation, from all tribes and peoples and languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed in white robes, with palm branches in their hands, 10 and crying out with a loud voice, “Salvation belongs to our God who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb!”]

12 Therefore, rejoice, O heavens and you who dwell in them! But woe to you, O earth and sea, for the devil has come down to you in great wrath, because he knows that his time is short!” [1 week of years – 7 years – Restraint has now been lifted on the earth with the removal of the Restrainer, and satan will unleash his plan of deception.  God will send a powerful delusion on those who refused to believe the truth, so that they will believe satan’s lies. 2 Thess. 2]

There is no longer any place (purpose) for the accuser of the brethren (satan) in heaven, because we have been redeemed!  For one brief moment in time there are NO CHRISTIANS left to accuse!  We will conquer him by the blood of the Lamb and the word of our testimony, loving not our lives even unto death.

If you confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For with the heart one believes and is justified, and with the mouth one confesses and is saved.  Romans 10:9-10 ESV

For more on the dragon sign, you can check out these posts:

Who Sounds the Last Trump?

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

last trump.jpg

The Last Trump will not be sounded by humans.  No matter what it is associated with – Feast of God, Battle Cry, Call to Assembly, or all of the above, the Last Trump is clearly sounded by God Himself.  We’ve been examining the different types of trumpets in Scripture, and trying to discern whether the Last Trump is a shophar or the silver trumpets.  But what if the Last Trump, like the First Trump, is referring to the trumpet voice of God?  David Lowe proposes this concept very well in his books Earthquake Resurrection and Then His Voice Shook the Earth.  Lowe explains it this way:

Just what could Paul have meant by the “trumpet of God” in I Thessalonians 4:17? Does the idea of God Almighty placing a gold or silver trumpet to his mouth come to mind? Given his omnipotence, the idea of the Creator of the universe placing a literal trumpet to his mouth in heaven seems a bit unnecessary. Could it be that the trumpet of God is actually his voice rather than a trumpet that he places to his mouth and blows?

Fortunately, there is a wealth of scripture that will shed some light on these questions. The first is Exodus chapter 19, in which the scene is set for the giving of the Ten Commandments. The following is the Septuagint version of the passage:

Exo 19:16 And it came to pass on the third day, as the morning drew nigh, there were voices and lightnings and a dark cloud on Mount Sinai. The voice of the trumpet [salpiggo] sounded loud, and all the people in the camp trembled.

Exo 19:17 And Moses led the people forth out of the camp to meet God, and they stood by under the camp.

Exo 19:18 Now Mount Sinai was altogether in smoke, because God had descended upon it in fire; and the smoke went up like the smoke of a furnace, and the people were exceedingly amazed.

Exo 19:19 And the sounds of the trumpet [salpiggo] were growing much louder. Moses spoke, and God answered him with a voice.

It is clear from this famous account that the voice heard from the mountain was the sound of a trumpet.  As God spoke to Moses, his voice reverberated and shook Mount Sinai, and the people were extremely terrified. When Paul recounted this spectacle in the letter to the Hebrews, the voice of the trumpet is again mentioned:

Heb 12:18 For you have not come to something that can be touched, to a burning fire and darkness and gloom and a whirlwind

Heb 12:19 and the blast of a trumpet [salpiggos] and a voice uttering words such that those who heard begged to hear no more

The trumpet and the voice are again combined in describing God’s communication to the Israelites.  Another example of supernatural communication and trumpets is found in Revelation, when John  encountered the Lord on the isle of Patmos:

Rev 1:10 I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s Day when I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet [salpiggo],

Rev 4:1 After these things I looked, and there was a door standing open in heaven! And the first voice I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet [salpiggo] said: “Come up here so that I can show you what must happen after these things.”

Revelation chapter 1 states that John heard the resurrected Jesus Christ speaking to him, who would have been seated at the right hand of God after his ascension. In both cases, John described the voice he heard as a loud trumpet blast.

In each of the verses explored above, the Greek words salpiggi or salpiggo are used to describe a trumpet or the sound of the trumpet. These Greek words are also found in the two prophetic passages in I Corinthians and I Thessalonians in describing the sound just before the dead are resurrected:

I Cor 15:52 in a moment, in the blinking of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpiggi]. For the trumpet will sound [salpisei], and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed.

I The 4:16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven with a shout of command, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trumpet [salpiggi] of God [theos], and the dead in Christ will rise first.

According to Strong’s Concordance, these words are associated with the reverberation and vibration sound made by a trumpet when it is blown. These Greek words have root word origins that are too interesting and important to bypass. Again according to Strong’s Concordance, one root word is salos, which
means the quavering or billowing of the waves on the sea, and is used but once in the New Testament:

Luke 21:25 “And there will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth nations will be in distress, anxious over the roaring of the sea and the surging waves [salou].

Source: http://www.earthquakeresurrection.com/excerpts/08.voiceandtrumpet.pdf

The “Last Trump” that will call us up to heaven is the trumpet voice of God Himself, issuing forth from the Heavenly Mount Zion just as it did at the First Trump on the earthly Mount Sinai.  It will be a call for the body of Christ to assemble, a call for the angels to go to war, and a call for God to intervene on behalf of His people for the sake of His Holy Name.

This introduces us to our next post:

Pentecost Part 12 – Covenants Confirmed, Covenants Proclaimed

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Covenant With Israel – Who Confirms It?

Connecting Isaiah 17, Psalm 83, Ezekiel 38&39

When God Intervenes (Douglas Berner) – I recommend this book for multiple reasons, but it has a very good discussion of the Gog Magog war.

The Silence is Broken!  God Hooks Ezekiel’s Gog & Magog (Douglas Berner) – If you are really interested in Ezekiel 38-39, this is an exhaustive discussion of it!

Douglas Berner has several short articles available online.

The Trumpet of God and His Voice: Are They the Same? – David Lowe

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

Ok guys, hang on to your hats, this is going to blow you away!  Fellow watchwoman Kate Engel and I have been chewing on this the last few days and I will try to present our findings!

The First Trump

The very first mention in the Bible of a trumpet blast is found in Exodus chapter 19.  You should be familiar with this chapter by now, as it records the very first Pentecost, when God came down to meet with Moses on Mount Sinai to give the 10 Commandments.  More specifically, God instituted the Mosaic Covenant and the Dispensation of Law on this day.  And He did so with the First Trump in scripture:

When Moses told the words of the people to the Lord,  the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments  and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.  And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death.  No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast [yobel H3104; mashak H4900], they shall come up to the mountain.”  So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments.  And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast [chazaq H2389; shophar H7782], so that all the people in the camp trembled. Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.  Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.  And as the sound of the trumpet [shophar, H7782] grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.  The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.  Exodus 19:9-20 ESV

The words used for trumpet in this passage are Strong’s H3104, Hebrew yobel, and H7782, Hebrew shophar.  I want you to note that they are used interchangeably.  This blast was used to call the Israelites to assembly at the foot of Mount Sinai in preparation to enter into covenant with God.

Yobel, H3104
Strong’s Concordance
yobel: a ram, ram’s horn (a wind instrument)
Transliteration: yobel
Short Definition: jubilee

Brown-Driver-Briggs

2 designation of 50th year, marked by blowing of cornets, AV ‘jubile’ (so Late Hebrew יוֺבֵלᵑ7 יובֵילָא, as loan-word); originally no doubt שְׁנַת הַיּוֺבֵל year of the ram (‘s horn), as Leviticus 25:13,28,40,50,52,54 (all H), Leviticus 27:17,18,23,24 (all P), but then, without שׁנת, as יוֺבֵל הִוא תִּהְיֶה לָכֶם Leviticus 25:10 a ram (‘s horn blowing) shall it be to you; so Leviticus 25:11Leviticus 25:12Leviticus 25:15Leviticus 25:28Leviticus 25:30Leviticus 25:31Leviticus 25:33 (all H), Leviticus 27:18Numbers 36:4 (both P).

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet

Or yobel {yob-ale’}; apparently from yabal; the blast of a horn (from its continuous sound); specifically, the signal of the silver trumpets; hence, the instrument itself and the festival thus introduced — jubile, ram’s horn, trumpet.

http://biblehub.com/hebrew/3104.htm

Did you notice the very interesting connection between the first description of the long trumpet blast [yobel mashak] and the Jubilee?  When we go to Leviticus 25:9, which designates the Jubilee trumpet blast, the Hebrew words used are the trumpet [shophar] of the Jubilee [teruah].  We examined teruah in our last post as a great shouting, such as on the Feast of Trumpets (Shouting).  Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance links the yobel to the specific signal from the silver trumpets.

Shophar, H7782
Strong’s Concordance
shophar: a horn (for blowing)

Transliteration: shophar
Phonetic Spelling: (sho-far’)
Short Definition: trumpet

At the First Trump, we have both the yabal and the shophar being used interchangeably, with links to the silver trumpets.

Call to Assemble, Call to Battle

The shofar, or ram’s horn trumpet, features regularly in the service of the Temple.  God also commanded Moses to make two silver trumpets to be sounded regularly.  The Feasts of God all involve the sounding of trumpets.  Besides being blown on the feast days, the trumpets were used to call the Israelites to assembly, to call them to battle, to announce their months, and to sound at burnt offerings and peace offerings. Let’s examine the passage in Numbers 10:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp.  And when both are blown, all the congregation shall gather themselves to you at the entrance of the tent of meeting.  But if they blow only one, then the chiefs, the heads of the tribes of Israel, shall gather themselves to you.  When you blow an alarm, the camps that are on the east side shall set out.  And when you blow an alarm the second time, the camps that are on the south side shall set out. An alarm is to be blown whenever they are to set out.  But when the assembly is to be gathered together, you shall blow a long blast, but you shall not sound an alarm.  And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow the trumpets. The trumpets shall be to you for a perpetual statute throughout your generations.  And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.”  Numbers 10:1-10 ESV

Based on studying what the trumpet blasts are to be used for:

  • one trumpet blast – the chiefs and heads of the tribes shall be gathered
  • two trumpets sounding in one long blast – summoning the entire congregation
  • gathering them together in assembly at the entrance of the tent of meeting
  • breaking camp
  • sounding an alarm right before war
  • the purpose of reminding God to save them from their enemies
  • sounding the day of gladness
  • sounding at appointed feasts
  • sounding at the beginnings of months
  • sounding over burnt offerings
  • sounding over the sacrifices of peace offerings

The First Trump, as we saw above, was one long blast which summoned the entire congregation before Mount Sinai.  It also sounded the very first Pentecost.  So now let’s look, what kind of trumpet and blast is the Last Trump?

The Last Trump

…in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet [salpigx, G4536]. For the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet [salpigx, G4536] of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

We have to connect the Greek (New Testament) with the Hebrew (Old Testament).  We know the Last Trump is a Salpigx:

Last Trump: G4536, salpigx (1 Corinthians 15:52; 1 Thessalonians 4:16)

How do we connect the salpigx to the Hebrew?  Fortunately, Hebrews 12 gives us the answer:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet [salpingos, G4536] and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  Hebrews 12:18-20 ESV

We now know that the Sinai Trump, the First Trump, is equivalent in meaning to the Last Trump.  They are of the same kind:

Sinai Trump: G4536, salpingos (Hebrews 12:19)

So what exactly does the concordance have to say about a salpigx?

G4536, Salpigx
Strong’s Concordance
salpigx: a trumpet

Original Word: σάλπιγξ, ιγγος, ἡ
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: salpigx
Phonetic Spelling: (sal’-pinx)
Short Definition: a trumpet
Definition: a trumpet, the sound of a trumpet.

HELPS Word-studies

4536 sálpigks – “properly, a war-trumpet” (WS, 797) that boldly announces God’s victory (the vanquishing of His enemies).

In the OT, trumpets were used to called God’s people to war, and to announce victory wrought by Him. That is, a military clarion that proclaimed the Lord inspired and empowered the victory on behalf of His people.

[“The trumpet was the signal employed to call the hosts of Israel to march as to war, and is common in prophetic imagery (Is 27:13). Cf. The seventh angel (Rev 11:15)” (WP, 1, 193).

Trumpets in the OT summoned God’s saints for His righteous wars (Nu 10:9; Jer 4:19; Joel 2:1). See also Lev 23:24,25; Nu 10:2-10; Ps 81:3.]

Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance

trumpet.

Perhaps from salos (through the idea of quavering or reverberation); a trumpet — trump(-et).

see GREEK salos

Source: http://biblehub.com/greek/4536.htm

The “Last Trump”, while also calling us to assembly on the Heavenly Mount Zion as we have studied in Hebrews 12 (the rapture), seems to primarily be a call to war.

Do you remember what Numbers 10 told us was one of the purposes of the silver trumpets, which seem to be used interchangeably with the ram’s horn shophar?

And when you go to war in your land against the adversary who oppresses you, then you shall sound an alarm with the trumpets, that you may be remembered before the Lord your God, and you shall be saved from your enemies.  

The sounding of the trumpets, when used in war, was to cause Israel to be remembered before the Lord their God in order that He should save them from their enemies.  Does this sound shockingly familiar???

Pentecost Part 11 – God’s Battle Cry in the Last Trump

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church

 last trump


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

The Day of Christ- BEMA Seat

The Millennial Kingdom

Who Will Stand Before the Son of Man?  Examining Luke 21:36

What’s Shaking?  The Earth, The Heavens, or Both?

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 


Passages Describing the Feast of Pentecost

When studying Biblical teaching, I believe it is always important to read the source for yourself.  Not just a verse or two, but the entire relevant passage.  This will sharpen your discernment skills, as you examine the scriptures for yourself to see if these things are so.  Much of the fall ruckus over the Jubilee and Yom Kippur could have been avoided if everyone had just read Leviticus chapter 23.  So with no further delay, here are the relevant passages describing the celebration of the Feast of Pentecost (Weeks):

On the third new moon after the people of Israel had gone out of the land of Egypt, on that day they came into the wilderness of Sinai.

Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words that you shall speak to the people of Israel.”So Moses came and called the elders of the people and set before them all these words that the Lord had commanded him. All the people answered together and said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do.”

 the Lord said to Moses, “Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their garments 11 and be ready for the third day. For on the third day the Lord will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people. 12 And you shall set limits for the people all around, saying, ‘Take care not to go up into the mountain or touch the edge of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall be put to death. 13 No hand shall touch him, but he shall be stoned or shot; whether beast or man, he shall not live.’ When the trumpet sounds a long blast, they shall come up to the mountain.” 14 So Moses went down from the mountain to the people and consecrated the people; and they washed their garments. 15 And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

16 On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled. 17 Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain. 18 Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly. 19 And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder. 20 The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

[10 Commandments Given]

18 Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off 19 and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.” 20 Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” 21 The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

[Additional commandments Given – the Law]

Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord and all the rules. And all the people answered with one voice and said, “All the words that the Lord has spoken we will do.”  And Moses took half of the blood and put it in basins, and half of the blood he threw against the altar. Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it in the hearing of the people. And they said, “All that the Lord has spoken we will do, and we will be obedient.” And Moses took the blood and threw it on the people and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant that the Lord has made with you in accordance with all these words.”

15 Then Moses went up on the mountain, and the cloud covered the mountain.16 The glory of the Lord dwelt on Mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days. And on the seventh day he called to Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 17 Now the appearance of the glory of the Lord was like a devouring fire on the top of the mountain in the sight of the people of Israel. 18 Moses entered the cloud and went up on the mountain. And Moses was on the mountain forty days and forty nights.

Exodus 19:1, 5-8, 10-20; 20:18-21; 24:3, 6-8, 15-17

 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering.  You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the Lord.  You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the Lord.  And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.  And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings.  And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest.  And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.  “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”  Leviticus 23:15-22 ESV

26 On the day of the firstfruits, when you offer a grain offering of new grain to the Lord at your Feast of Weeks, you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work, 27 but offer a burnt offering, with a pleasing aroma to the Lord: two bulls from the herd, one ram, seven male lambs a year old; 28 also their grain offering of fine flour mixed with oil, three tenths of an ephah for each bull, two tenths for one ram, 29 a tenth for each of the seven lambs; 30 with one male goat, to make atonement for you. 31 Besides the regular burnt offering and its grain offering, you shall offer them and their drink offering. See that they are without blemish.  Numbers 28:26-31 ESV

You shall count seven weeks. Begin to count the seven weeks from the time the sickle is first put to the standing grain. 10 Then you shall keep the Feast of Weeks to the Lord your God with the tribute of a freewill offering from your hand, which you shall give as the Lord your God blesses you. 11 And you shall rejoice before the Lord your God, you and your son and your daughter, your male servant and your female servant, the Levite who is within your towns, the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow who are among you, at the place that the Lord your God will choose, to make his name dwell there. 12 You shall remember that you were a slave in Egypt; and you shall be careful to observe these statutes.  Deuteronomy 16:9-12 ESV

Pentecost Part 9 – The Trumpets and the Feasts

We want to examine which trumpet is blown in Zion in Joel 2:1-2.  To examine this, first we’re going to back up a little bit and discuss another trumpet, and see if we can connect them.

There has been a lot of confusion and controversy surrounding three little words – “The Last Trump”.

in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised imperishable, and we shall be changed.  1 Corinthians 15:52 ESV

For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and with the sound of the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first.  1 Thessalonians 4:16 ESV

Is this “Last Trump” the last of the 7 Trumpet Judgments?  Those who would try to refute a pretribulation rapture claim that Paul was referring to the last in the series of trumpet judgments which John would write about some 20-40 years later.  The difficulty with the Trumpet 7 Judgment interpretation, despite the obvious lack of reference for Paul’s audience at the time he wrote it, is that there are no additional trumpets mentioned in the sequence.  Notable too, is that angels blow the 7 trumpets of judgment, compared to the rapture, in which the trumpet of God is sounded.  The Last Trump isn’t the 7th Trumpet of Revelation.

What is the Last Trump then?  Is this “Last Trump” the last trumpet sounded on the Feast of Trumpets?  Is it the “Last Trump” of a Jubilee year on Yom Kippur?  Is it the “Last Trump” sounded in a feast year on the mysterious Eighth Day after the Feast of Tabernacles?  Or is the “Last Trump” something else?  Could the “Last Trump” be the trumpet blast that is sounded in Mount Zion right before the Day of the Lord???

Last Trump Contenders

Many watchmen have correctly identified that the Feasts of God are a beautiful picture of God’s redemption plan for humanity.  It is commonly assumed that all 4 Spring Feasts have been fulfilled (although we have been challenging that belief about Pentecost in this series).  Thus, focus has mostly been on the Fall Feasts as possible rapture date contenders, so let’s take a moment to examine these:

Feast of Trumpets (Yom Teruah) – I understand the connections that have been made regarding the “last trump” with the Feast of Trumpets.  I mean, the name of that feast alone tends to make it stand out as a strong contender.

Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets [teruah, H8643] , a holy convocation.  Leviticus 23:24 ESV

On the first day of the seventh month you shall have a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a day for you to blow the trumpets [teruah, H8643]… Numbers 29:1 ESV

From Hebrew tradition, it seems that the Feast of Trumpets contained the “last trump” and Yom Kippur sounded the “great trump”.  On the Feast of Trumpets, traditionally 100 blasts of the shofar would be sounded, with the last being the Tekiah Gedolah – a specific long blast.  Despite the lack of scriptural corroboration for these blasts, the Jewish traditions seem very compelling.  As such, this feast has remained a “high watch” day for me as a possible shadow fulfillment with the rapture.

The shofar blasts are truly spine tingling and if you’ve never heard them I highly recommend checking them out on YouTube.  Here’s a sample:

Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) – Another Last Trump contender that I have considered as a possibility is Yom Kippur.  The 10 Days between the Feast of Trumpets and the Day of Atonement are somber and reflective, during which one’s eternal fate is believed to be “sealed”.  It is said in Jewish tradition that books are opened on the day of Yom Teruah (Feast of Trumpets).  The righteous are written in the Book of Life, the wicked are written in the Book of Death, and those in limbo have ten days to repent before their fate is sealed in one book or the other.  Seal 7 seems to describe the Yom Kippur Temple ceremony in the heavenly temple, right before God’s wrath begins to rain down upon the earth.  Thus,  Yom Kippur could possibly both start and end the Tribulation period (as far as the day counts go, I believe the earth will be rocked back to 360-day-years at the time of the rapture).

The Jubilee Trump – The Trump announcing a Jubilee is a very specific loud trumpet blast [tekiah shophar] found in Leviticus 25:9.  Despite what many are teaching about this trumpet, the Jubilee Trump is sounded on Yom Kippur to mark the START of a Jubilee year, not the end of one.  The main excitement over the Jubilee cycle has come from a so-called prophecy by a Rabbi named Judah ben Samuel.  This prophecy is *HIGHLY SUSPECT* and I have detailed that here: Does Yom Kippur 2017 Mark the Loud Trump of a Jubilee?  Looking at significant dates in Israel’s history would indicate there is a possibility that 2017 could indeed start a Jubilee.  Dan Matson has done a lot of work studying this possibility at WatchForTheDay if you want to check it out.  In my opinion, the Jubilees are about Israel, and releasing her from slavery.  While gentile believers have been freed from our slavery to sin, I’m wondering if the Jubilee has more to do with the fulfillment of Daniel’s 70th week than it does about the snatching of the Bride of Christ.  As such, I personally believe the Jubilee will fall on the 6000th year of human government at the end of the Tribulation period.  (By the way, I believe we are currently in approximately year 5993 – God’s Prophetic Timeline – 7000 Years of Humanity).

The Eighth Day – I personally never found the eighth day compelling as a possible rapture date.  The Feast of Tabernacles clearly is associated with the Millennial Kingdom rule of Christ, although some have suggested it could shadow fulfill by our “tabernacling” with Christ in our “chambers” during the time of tribulation (as per Isaiah 26).  It is true that there is a trumpet blast on the 8th Day of the Feast of Tabernacles, which would be the final trumpet blast of that year’s feast cycles.  It would mark the “Last Trump” of the feast year.

The Fall Feasts – Trumpets, Atonement, and Tabernacles – point to the future completion of God’s redemptive program.  I believe the complete fulfillment of all 3 fall feasts will occur in the same year, at the Second Coming. What we don’t know is if there will be a Shadow fulfillment of these feasts, or not.  I have studied them in the past here:

  1. The Feasts of God – His Appointed Times
  2. The Harvest of the Church and the Fulfillment of the Feasts of God 
  3. Jewish Traditions in the Fall Feasts
  4. Yom Kippur – Do We Go Up As Wrath Comes Down?

With the fall feasts discussed, let’s examine the possibility that the “Last Trump” is not connected to a Feast of God at all.

No Feast – Hillary MC recently posted an interesting study in which she suggests that BOTH the First and Last Trumps will sound at the time of the rapture, perhaps not in connection with any Feast Date:

Look at the order:
  1. The dead in Christ rise first
  2. Then we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds
Or, look at it another way:
  1. The trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible (the dead rise before we do)
  2. We who are alive and remain shall be changed at the last trump
See it?
  1. The trumpet shall sound (this is the first trump): the dead rise and the corruptible puts on incorruptible
  2. The trumpet sounds again (this is the last trump) and we shall be changed: this mortal puts on immortality and we are caught up together with them to meet the Lord in the air.

There are two trumpets for the rapture. Or two trumpet blasts: a first one and a last one. The first, for the dead in Christ. The last, for we who are alive and remain.

“And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.” (Numbers 10:1-3)
Who is The Door?
Source: https://www.facebook.com/notes/hillary-mc/what-is-the-last-trump-of-the-rapture-of-the-church/187206301889451/

With all these possibilities discussed, I personally believe that the “Last Trump” is connected to the Feasts of God as well as to the Rapture of the Church.  The challenge has been how to demonstrate this connection in scripture.  I believe the key might be contained in Joel chapter 2, with the Trumpet being blown in Zion.

What’s That You’re Blowing?

When we examined the Feast of Trumpets earlier, we noted that the “day of blowing” was to be with the trumpets, or with shouting [teruah, H8643].  

Strong’s Concordance
teruah: a shout or blast of war, alarm, or joy

Original Word: תְּרוּעָה
Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: teruah
Phonetic Spelling: (ter-oo-aw’)
Short Definition: shout

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from rua
Definition
a shout or blast of war, alarm, or joy
NASB Translation
alarm (5), battle cry (2), blowing (1), blowing trumpets (1), joy (1), joyful sound (1), resounding (1), shout (10), shout of alarm (1), shout of joy (1), shouted (1), shouting (4), shouts of joy (1), signal (1), trumpet blast (1), war cries (2), war cry (1).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/8643.htm

This word is used on a number of occasions in scripture, and is translated “the Jubilee”, blowing of trumpets, an alarm, the shout, an alarm is to be blown, a great shout (Joshua with the walls of Jericho), shouting, rejoicing, war cry, and shouts of joy.  Sometimes the blowing is via ram’s horn (shofar), sometimes by human voices, sometimes by a pair of silver trumpets, and sometimes it is unspecified.

shout.png

Digging deeper, we find that there are TWO different types of trumpets.  First, is a ram’s horn shophar.  Second, is a pair of silver trumpets.

The ram’s horn is the shophar [H7782].

Strong’s Concordance
shophar: a horn (for blowing)

Original Word: שׁוֹפָר
Part of Speech: Noun Masculine
Transliteration: shophar
Phonetic Spelling: (sho-far’)
Short Definition: trumpet

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from shaphar
Definition
a horn (for blowing)
NASB Translation
horn (4), horns (1), ram’s horn (1), trumpet (46), trumpeter* (1), trumpets (19).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/7782.htm

shofar.jpg

This pair of silver trumpets is the chatsotsrah [H2689].

Strong’s Concordance
chatsotsrah: (an ancient) trumpet

Part of Speech: Noun Feminine
Transliteration: chatsotsrah
Phonetic Spelling: (khats-o-tser-aw’)
Short Definition: trumpets

NAS Exhaustive Concordance

Word Origin
from an unused word
Definition
(an ancient) trumpet
NASB Translation
trumpet (1), trumpeters (3), trumpets (26).

Source: http://biblehub.com/hebrew/2689.htm

silver trumpets.jpg

Let’s go to a key passage in Numbers 10, which informs us that trumpets are involved in ALL the Feasts of God:

The Lord spoke to Moses, saying,  “Make two silver trumpets. Of hammered work you shall make them, and you shall use them for summoning the congregation and for breaking camp…  On the day of your gladness also, and at your appointed feasts and at the beginnings of your months, you shall blow the trumpets [chatsotsrah, H2689] over your burnt offerings and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings. They shall be a reminder of you before your God: I am the Lord your God.  Numbers 10:1,10 ESV

The trumpets used to be used at the Feasts of God are the chatsotsrah, the two silver trumpets.

That’s all very nice and good, but what we really want to know is which type of trumpet is the Last Trump????  Is the Last Trump a chatsotrsrah, that will sound on a Feast Day?

For this, we need to find out what kind of trumpet the First Trump was, and when it was sounded.  I do not believe that the First and Last Trump will both be sounded at the rapture, because I believe the First Trump has already sounded – on Pentecost!

Pentecost Part 10 – The First Trump and the Last Trump – On Pentecost?

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

What is the “Last Trump” of the Rapture of the Church?  (Hillary MC)

The Last Trump of the Rapture Explained (Beginning and End)

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!

 

Pentecost Part 8 – Pentecost, Joel 2, and the Coming of the Day of the Lord

In part 7 of our study on Pentecost, we connected Hebrews 12 both to the original Pentecost (Shavuot) and a future rapture followed by a time of wrath on earth, also possibly starting on Pentecost.  Let’s examine that connection more fully in this post.

Thunder, Lightning, Smoke, Fire, and Terror

Remember back in part 1 of our study I told you to remember the thunder, lightning, billowing smoke, fire, and the voluminous blast of the trumpet sending terror into the heart of the people on Mount Sinai?  This is what the author of Hebrews is referring to.  See the comparison:

Exodus:

On the morning of the third day there were thunders and lightnings and a thick cloud on the mountain and a very loud trumpet blast, so that all the people in the camp trembled.  Then Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet God, and they took their stand at the foot of the mountain.  Now Mount Sinai was wrapped in smoke because the Lord had descended on it in fire. The smoke of it went up like the smoke of a kiln, and the whole mountain trembled greatly.  And as the sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him in thunder.  The Lord came down on Mount Sinai, to the top of the mountain. And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up.

[10 Commandments Given]

Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet and the mountain smoking, the people were afraid and trembled, and they stood far off  and said to Moses, “You speak to us, and we will listen; but do not let God speak to us, lest we die.”  Moses said to the people, “Do not fear, for God has come to test you, that the fear of him may be before you, that you may not sin.” The people stood far off, while Moses drew near to the thick darkness where God was.

Exodus 19:10-20; 20:18-21

Hebrews:

For you have not come to what may be touched, a blazing fire and darkness and gloom and a tempest and the sound of a trumpet and a voice whose words made the hearers beg that no further messages be spoken to them.  For they could not endure the order that was given, “If even a beast touches the mountain, it shall be stoned.”  Indeed, so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, “I tremble with fear.”  

[that was on the first Pentecost, the giving of the Laws of Moses on Sinai]

But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, and to innumerable angels in festal gathering,  and to the assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, and to God, the judge of all, and to the spirits of the righteous made perfect,  and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood that speaks a better word than the blood of Abel.

[this suggests the resurrection/rapture event in my opinion, when we are gathered to the heavenly Mount Zion]

See that you do not refuse him who is speaking. For if they did not escape when they refused him who warned them on earth, much less will we escape if we reject him who warns from heaven.  At that time his voice shook the earth, but now he has promised, “Yet once more I will shake not only the earth but also the heavens.”  This phrase, “Yet once more,” indicates the removal of things that are shaken—that is, things that have been made—in order that the things that cannot be shaken may remain. Therefore let us be grateful for receiving a kingdom that cannot be shaken, and thus let us offer to God acceptable worship, with reverence and awe,  for our God is a consuming fire. 

[this section is referring to the entire Day of the Lord, which culminates in God shaking the heavens and the earth to remove the kingdoms of humanity and of the fallen angelic realm.  This is when Jesus will set up His Millennial Kingdom – at the Second Coming]

Hebrews 12:18-29 ESV

A Time of Darkness

Just as God marked His arrival on Mount Sinai with a time of darkness upon the mountain, the Day of the Lord will be a time of great darkness over the whole earth.  Let’s see how well the descriptions match up:

Mount Sinai – Giving of the Law

Preceded by:

  • a time of consecration beforehand, they should ensure their garments are washed
  • come near the mountain, but do not touch it on penalty of death
  • refrain from sexual intercourse
  • stand before the mountain

Marked by:

  • thunder
  • lightning
  • fire
  • smoke
  • thick cloud
  • darkness
  • gloom
  • tempest
  • very long, loud trumpet blast
  • a great earthquake
  • thunderous reverberating voice of God
  • all the people terrified

Day of the Lord – Coming of Wrath

Preceded by:

  • The gathering of believers unto Christ (the apostasia, or rapture) – ensure our garments are washed in the blood of the Lamb!
  • Believers gather on the heavenly Mount Zion, a place of rejoicing!  (Heb12)
  • The revealing of the antichrist
  • Elijah will appear

Marked by:

  • thunder
  • lightning
  • hailstones
  • fire
  • torrential rains
  • blood
  • columns of smoke
  • sulfur
  • darkness
  • wonders in the heavens and on the earth
  • great earthquake, starting in Israel and spreading globally
  • mountains thrown down
  • cliffs shall fall
  • every wall shall tumble to the ground
  • all the people on earth terrified

While the Day of the Lord and the Giving of the Law at Sinai obviously have very different intents and purposes, I want you to notice how God’s interactions with humanity invoke fear and terror in the hearts of man.  At the conclusion of each of the Seals, Trumpets, and Bowls, there are flashes of lightning, thunder, and rumblings.

Behold, the day of the Lord comes, cruel, with wrath and fierce anger, to make the land a desolation and to destroy its sinners from it.”  Isaiah 13:9 ESV 

God will rise up to protect Israel from certain destruction in order that all prophecy can be fulfilled; this begins the Day of the Lord.  The Day of the Lord is an intense period of God’s intervention and judgment (wrath) on earth.

During the Day of the Lord:

  • The earth, and in particular Jerusalem, will be cleansed of its bloodguilt (answering the prayers of the Seal 5 martyrs)
  • Nations will be judged by how they treated Israel
  • Wickedness will be purged
  • Those who rejected God’s salvation plan will be punished (2 Thessalonians 2)

The Second Coming of Jesus Christ ends the wrath of the Day of the Lord and will bring about Israel’s reconciliation with God.  Ultimately, the Day of the Lord will prepare the earth (physically) and its inhabitants (spiritually) for Jesus to usher in His Millennial Kingdom.

Blow A Trumpet in Zion!

When praying for understanding the connections between Pentecost and the Day of the Lord several nights ago, the Lord brought to mind a song from when I was a kid in church:

 

I believe a key passage to understanding the connections between Pentecost, the Day of the Lord, the Ezekiel 38-39 war, and the rapture of the church is found in Joel Chapter 2.

Joel 2:1-2,15-20,28-32 ESV

Blow a trumpet in Zion;
    sound an alarm on my holy mountain!
Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble,
    for the day of the Lord is coming; it is near,
a day of darkness and gloom,
    a day of clouds and thick darkness!

Blow the trumpet in Zion;
    consecrate a fast;
call a solemn assembly;
     gather the people.
Consecrate the congregation;
    assemble the elders;
gather the children,
    even nursing infants.
Let the bridegroom leave his room,
    and the bride her chamber.

 Between the vestibule and the altar
    let the priests, the ministers of the Lord, weep
and say, “Spare your people, O Lord,
    and make not your heritage a reproach,
    a byword among the nations.
Why should they say among the peoples,
    ‘Where is their God?’”

 Then the Lord became jealous for his land

    and had pity on his people.
 The Lord answered and said to his people,
“Behold, I am sending to you
    grain, wine, and oil,
    and you will be satisfied;
and I will no more make you
    a reproach among the nations.

 “I will remove the northerner far from you,
    and drive him into a parched and desolate land,
his vanguard into the eastern sea,
    and his rear guard into the western sea;
the stench and foul smell of him will rise,
    for he has done great things.

“And it shall come to pass afterward,
    that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh;
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
    your old men shall dream dreams,
    and your young men shall see visions.
 Even on the male and female servants
    in those days I will pour out my Spirit.

“And I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and columns of smoke.  The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes. And it shall come to pass that everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved. For in Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there shall be those who escape, as the Lord has said, and among the survivors shall be those whom the Lord calls.

 

Notice that a trumpet sounds in Zion before the Day of the Lord begins (Joel 2:1-2).  The Day of the Lord follows, accompanied by darkness, clouds, gloom, and thick darkness.  Note the assembly of the people, the bridegroom and the bride leaving their chambers.  The bridegroom would leave His chamber, heaven, at the time of the opening of the skies to reveal Him.  The bride would leave her earthly chambers to come join Him in the heavenly ones that He has prepared for her.  We will speak more on this wedding in a future post!

I also want you to note the connection to God arising so His heritage is not made a reproach among the nations, the Northerner being removed, and his stench and foul smell arising.  This has connections to the battle of Ezekiel 38-39, the purpose of which is to exalt God’s Name among Israel and the nations!  We will also delve into that further in a future post!

We also have our special passage that we discussed in Part 3 in Peter’s Pentecost Prophecies, regarding the connection between the blood moon sign and the end of the church age.

Next, however, we need to examine this trumpet that is blown in Zion!

Pentecost Part 9 – The Trumpets and the Feasts

Main Pentecost Study Menu: Everything You Need to Know About Pentecost, the Feast that Ties It All Together For The Church


Further Resources:

Are you CERTAIN of your Salvation, beyond a shadow of a doubt?  Do you KNOW that no matter when the rapture occurs, you will be counted worthy to escape?  If not, please read What Must I do to Be Saved.

The Day of the Lord

Precursors to the Day of the Lord

Examining the Day of the Lord in Depth

Does Scripture Support a Pentecost Rapture? (PDF – T.W. Tramm)

The Feast of Pentecost (GraceThruFaith)

Shavuot – Revelation and the Fruit of the Spirit (Hebrew4Christians)

The Mystery of Pentecost (Prophecy Watchers)

The Rapture of the Church – Our Blessed Hope

The Blood Moon Sign

The Noisy, Not-So-Secret Rapture of the Church

Seals, Sealing, and the Ministry of the Holy Spirit

Braxton Hicks, Labor Pains, and the Time of the End

God’s Mosaic – A Whole Scripture Overview of Things To Come

Main Menu – God’s Mosaic Prophecy Model

The Bible is infallible.  I am not.  I am merely challenging traditional models and testing them against Scripture.  I believe that traditional pretribulation teachings provide a solid backbone upon which to lay the musculature of details, some of which I think might need to be adjusted slightly.  I encourage you to consider my thoughts as you also examine the scriptures to see if these things are so!